ON THIS DAY: November 5, 2017

November 5th is

Daylight Savings Ends *

Chinese Take-Out Day

Love Your Red Hair Day

World Tsunami Awareness Day

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MORE! Will Durant, Ida Tarbell and Gram Parsons, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

El Salvador –
Primer grito de independencia *

Panama –
La Ciudad de Colón Day

United Kingdom – Guy Fawkes Day *
(aka Gunpowder Day or Bonfire Night)

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On This Day in HISTORY

1138 – Lý Anh Tông is enthroned as emperor of Vietnam at the age of two, beginning a 37-year reign

1499 – The Catholicon is published, a Breton-French-Latin dictionary written in 1464 by Jehan Lagadeuc in Tréguier, the first trilingual dictionary, which is also the first Breton and first French dictionary published

1605 – Guy Fawkes Day * aka Gunpowder Day in Great Britain celebrates the foiling of the Gunpowder Plot: Robert Catesby, with a dozen other provincial English Catholics,  plot to blow up the English House of Lords during the State Opening when King James I would also be present, but an anonymous letter sent to William Parker, 4th Baron Monteagle, reveals their plan. The House of Lords is searched, and around midnight on 4 November 1605, Fawkes is discovered guarding 36 barrels of gunpowder—enough to reduce the House of Lords to rubble—and arrested. The rest of the conspirators were either shot while trying to escape, or tried and executed 



1607 – Anna Maria van Schurman born, Dutch painter, scholar, engraver and poet; highly educated, being proficient in 14 languages, and excelling at art, music and literature, she was a defender of female education: Dissertatio De Ingenii Muliebris ad Doctrinam, & meliores Litteras aptitudine  (The Learned Maid or, Whether a Maid may be a Scholar) argued for educating women, but not for them using their education to enter a profession, and against allowing it to interfere with their domestic duties


A 1659 English translation of Dissertatio De Ingenii Muliebris
ad Doctrinam, & meliores Litteras aptitudine


1666 – Attilio Ariosti born, Italian viola player and composer



1667 – Christoph Ludwig Agricola born, German landscape and bird painter


Figures on a Country Road and Un Oiseau (a bird) by Christoph Agricola


1811 – Father José Matías Delgado, rings the bells of La Merced church in San Salvador – the ‘First Shout of Independence’ * – calling for insurrection and launching the 1811 Independence Movement in El Salvador

1829 – Technical University of Denmark (DTU) opens, now one of Europe’s leading engineering schools

1834 – Anna Leonowens born, English teacher and author; governess to children of king Mongkut of Siam

1844 – In San Francisco CA, a grizzly bear named Monarch undergoes successful cataract surgery at the Zoological Garden – the bear lives until 1911

1850 – Ella Wheeler Wilcox born, American author and poet



1855 – Eugene V. Debbs, union leader and socialist candidate for U.S. president, is born



1857 – Ida Tarbell born, American journalist, author, reformer, and educator; her expose History of the Standard Oil in 1904 gave her a reputation as a “trust buster”



1862 – President Lincoln removes George B. McClellan as commander of the Army of the Potomac after he failed to pursue Robert E. Lee’s army after the Battle of Antietam

1872 – To test the limits of the newly ratified 14th Amendment, Susan B. Anthony votes in a presidential election, the first time an American woman votes, but her vote is not counted, she is arrested, tried, and on this day fined $100, which she refuses to pay



1885 – Will Durant born, American historian and author



1895 – George B. Selden is granted the first U.S. patent for an automobile

1900 – Ethelwynn Trewavas born, British ichthyologist, over a dozen fish species named in her honor


Ethelwynn “E.T.” Trewavas and two fish named for her: Etia Nguti (her initials – top) and Labeotropheus trewavasae


1911 – Italy declares war on the Ottoman Empire and annexes Tripoli and Cyrenaica

1911 – Marie Osborne Yeats born, first major child star of American silent films, Baby Marie; who later worked as a costumer for Western Costume, a major clothing supplier for the motion picture industry

1912 – Woodrow Wilson is elected president of the United States

1914 – France and the British Empire declare war on the Ottoman Empire

1916 – The ‘Bloody Sunday’ massacre in Everett, Washington – The Industrial Workers of the World (IWW, nicknamed “Wobblies”) sends union organizers to Everett during a severe depression to support a strike by shingle workers.  The IWW organized rallies and marches – businesses countered by organizing vigilantes who beat them with ax handles and ran them out of town. The Seattle IWW sent in 300 of their members aboard two steamers to hold a rally, but they were met by a tug boat in the harbor, the County Sheriff, armed vigilantes and hired goon squads on the dock. In the gun battle that followed, at least five IWW members were killed and 27 wounded, two ‘citizen deputies’ were killed, shot in the back by their own side, and 20 others were wounded. 74 Wobblies were arrested and charged with murdering the two ‘citizen deputies’ but were all ultimately acquitted



