ON THIS DAY: November 21, 2017

November 21st is

Human-Animal Relationship Awareness Day *

National Gingerbread Cookie Day

World Hello Day *

World Television Day *

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MORE! Voltaire, Marilyn French and Salvador Dali, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Bosnia & Herzegovina –
Framework Agreement Day

Canada – Red Mitten Day
(Support for Canadian Olympians)

Czech Republic – Praha:
Kino Aero Film Festival

Serbia – Synaxis of Archangel Michailo

United States – Alaska: Alascattalo Day
(Humorous mascot day)

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On This Day in HISTORY

164 BCE – Judas Maccabeus restores the Temple in Jerusalem during the Maccabean Revolt against the Seleucid Empire, commemorated by the Jewish festival of Hanukkah



1631 – Catharina Questiers born, Dutch poet and dramatist, one of the few successful women poets in late 17th century Holland; The Battle for the Laurels was a joint publication with poet Cornelia van der Veer of their friendly contest – paired poems to see who most deserved the poetic laurels – which was declared a tie

1694 – Voltaire (François-Marie Arouet) born, French Enlightenment author, historian and philosopher; advocate for civil liberties, especially freedom of religion and speech, and separation of church and state



1718 – Friedrich Wilhelm Marpurg born, German composer and musicologist



1783 – Jean-François Pilâtre de Rozier and François Laurent d’Arlandes, make the first untethered hot air balloon flight, over Paris

1787 – Samuel Cunard born, Canadian shipping magnate, founder of the Cunard Line

Cunard steam-ship Servia, 1881


1789 – North Carolina ratifies the U. S. Constitution, is admitted as 12th U.S. state

1835 – Hetty Green born, American businesswoman and financier, called the “Witch of Wall Street,” the richest woman in America, and a terrible miser; her daughter was dressed in cast-off clothes, and Green refused to pay a doctor when her teenaged son’s leg was broken in an accident, which later had to be amputated

1852 – Francisco Tárrega born, Spanish composer and guitarist



1877 – Thomas Edison announces his invention of the phonograph

1897 – Molly Steimer born in Tsarist Russia, anarchist- trade unionist in the U.S. arrested in 1918 for printing and distributing leaflets denouncing U.S. military action against the Bolshevik revolution, convicted under the Sedition Act and sentenced to prison, but deported to Russia in 1921. Protested against Bolshevik persecutions of Russian anarchists, and deported to Germany. When Hitler came to power, she fled, and spent the rest of her life in Mexico

1898 – Rene Magritte born, Belgian Surrealist artist

Golconde, by René Magritte


1902 – Isaac Bashevis Singer born in Poland, Jewish American immigrant author and playwright, who wrote in Yiddish, 1978 Nobel Prize for Literature



1904 – Coleman Hawkins, American Jazz/Bebop saxophone and clarinet player



1905 – Albert Einstein’s “Does the Inertia of a Body Depend Upon Its Energy Content?” is published in the journal Annalen der Physik. It reveals the relationship between energy and mass, which leads to the mass–energy equivalence formula E = mc²

1908 – Elizabeth George Speare born, American children’s author, known for historical novels, including two Newbery medal winners, The Witch of Blackbird Pond and The Bronze Bow; 1989 Laura Ingalls Wilder Medal for contributions to children’s literature



1922 – Rebecca Latimer Felton (D-GA) takes oath of office as first female U.S. Senator, but only serves 24 hours

1927 – Columbine Mine massacre: Colorado state police fire on a group of unarmed striking coal miners. Six strikers were killed, and dozens were injured

1929 – Marilyn French born, American radical feminist author of nonfiction and fiction; Beyond Power: On Women, Men and Morals; From Eve to Dawn: A History of Women; best known for her novel, The Women’s Room



1929 – In Paris, Spanish surrealist Salvador Dali has his first art exhibit


Girl from the Back by Salvador Dali – 1925


1932 – Dame Beryl Bainbridge born, English author; won the Whitbread Prize twice, for Injury Time (1977), and Every Man for Himself (1996)

1934 – Cole Porter’s musical “Anything Goes” opens on Broadway



1937 – Marlo Thomas born, American actress-producer, known for award-winning feminist children’s franchise, Free to Be… You and Me



