ON THIS DATE: October 14, 2017

October 14th is

Be Bald and Free Day

National Dessert Day

Peace Corps Day *

International Top Spinning Day *

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MORE! Masaoka Shiki, Lillian Gish, and e.e. cummings, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Chile – Santiago:
Ultra Chile Music Festival

Georgia – Mtskheta:
Svetitskhoveli Cathedral Day

Moldova – Chişinău: Hramul Chişinăulul
(capital of Moldova patron saint day)

Peru – Santa Fortunata de Moquegua

Tanzania – Mwalimu Julius Nyerere Day
(Uhuru Torch Race climax)

Ukraine – Day of the Ukraine Defenders

Yemen – October Revolution/Liberation Day

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On This Day in HISTORY

1066 – William the Conqueror’s Norman forces defeat Harold II’s English army at the Battle of Hastings



1563 – Jodocus Hondius the Elder born, Flemish engraver and cartographer; early maps of the ‘New World’ and Europe

1586 – Trial begins of Mary, Queen of Scots, for conspiracy in attempt to assassinate Queen Elizabeth I under the English Act for the Queen’s Safety

1618 – Sir Peter Lely born, English painter of Dutch origin, notable fashionable portrait painter, later portrait artist to King Charles I, then Oliver Cromwell, and then King Charles II


Self Portrait, by Sir Peter Lely


1641 – Joachim Tielke born, German musical stringed instrument maker; lutes, angelicas, guitars, violins, and viol da gambas

1644 – William Penn born, Quaker, founder of Pennsylvania

1656 – The Puritans of the Massachusetts Bay Colony enact the first legislation against the Quakers, levying a heavy fine on any ship bringing Quakers to the colony from England, and making Quakers subject to imprisonment or exile

1773 – The first recorded Ministry of Education is formed in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, the Commission of National Education

1801 – Joseph Plateau born, Belgian physicist, pioneer in illusion of moving image with his invention, the phenakistiscope

1867 – Masaoka Shiki born, also known as Masaoka Noboru, Japanese poet and author of the Meiji period in Japan



1871 – Alexander von Zemlinsky born, Austrian composer and conductor



1880 – Chief ‘Victorio’ Bidu-ya, and his Warm Springs band of Mimbreño Apaches, are killed by Mexican soldiers at Cero Tres Castillos in Chihuahua, Mexico

1882 – University of the Punjab is founded in Lahore, in what is now Pakistan



1884 – George Eastman, patents paper-strip photographic film

1888 – French inventor Louis Le Prince films Roundhay Garden Scene, the oldest surviving motion picture film in existence



1888 – Katherine Mansfield born, British novelist, short story writer, and essayist



1889 – Spencer Williams born, American Jazz and blues composer, pianist and singer; “Basin Street Blues” and “Everybody Loves My Baby”



1893 – Lillian Gish born, American screen and stage actress, director and writer; pioneer in film whose career spanned 75 years, from 1912 to 1987; The Movies, Mr. Griffith, and Me (autobiography with Ann Pinchot)



1894 – e.e. cummings born, American poet, author and playwright



1894 – Victoria Drummond born, first British woman marine engineer and first woman member of the Institute of Marine Engineers, served at sea during WWII as an engineering officer in the British Merchant Navy, frequently cited for bravery under fire; retired after making 49 voyages in her 40-year career



1906 – Hannah Arendt born in Germany, notable American political theorist who escaped from Germany after being arrested and briefly imprisoned by the Gestapo for being Jewish in 1933, went to Switzerland, then France, and came to America in 1941 on a visa illegally issued by Hiram Bingham, who gave about 2,500 Jewish refugees unauthorized visas



1909 –Dorothy Kingsley born, American screenwriter for film, radio and television; was a “script doctor” at MGM, sometimes uncredited, she often re-wrote the ‘books’ (plots and dialogue) for MGM musicals, including Kiss Me Kate, Seven Brides for Seven Brothers and Pal Joey

1910 – English aviator Claude Grahame-White flies his Farman biplane over Washington DC, then lands on Executive Avenue near the White House

1912 – Campaigning in Milwaukee, former U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt is shot and mildly wounded by a mentally-disturbed saloon keeper. With the bullet still in the wound in his chest, Roosevelt delivers his speech as scheduled

1913 – The Senghenydd Colliery Disaster, U.K.’s worst coal mining catastrophe, is caused by high levels of airborne coal dust combined with methane-hydrogen gas, then the resulting fire and afterdamp (carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide and nitrogen). 439 miners and one would-be rescuer are killed



1916 – C. Everett Koop born, American admiral and surgeon, U.S. Surgeon General (1983-1989), noted for his campaign against tobacco use; frustrated by the Reagan Administration block on addressing the AIDS crisis; personally opposed to abortion, but in spite of political pressure refused to say that abortions performed by medical professionals posed a health risk to women 



1926 – Winnie the Pooh, by A.A. Milne, is published



1933 – Nazi Germany withdraws from the League of Nations World Disarmament Conference, to begin secret rearmament, in violation of the 1919 Treaty of Versailles

1938 – Dame Elizabeth Esteve-Coll born, British librarian and museum director; first woman appointed as a director of a national arts collection, the Victoria and Albert Museum (1987-1994); Vice-Chancellor of the University of East Anglia (1995-1997), resigned because of multiple sclerosis

1938 – Shula Marks born, South African history professor, School of Oriental and African Studies of the University of London; also wrote monograph for WHO on Health and Apartheid; currently working on the public health campaign against the spread of HIV/AIDS in South Africa

