ON THIS DAY: October 28, 2017

October 28th is

World Animation Day *

National Chocolate Day II

Plush Animal Lover’s Day

St. Jude’s Day

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MORE! Trajan, Edith Head and Jonas Salk, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Brazil –Dia do Servidor Público
(Civil Servants’ Day)

Cyprus and Greece – Oxi Day *
(‘No’ Day – Greek National Day)

Czech Republic – Den vzniku samostatneho
ceskoslovenskeho statu (Independence Day)

Hong Kong and Macau – Chung Yeung Festival
(Festival of Ancestors)

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On This Day in HISTORY

AD 97 – Roman Emperor Nerva is forced by the Praetorian Guard to adopt Marcus Ulpius Trajanus (Trajan) as his heir and successor



1420 – Beijing is officially designated the capital of the Ming dynasty in the same year that the Forbidden City, the seat of government, is completed



1466 – Desiderius Erasmus born, Dutch Renaissance humanist, priest, scholar, social critic and theologian; has been called “the crowning glory of the Christian humanists”



1538 – First university in the ‘New World’ (present-day Dominican Republic), the  Universidad Santo Tomás de Aquino, is established

1636 – New College is established by vote of the Great and General Court of the Massachusetts Bay Colony – it will be renamed Harvard in 1639

1793 – Eli Whitney applied for a patent for his cotton gin



1793 – Eliphalet Remington born, American inventor and firearms manufacturer

1794– Robert Liston born, Scottish surgeon who performed the first European operation using ether, and invented  see-through isinglass sticking plaster, Bulldogs forceps (a type of locking artery forceps), and a leg splint used to stabilize dislocations and fractures of the femur, and still used today

1846 – Georges Auguste Escoffier born, French culinary artist



1858 – Rowland Macy opens his first New York store, in Manhattan

1875 – Gilbert H. Grosvenor born, American geographer; president of National Geographic Society (1920-1954)

1884 – William Douglas Cook born, New Zealand horticulturalist; founder of Eastwoodhill Arboretum, now the national arboretum of New Zealand



1886 – ‘Liberty Enlightening the World’ a gift from the people of France, is dedicated by President Cleveland, and quickly becomes better-known as ‘The Statue of Liberty’



1892 – Dink Johnson born, American Dixieland pianist, clarinetist and drummer



1893 – Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky conducts the first public performance of his Symphony Number Six in B minor, “Pathetique”



1896 – Howard Hanson born, American composer, conductor and musical theorist; director of the Eastman School of Music (1924-1964); won the 1944 Pulitzer Prize for Music for his Symphony no. 4



1897 – Edith Head born, American motion-picture costume designer, who won eight Academy Awards for Best Costume Design, from The Heiress in 1949 to The Sting in  1973; created everything from Dorothy Lamour’s sarong to Audrey Hepburn’s stylish clothes for Breakfast at Tiffany’s



1903 – Evelyn Waugh born, English author of novels, biographies and travel books;  A Handful of Dust,  Brideshead Revisited, and The Loved One



1904 – The St. Louis Police Department begins using fingerprinting

1905 – Tatyana van Aardenne-Ehrenfest born, Dutch mathematician; contributed to De Bruijn sequences, the discrepancy theorem and the BEST theorem

1914 – Jonas Salk born, American medical researcher who develops the first vaccine against polio



1919 – The Volstead Act, also called the National Prohibition Act becomes law

1922 – Fascist Benito Mussolini takes control of the Italian government

1922 – Gershon Kingsley born in Germany, American composer, pioneer of electronic music and the Moog synthesizer, and co-founder of the First Moog Quartet



1927 – Cleo Laine born as Clementine Bullock, daughter of a Jamaican father and an English mother, English jazz singer with a vocal range over of over three octaves



1929 – Virginia P. Held born, American social-political and feminist philosopher, whose work centers on the ethics of caregiving and the roles of women in society

1936 – Charlie Daniels born, American musician, singer and lyricist, bluegrass, country and Southern rock; “The Devil Went Down to Georgia”



1936 – The Statue of Liberty is rededicated by FDR on its 50th anniversary

1938 – Anne Perry born Juliet Hulme, English author of historical detective fiction

1939 – Jane Alexander born, Tony Award winner, Two-time Emmy winner, Four-time Academy Award nominee, Director of the National Endowment for the Arts (1993-97)



1940 – Greek Prime Minister Ioannis Metaxas says, “No” to an ultimatum made by Italian Prime Minister Benito Mussolini demanding he allow Italian forces to occupy strategic locations in Greece or otherwise face war – celebrated in Greece and Cyprus as Oxi Day * (Greek for ‘no’ – pronounced ‘oh-hee’)



1940 – Susan S. Harris born, American television comedy writer-producer

1942 – Gillian Lovegrove born, British computer scientist and academic; worked on object-oriented computing; advocate for gender balance in computer education and employment; with Wendy Hall, organized ‘Women into Computing’ conferences

