ON THIS DAY: November 1, 2017

November 1st is

National Author’s Day *

National Calzone Day

Extra Mile Day *

Prime Meridian Day *

World Vegan Day *

First Day of Native American Heritage Month *

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MORE! Shakespeare, Sippie Wallace and Red Fox James, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Christian: All Saints’ Day

Algeria – Revolution Day

Antigua & Barbuda –
Independence Day

Bhutan –
Druk Gyalpo Coronation

Haiti – Port-au-Prince:
Fet Gede (1st day)

Mexico – Día de Muertos (Day of the Dead – begins Halloween night)

U.S. Virgin Islands –David Hamilton Jackson Day *

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On This Day in HISTORY

1141 – Empress Matilda’s reign as ‘Lady of the English’ ends as Stephen of Blois takes the throne of England

1512 – Michelangelo’s Sistine Chapel ceiling is first viewed publicly



1555 – French Huguenots establish the France Antarctique colony on Guannabara Bay in Brazil – in 1567, the Portuguese destroy it and expel the French Protestants

1604 – William Shakespeare’s tragedy Othello debuts at Whitehall Palace in London

Whitehall Palace, artist concept, around 1530 – artist unknown


1609 – Sir Matthew Hale born, English barrister, judge and legal scholar; notable for his treatise Historia Placitorum Coronæ, (The History of the Pleas of the Crown)

1611 – Shakespeare’s play The Tempest is performed for the first time, also at Whitehall Palace in London

1683 – The British Crown colony of New York is subdivided into 12 counties

1765 – The Stamp Act, ‘Duties in American Colonies Act,’ goes into effect, imposing a direct tax on the colonies and requiring that paper produced in London carrying the embossed revenue stamp must used for many printed materials in the colonies – the tax had to be paid in British currency instead of colonial paper money. The British government claimed the tax was necessary to support trips sent to America to protect the colonists from the Indians, but the Americans insisted they could protect themselves

1790 – Edmund Burke publishes Reflections on the Revolution in France, in which he predicts that the French Revolution will end in a disaster

1798 – Sir Benjamin Guinness born, Irish brewer, first lord mayor of Dublin under the reformed corporation (1851), and philanthropist; grandson of the brewery’s founder, Arthur Guinness, who develops export trade of stout to the U.S., the foundation of the family fortune

1800 – John Adams, 2nd U.S. President, becomes the first president to live in the Executive Mansion (now called the White House)


Executive Mansion, etching circa 1800


1814 – Congress of Vienna opens to re-draw the European political map after the defeat of the French in the Napoleonic Wars

1815 –Crawford W. Long born, American physician and pioneer in the of anesthetics

1848 – In Boston, MA, the first medical school for women opens, The Boston Female Medical School (it later merges with Boston University School of Medicine)

1849 – William Merritt Chase born, American Impressionist painter; teacher of Georgia O’Keefe and Edward Hopper

1856 – The first photography magazine, Daguerreian Journal, is published in NYC



1861 – American General George McClellan becomes the Union Armies’ general-in-chief

1864 – U.S. Post Office starts selling money orders, a safer way to mail payments

1870 – U.S. Weather Bureau, originally within the Department of War, makes its first official meteorological forecast (later moved to the Department of Agriculture, then the Department of Commerce, and renamed the National Weather Service)

1871 – Stephen Crane born, American writer best remembered for his novel The Red Badge of Courage

1877 – Roger Cuthbert Quilter born, English composer

1880 – Grantland Rice born, American syndicated columnist and sportswriter; the Football Writers Association established the Grantland Rice Memorial Award in 1954



1880 – Sholem Asch born in Poland, Jewish novelist, playwright and essayist who wrote in Yiddish, who emigrated to the U.S.

1880 – Alfred Wegener born, German polar researcher, geophysicist and meteorologist; originator of the Continental Drift theory

1884 – Prime Meridian Day * – Representatives from 25 nations meet in Washington DC, and decide to use the British designation of Greenwich as the Prime Meridian as an international standard, instead of each nation using a meridian that runs through their country as its Prime

1885 – Anton Flettner born, German aviation engineer and inventor; in addition to his contributions to aviation, he developed the Flettner Rotor ship which uses 90 % less fuel, and a much smaller crew than conventional ocean liners

1886 – Sakutarō  Hagiwara (萩原 朔太郎 Hagiwara Sakutarō) born, Japanese poet of the Taishō and early Shōwa periods, who freed Japanese free verse from the traditional rules; “father of modern colloquial Japanese poetry”

1894 – Nicholas II becomes the last Tsar of Russia after his father Alexander III dies

1894 – Thomas Edison films sharpshooter Annie Oakley

1896 – A picture showing the bare breasts of a woman appears in National Geographic magazine for the first time

1897 – The first Library of Congress building opens its doors to the public; the library had previously been housed in the Congressional Reading Room in the U.S. Capitol

1889 – Hannah Höch born, German Dada artist, painter and pioneer in photomontage

1898 – Sippie Wallace born, American blues singer-song-writer, “The Texas Nightingale”