1944 – German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel commits suicide rather than face execution for allegedly conspiring against Adolf Hitler

1947 – USAF Captain Chuck Yeager breaks sound barrier when the Bell X-1, a rocket-powered aircraft named Glamorous Glennis for his wife, reaches Mach 1



1949 – Katha Pollitt born, American feminist poet and essayist; writing frequently on abortion rights, racism, welfare reform, feminism and poverty



1949 – Under the Smith Act of 1940, which bans advocating or belonging to a group that advocated the violent overthrow of the U.S. government, the FBI prosecutes eleven Communist Party USA (CPUSA) leaders in one of the lengthiest trial in U.S history, lasting 10 months. Case is based on undercover informant testimony interpreting communist texts and organization meetings as violating the Smith Act. All 11 defendants are found guilty and sentenced to up to 5 years in federal prison, while all 5 defense attorneys receive jail sentences for contempt of court – two of them are disbarred

1956 – ‘Babassaheb’ (Dr. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar), Indian jurist and social reformer who campaigns for ending discrimination against Dalits (‘Untouchables’); leads 385,000 followers in converting to Buddhism, launching the Dalit Buddhist Movement



1957 – Queen Elizabeth II becomes the first Commonwealth monarch to open an annual session of the Canadian Parliament in Ottawa

1958 – The U.S Atomic Energy Commission carries out an underground nuclear weapon test at the Nevada Test Site

1960 – Peace Corps Day *– On the presidential campaign trail, Senator John F.  Kennedy asks students at University of Michigan how many would volunteer to serve their country and the cause of peace by living and working in the developing world



1962 – The Cuban Missile Crisis begins when a USAF U-2 pilot flies over the island and takes pictures of Soviet missiles being installed which are capable of carrying nuclear warheads

1964 – Martin Luther King is announced as winner of the Nobel Peace Prize

1966 – The Montreal Metro repaid-transit system begins operations in Canada

1968 – NASA’s Apollo 7 astronauts make first live U.S. TV broadcast from orbit



1969 – The British fifty-pence coin is introduced, beginning the phase-out of the shilling

1979 – 200,000 people join the first Washington DC march for Lesbian and Gay Rights

1982 – Ronald Reagan proclaims the ‘War on Drugs’

1986 – Holocaust survivor and human rights advocate Elie Wiesel is named winner of the Nobel Peace Prize



1990 – Leonard Bernstein dies at age 72

1991 – Burmese (now Myanmar) opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi named winner of the Nobel Peace Prize

1994 – Yasser Arafat and Yitzak Rabin receive Nobel Peace Prize for the Oslo Accords

1997 – Paul McCartney’s Standing Stone debuts



2000 – International Top Spinning Day * is launched by the Spinning Top & Yo-Yo Museum of Burlington, WI

2006 – The U.N. Security Council votes unanimously to impose punishing sanctions on North Korea for carrying out a nuclear test

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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
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4 Responses to ON THIS DATE: October 14, 2017

  1. Malisha says:

    When my kid was little we went to a science museum and I got him a souvenir in the gift shop. It was this: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rattleback
    It came with a little write-up that speculated on the reason it was invented (since apparently these were found in excavations of some really ancient prehistoric sites) and it commented that the ancients probably did NOT REALIZE it could perform this feat because of the “lack of flat surfaces” in the ancient times. We have had many good laughs over that, for years.

    • wordcloud9 says:

      “Lack of flat surfaces” – it constantly amazes me how frequently modern-day idiots underestimate the intelligence and resourcefulness of our ancestors, and what a warped view they have of the past.

      My husband has a story to match yours – he grew up in a small town in Texas, where his family ran the mom-and-pop grocery store on the town square. They had a deal with the movie house across the square which enabled him to see all the movies for 10 cents a ticket, so he was a frequent attendee.

      One matinee showing of Cecil B. DeMille’s “Ten Commandments” he was seated behind a couple of church ladies. As the Israelites are approaching the Red Sea, Joshua sees the Egyptian army racing up behind them, and leaps on his horse to go warn Moses they are about to be trapped – one of the ladies leans over to her friend and loudly whispers, “Oh that’s just silly, they didn’t have horses way back then.”

      • Malisha says:

        OMG! Church lady did not know her Bible! EXODUS 14:23 —
        The Egyptians pursued them, and all Pharaoh’s horses and chariots and horsemen followed them into the sea.
        I have a good “history of horses” story too: My kid was about 6 and he was in the back of the car (safety precaution pre-seatbelt) reading one of his books on science. This one was on evolution and showed how certain animals evolved from earlier models. He had asked me for a pony many times in his life and I had always denied him a pony, pointing out that we had no land for the pony to live on, and they were expensive to feed and care for, etc. And I would offer other pets. So this day, as I pulled into a parking lot, he flipped a few pages (showing the development small pre-horse mammals from large hare-like mammals) of his book and then asked again, “Mommy can I get a pony?” I patiently explained we couldn’t do that and when I offered other pets he said, “How about a rabbit?” “Sure,” I said, “We can build a hutch in the yard.” As he climbed out of the car he asked innocently, “How long does it take for a rabbit to evolve into a horse?”

        • wordcloud9 says:

          LOL – too funny! He was a very sharp 6 year old.

          The number of church-goers who only know a few quotes from the Bible that they happen to agree with, while ignoring all the rest, seems to be a problem of long standing. I am not a Christian or a Jew, but I know more about both those religions than many of the people who profess them.

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