1949 – President Truman swears in Eugenie Moore Anderson as U.S ambassador to Denmark, first American woman appointed as chief of mission at ambassador level

1950 – Sihem Bensedrine born, Tunisian journalist and human rights advocate; honored by OXFAM in 2005 with their Novib/PEN Award

1956 – Elvis Presley’s song “Love Me Tender” became the No. 1 Billboard Pop Hit, the first time a musician had back-to-back hits in the  No. 1 spot, because “Don’t Be Cruel/Hound Dog” had been the previous No. 1 song for 11 weeks



1957 – Marian P. Bell born, British economist; Bank of England’s Monetary Policy Board (2002-2005); Royal Bank of Scotland (1982-1989 and 1991-2000); Governor of the National Institute of Economic and Social Research (2014 to present)

1958 – Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli is elected Pope, taking the name John XXIII

1962 – Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev informs U.S. President Kennedy that he  ordered the dismantling of Soviet missile bases in Cuba

1963 – The Beach Boys release “Be True To Your School” in the U.S.



1965 – Pope Paul VI issues a decree absolving Jews of collective guilt for the crucifixion of Jesus Christ, and the Gateway Arch is completed in St. Louis MO

1965 – The Supremes record “My World is Empty Without You”



1976 – John D. Erlichman, former aide to disgraced President Nixon, enters a federal prison camp to serve his sentence for Watergate-related convictions

1982 – Soviet premier Leonid Brezhnev condemns the U.S. for arms buildup

1983 – The U.S. vetoes a U.N. Security Council resolution “deeply deploring” the ongoing U.S.-led invasion of Grenada

1986 – The centennial of the Statue of Liberty is celebrated in New York

1991 – Metallica releases their single “The Unforgiven”



2002 – World Animation Day * is launched by ASIFA, Association Internationale du Film d’Animation – the International Film Association to honor the first public showing of Emile Reynaud’s Theatre Optique in Paris, on October 28, 1892



2005 – Vice President Dick Cheney’s top adviser, I. Lewis “Scooter” Libby, resigned after he is indicted on charges of obstruction of justice, perjury and making false statements in the CIA leak investigation. Libby will be convicted and sentenced to 30 months in prison, but President George W. Bush will commute his sentence

2007 – Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner is elected Argentina’s first woman president



2009 – Angela Merkel is sworn in for a second term as German chancellor

2014 – An unmanned Antares rocket carrying NASA’s Cygnus CRS Orb-3 resupply mission to the International Space Station explodes seconds after taking off from the Mid-Atlantic Regional Spaceport in Virginia

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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
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13 Responses to ON THIS DAY: October 28, 2017

    • The Lizard has been busy.

      https://platform.twitter.com/widgets.js

      • Malisha says:

        I wonder what it would have been like to grow up in the world of the electronically-enabled rage-net temper tantrum, where every grievance could lead to a “tweet” with the potential to be seen by a million strangers who felt their own hoarded angers lit up by your careless words tossed off stinging fingers longing to slap a face in your past. Where you had no common remembered “don’t” to restrain you from pitching a fit, say, in the A&P because you really wanted to try macaroni and cheese in a box but mom said no, that’s junk food. Where you could blare your private insult and thought freedom meant never having to say excuse me. It’s weird. It’s like the capacity for embarrassment has departed from our common consciousness.

    • wordcloud9 says:

      Hi Gene –
      Crossing my fingers and thinking fierce thoughts – rumors abound that occupant in the Oval Office is gearing up to fire Mueller, and that’s why Mueller filed charges now.

    • Nothing to see here. Just move along.

  1. Good Day 🙂
    So, question….is Pence likely to be more effective in his current role as tie-breaker supreme? or would he accomplish more as President should Trump be removed? What would the shift look like?

    • Hey Woosty. Good to hear from you.

      Pence wants to take the country back to 1950 or so. He just cleans up better and has better hair.

      My suspicion is the paper trail is a lot wider than anyone on the outside knows. Mueller has probably drilled down extremely deep. The larger question is whether Pence survives what is coming.

      The insurance policy against pardons is Eric Schneiderman. Presidents cannot pardon state crimes. Take it to the bank that Schneiderman has just about everything that Mueller and his team have.

      • Hi Chuck!
        It’s been awhile since I checked in….the site has evolved again!
        Pence booted too? that’s a thing I didn’t think of!
        I just read about your daughter, I’m so sorry for your loss though from what I read she brought more to life than most, even in her short time on this planet. Happy memories.

        • I hope you become a regular again. Your contributions are always valuable. I just sent Terry a note saying that Chris Christie will probably go to Mass tomorrow to give thanks to the Lord he was not chosen as VP.

          Thanks for the kind note about Brandi. The Lassie crammed a lot of living into 26 years. Would that more people did so. As Prince EA says, everyone dies, but not everyone really lives.

  2. Well thank you for that vid…it hit me in the right spot! I’ll be checking in, I’m trying not to OD on the political climate…fear feeder that it is… be well 🙂

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