1922 – Violet Barclay born, also used name Valerie Barclay, American illustrator and pioneering female comic-book artist

1925 – British ‘Ace of Spies’ Sydney Reilly, the first 20th century “super-spy” is executed by the Soviet secret police, the OGPU

1935 – The game ‘Monopoly’ becomes a best-seller for Parker Brothers

1940 – FDR wins an unprecedented third term as U.S. President

1941 – Art Garfunkel, singer-songwriter (‘Simon & Garfunkel’), is born

1943 – St. Peter’s Basilica in Vatican City is damaged in a WWII bombing raid on Rome

1943 – Sam Shepherd born, American playwright and actor

1945 – Aleka Papariga (Αλέκα Παπαρήγα) born, Greek Communist Party politician, the first Greek woman to head a major political party in Greece (1993-2015); currently MP for Athens B

1945 – Svetlana Tširkova born, Soviet fencer, two Olympic gold medals for team foil for the 1968 and 1972 games, and a bronze medal in the women’s individual foil at the 1969 World Championships

1946 – Gram Parsons is born, singer-songwriter (‘The Byrds’)



1947 – Peter Noone born, English singer-songwriter (‘Herman’s Hermits’)



1952 – Vandana Shiva born, Indian scholar, environmental activist, food sovereignty advocate, and anti-globalization author; noted for her book Vedic Ecology

1955 – The rebuilt Vienna State Opera, which had been destroyed during WWII, reopens with a performance of Beethoven’s Fidelio



1956 – Britain and France land troops in Egypt during fighting between Egyptian and Israeli forces at the Suez Canal

1958 – Mo Gaffney born, American comedian, writer and activist; co-wrote and starred with Kathy Najimy in two off-Broadway ‘Kathy and Mo’ shows shows, which both won Obie Awards; activist for same-sex marriage

1963 – Archaeologists find remains of a Viking settlement at L’Anse aux Meadows, Newfoundland

1967 – In Moscow, the Ostankino Tower opens, the world’s tallest free-standing structure for the next nine years

1974 – Ella T. Grasso was elected governor of Connecticut, the first U.S. woman elected as a state governor without succeeding her husband

1986 – The White House reaffirms the U.S. ban on the sale of weapons to Iran

1987 – Black South African Goban Mbeki is released after serving 24 years in Robben Island prison, where he was serving a life sentence for treason against the white minority government of South Africa



1994 – Ronald Reagan announces he has Alzheimer’s disease

1998 – Henry Hyde, chair of the House Judiciary Committee , sends a 10- page letter asking President Bill Clinton to “admit or deny,” in writing and under oath, 81 assertions in the Monica Lewinsky matter, including whether he gave “false and misleading testimony” under oath. The Republican’s dismal showing in the election confirmed the public’s growing impatience with the months of hearings

1999 – A federal judge declared Microsoft Corporation a monopoly

2006 – Saddam Hussein, former president of Iraq, and his co-defendants are sentenced to death in the al-Dujail trial for their roles in the 1982 massacre of 148 Shi’a Muslims



2007 – The end of Daylight Savings Time * in the U.S is changed from the last weekend of October to the first weekend of November – FALL BACK!

2013 – India launches its first interplanetary probe, the Mars Orbiter Mission

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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
This entry was posted in History, Holidays, On This Day and tagged , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

6 Responses to ON THIS DAY: November 5, 2017

  1. Malisha says:

    Wow! Because I lost my watch recently, I had only electronic time-keepers (computer, phone) and I did not even notice the end of daylight savings because I didn’t have to change anything. Weird. I feel out of touch with time itself.

    • wordcloud9 says:

      Funny how they say “you can’t turn back time” and yet we do it every year.

      • Malisha says:

        When my kid was 7, I was trying to explain daylight savings to him and I gave him the reasons we do the “forward and backward” adjustments. He was scandalized, and insisted that we couldn’t “just mess with TIME; I mean, time is TIME so what right do we have to mess with it just to be convenient for US?” Then I explained that calling it a certain “time” on the clock was simply an agreed-upon convention. This threw him. He stopped walking (we were on the way home from his school) and took a kind of fighting stance, very “resistant” looking. “WAIT A MINUTE!” he said, “WHAT EXACTLY IS TIME?” Of course I was stumped and tried to answer, inadequately, but I ended with, “What we call ‘the time of day’ is not actually TIME, it is just the way we talk about TIME.” He pointed and frowned, declaring: “THAT is something like a superstition!”

  2. I had no idea all that stuff happened today….
    Reagan said he had Alzheimer’s, Monopoly became a bestseller of Parker Brothers, a federl court calling Microsoft a monopoly, wow….you sure know your pop culture.

    • wordcloud9 says:

      Hi christy –

      LOL – What I am is a good researcher – it’s all there, if you know where to look. Thanks for reading!

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