1940 – Natalia Makarova born, Russian prima ballerina absolute, and choreographer



1942 – The Alaska Highway (aka ALCAN Highway) opening ceremony at Soldier’s Summit, but it’s mostly restricted to military and supply vehicles until after WWII



1945 – The United Auto Workers strike 92 General Motors plants in 50 cities to back up worker demands for a 30-percent raise; 113 days later, they settled for an 18 1/2 cent an hour raise to $1.24 an hour [17.5 percent], paid vacations, and overtime

1953 – British Natural History Museum authorities announces that “Piltdown Man,” “found” in 1912, initially hailed as a fossilized partial hominid skull, was a hoax

1954 – Fiona Pitt-Kettle born, British poet, novelist, travel writer, anthology editor and freelance journalist; Sky Ray Lully, The Misfortunes of Nigel, The Pan Principle

1959 – American disc jockey Alan Freed, who popularized the term “rock and roll” music, is fired from WABC-AM radio for refusing to deny allegations he took bribes during the recording industry ‘payola’ investigation

1963 –U.S. President John F. Kennedy and the First Lady arrive in San Antonio TX, to begin a two-day tour of Texas that ends in his assassination in Dallas

1964 – The Verrazano–Narrows Bridge between Staten Island and Brooklyn opens to traffic, the world’s longest bridge span (1964 until 1981)

Verrazano–Narrows Bridge – Opening Day


1969 – U.S. President Richard Nixon and Japanese Premier Eisaku Satō agree in Washington, D.C., on the return of Okinawa to Japanese control in 1972, with the U.S.  retaining its rights to bases on the island, as long as they are nuclear-free

1973 – World Hello Day * is started by Brian and Michael McCormack to help make the world a more peaceful place, now celebrated in 180 countries – try saying hello with a welcoming smile to ten people today

1977 – Yolande James born, Canadian Quebec Liberal Party politician; first black female and youngest Member of the National Assembly of Quebec; first black cabinet member in Quebec, as Minister of Immigration and Cultural Communities & Minister Of Family

1977 – New Zealand  announces that it will have two official national anthems, “God Save the Queen” and “God Defend New Zealand” by Thomas Bracken (lyrics) and John Joseph Woods (music), both being of equal status as appropriate to the occasion



1978 – Prince’s second single “Just As Long As We’re Together” is released



1980 – An estimated 83 million viewers tuned in to find out “who shot J.R.” on the CBS prime-time soap opera Dallas. Kristin was the character that fired the gun

1983 – Los Angeles movie theatres premiere Michael Jackson’s “Thriller” video



1985 – Former U.S. Navy intelligence analyst Jonathan Jay Pollard is arrested, accused of spying for Israel – he would be convicted and sentenced to life in prison

1986 – U.S. Attorney General Meese is asked to conduct an inquiry of the Iran arms sales.  National Security Council member Oliver North and his secretary start to shred documents implicating them in the sale of weapons to Iran and channeling the proceeds to help fund the Contra rebels in Nicaragua

1989 – Proceedings of Britain’s House of Commons are televised live for the first time

1992 – After a damning story appears in the Washington Post, U.S. Senator Bob Packwood (R-OR) issues an apology but refuses to discuss allegations that he had made unwelcome sexual advances or assaulted 10 women, chiefly former staffers and lobbyists, between 1969 and 1992: “I’m apologizing for the conduct that it was alleged that I did.” Eventually over a dozen more women would come forward

1993 – The U.S. House of Representatives voted against making the District of Columbia the 51st state

1996 – U.N. General Assembly proclaims World Television Day * commemorating first World Television Forum held November 22-23, 1996, at UN Headquarters



1999 – China announces its test-launch of an unmanned space capsule designed for manned spaceflight

2002 – NATO invites Latvia, Estonia, Lithuania, Bulgaria, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia to become members

2013 – A massive protest begins in the Ukraine after President Viktor Yanukovych suspends signing the Ukraine-European Union Association Agreement

2016 – First Human-Animal Relationship Awareness Day * sponsored by the Animals & Society Institute


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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
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