ON THIS DAY: October 13, 2017

October 13th is

Navy Day *

National M&M Day

Yorkshire Pudding Day

U.N. International Day for Disaster Reduction *

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MORE!  Paul Simon, Rachel De Thame and Naguib Mahfouz, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Burundi – Prince Rwagasore Day
(assassination memorial)

Malaysia – Melaka: State Holiday

Morocco – Essaouira:
Moga Music Festival

Thailand:
King Bhymibol Adulyadej Memorial

Trinidad & Tobago: First Peoples Day

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On This Day in HISTORY

54 – Roman Emperor Claudius dies, probably of poisoning – his wife Agrippina is suspected, possibly in collusion with Nero, who succeeded his uncle

1269 – The present building at Westminster Abbey is consecrated

1307 – Phillip the Fair, who owed large sums to the Knights Templar in France, has hundreds of them arrested, and tortured into ‘confession’ of heresy

1773 – The Whirlpool Galaxy is discovered by Charles Messier, who designates it M51 in his catalogue



1775 – Navy Day * U.S. Continental Congress establishes the Continental Navy

1792 –Executive Mansion cornerstone laid in Washington DC. – nicknamed the ‘White House’ in 1818 – name officially changed by President Theodore Roosevelt

1821 – Mexico declares its independence * from the Spanish Empire

1843 – B’nai B’rith, the oldest Jewish service organization in the world, is founded by 12 recent German Jewish immigrants in New York City

1845 – Nine years after its inception, the majority of Republic of Texas voters approve becoming a U.S. state instead, effective in 1846

1862 – Mary H. Kingsley born, English ethnographic and scientific writer and explorer; wrote and lectured about Sierra Leone, Angola, Gabon, the Congo River and Cameroon after traveling in West Africa in 1893 and 1894-95; author of Travels in West Africa and West African Studies



1872 – Leon Leonwood Bean, American hunter, businessman, and author, founded L.L.Bean

1881 – Eliezer Ben-Yehuda, “reviver of the Hebrew language,” holds the first known conversation in modern Hebrew with friends

1884 – The International Meridian Conference votes on a resolution to establish the meridian passing through the Observatory of Greenwich, in London, England, as the initial meridian for longitude

1885 – The Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech) is founded in Atlanta, United States



1890 – Conrad Richter born, American novelist; The Town, third book of his trilogy, The Awakening Land, won the 1951 Pulitzer Prize for Fiction



1892 – Edward Emerson Barnard discovers D/1892 T1, the first comet discovered by photographic means, on the night of October 13–14

1902 – Arna Bontemps born, American novelist and poet, he was a noted member of the Harlem Renaissance; Story of the Negro



1903 – Babes in Toyland premieres on Broadway



1919 – Jackie Ronne born, American explorer; first woman to work as a member of an Antarctic expedition (1947-49); the Ronne Ice Shelf is named for her



1923 – Ankara replaces Istanbul as the capital of Turkey

1923 – Rosemary Anne Sisson born, English author, playwright and television scriptwriter; The Excise Man, scripts for: The Six Wives of Henry VIII (1970), Elizabeth R (1971), Upstairs, Downstairs (1972–75) and The Duchess of Duke Street

1924 – The Guardsman opens on Broadway

1925 – Margaret Thatcher born, Conservative MP and Party Leader, first woman to lead a major political party in Britain and first female UK Prime Minister (1979-1990)

1934 – Nana Mouskouri born, Greek singer and politician; UNICEF spokesperson and Greek deputy to the European Parliament (1994-1999)

1940 – Pharoah Sanders born, American Jazz saxophonist



1941 – Paul Simon born, American singer-songwriter; Simon and Garfunkel



1944 – Robert Lamm born, American singer-songwriter and keyboardist, founding member of rock group Chicago



1950 – Mollie Katzen born, American chef, cookbook author; The Moosewood Cookbook, The Enchanted Broccoli Forest

1953 – Samuel Bagno patents an ultrasonic burglar alarm

1957 – The Fordis introduced on a TV special with Frank Sinatra and Bing Crosby



1958 – Maria Cantwell born, American politician, U.S. Senator (D-WA 2001 to present), previously U.S. House of Representatives (D-WA for 1st District 1993-1995 and for 44th District 1987-1993)

1961 – Rachel De Thame, English Horticulturist, garden expert and BBC 2 presenter on Gardener’s World, and Small Town Gardens, and co-host for the BBC’s annual coverage of the Chelsea Flower Show



1962 – Who’s Afraid of Virginia Woolf? Debuts on Broadway



1983 – Ameritech Mobile Communications (now AT&T) launched first U.S. cellular network in Chicago

1988 – Naguib Mahfouz wins the Nobel Prize in Literature



1989 – U.N. General Assembly designates International Day for Disaster Reduction, * to promote risk-awareness, disaster preparedness/mitigation – now October 13 annually

2009 – Bob Dylan releases album Christmas in the Heart

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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
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