1899 – Sir Gavin de Beer born, British evolutionary embryologist, who stressed heterochrony, the changes in the timing or rate of events; winner of the Royal Society’s Darwin Medal

1904 – The U.S. Army War College in Washington Dc enrolls its first class

1915 – Red Fox James, a member of the Blackfoot nation, took it upon himself to ride a horse from state to state seeking approval from 24 separate state governments for a day to honor the “American Indian” – in December of 1915 he presented it to the White House, apparently to no positive effect. It was not until 1990 that a joint resolution of Congress proclaimed November as Native American Heritage Month *



1915 – Margaret Taylor-Burroughs born, American painter and poet; co-founder of the DuSable Museum of African American History

1915 – David Hamilton Jackson, Labor leader, founds the St. Croix Herald, criticizing Danish colonial rule and demanding better social and economic conditions for the island’s black population. He is a leader in the sugar cane workers strike of 1915-16 over low wages and long hours, which forces plantation owners to accept a 9 hour workday and a raise from 10-25 cents to 35 cents per day – the dock worker strike which followed is also successful – The first day of the Herald’s publication is honored as a public holiday: David Hamilton Jackson Day * to encourage people to make a greater effort to fulfill their dreams

1918 – Western Ukraine gains independence from the Austro-Hungarian Empire

1920 – American fishing schooner Esperanto defeats Canadian fishing schooner Delawana in the first International Fishing Schooner Championship in Halifax, Nova Scotia



1921 – Wadih El Safi born, Lebanese songwriter-composer, ‘the Voice of Lebanon’ 



1928 –‘Law on the Adoption and Implementation of the Turkish Alphabet’ replacing an Arabic alphabet with the Latin alphabet, comes into force in Turkey

1930 – A.R. Gurney born, American playwright and author; The Dining Room, The Cocktail Hour and Love Letters

1936 – Benito Mussolini describes the alliance between his country and Nazi Germany as an “axis” running between Rome and Berlin in a speech made in Milan

1937 – Terry and the Pirates debuts on NBC Radio

1938 – Seabiscuit defeats War Admiral in an upset victory during a match race deemed “the match of the century” in horse racing



1941 – Ansel Adams takes a picture of Moonrise over the town of Hernandez, New Mexico, that becomes one of the most famous images in the history of photography


1946 – Yuko Shimizu (清水 侑子 Shimizu Yūko) born, Japanese designer; creator of  Hello Kitty and Angel Cat Sugar

1949 – The U.S. Department of Commerce declares Author’s Day * as an official national day. First proposed in 1928 as a tribute to American Authors by schoolteacher Nellie Verne Burt McPherson to members of the Bement Illinois Women’s Club, and then the General Federation of Women’s Clubs

1951 – Operation Buster-Jangle: 6,500 American soldiers are exposed to ‘Desert Rock’ atomic explosions for training purposes in Nevada –participation is not voluntary

1952 – The U.S. tests the first hydrogen bomb, at Eniwetok in the Marshall Islands

1954 – Front de Libération Nationale fires first shots of Algerian War of Independence

1957 – Mackinac Bridge, world’s longest suspension bridge between anchorages at the time, opens to traffic connecting Michigan’s upper and lower peninsulas

1959 – Susanna Clarke born, English author, her first novel, Jonathan Strange & Mr Norrell, won a Hugo Award; also noted for short story collection, The Ladies of Grace Adieu and Other Stories



1961 – Louise Boije of Gennäs born, Swedish feminist writer; noted for her best-selling semi-autobiographical novel,  Stjärnor utan svindel (Stars Without Vertigo)

1963 – Arecibo Observatory in Puerto Rico, with the largest radio telescope ever constructed, officially opens

1964 – Nita Ambani born, influential Indian businesswoman and philanthropist; co-founder and chair of Reliance Foundation, one of the largest private foundations in India, which sponsors Braille materials for the blind and a cornea transplant program, among many others

1964 – The Dave Clark Five performed “Glad All Over” on The Ed Sullivan Show



1968 – The Motion Picture Association of America’s film rating system is officially introduced, originating with the ratings G, M, R, and X

1973 –Leon Jaworski is appointed as the new Watergate Special Prosecutor

1981 – U.S. Postal Service raises a first-class letter stamp to 20 cents

1982 – Honda is the first Asian automobile company to produce cars in a U. S. factory when their Marysville, Ohio opens; the Honda Accord is the first car produced there

1993 – The Maastricht Treaty takes effect, formally establishing the European Union

1994 – First World Vegan Day * started on the 50th anniversary of the U.K. Vegan Society – the term ‘vegan’ was coined by Donald Watson to differentiate people who do not eat dairy, eggs or any other foods derived from animals from vegetarians, who do



1995 – Bosnia peace talks open in Dayton, Ohio, formally opened by U.S. Secretary of State Warren Christopher; in addition to the negotiators representing Serbia, Bosnia and Croatia, there are British, French, German and Russian negotiators present

2000 – The Republic of Serbia and Montenegro joins the United Nations

2009 – Shawn Anderson of the Extra Mile America Foundation starts Extra Mile Day *

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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
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