ON THIS DAY: November 22, 2017

November 22nd is

Go For a Ride Day

Humane Society Day *

National Cranberry Day

Start Your Own Country Day *

National Stop the Violence Day *

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MORE! André Gide, Clara Lemlich and  Mr. Rogers, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Germany – Saxony: Buss und Bettag
(Prayer and Repentance)

Lebanon – Independence Day

Oman – National Day

St. Lucia –St. Cecilia Feast of Musicians

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On This Day in HISTORY

1307 – Pope Clement V issues the papal bull Pastoralis Praeeminentiae which instructed all Christian monarchs in Europe to arrest all Knights Templar and seize their properties on behalf of the church. Clement was forced to support the campaign against the Templars by Philip IV of France, who owed them a great deal of money and initiated the first arrests of Templars in October 1307



1574 – Spanish sailor Juan Fernández finds a group of small islands off the coast of Chile, which are now collectively called Archipiélago Juan Fernández. The islands were home to marooned sailor Alexander Selkirk for more than four years (1704-08), which probably inspired Daniel Defoe’s Robinson Crusoe



1699 – Treaty of Preobrazhenskoye signed by Denmark, Russia, Saxony and Poland calling for the partitioning of the Swedish Empire, which launched the Great Northern War, ultimately won by the anti-Swedish alliance

1709 –Franz Benda born, Czech violinist and composer



1710 – German Composer Wilhelm Friedemann Bach born, oldest son of J.S. Bach



1718 – Off North Carolina’s coast, British pirate ‘Blackbeard’ (Edward Teach) is killed during battle with a boarding party led by Royal Navy Lieutenant Robert Maynard

Blackbeard the pirate, with twists of smoking gunpowder added to his hair


1744 – Abigail Adams born, Second U.S. First Lady and women’s rights advocate



1819 –Mary Ann Evans born, better known as George Eliot, British author



1869 – André Gide born, French novelist, essayist, and dramatist, Nobel Prize laureate



1869 – In Dumbarton, Scotland, the clipper sailing ship Cutty Sark is launched, one of the last ever built, and the only surviving one today

1880 – Lillian Russell, American actress-singer, makes her NYC vaudeville debut

1899 – The Marconi Wireless Company of America is incorporated in New Jersey

1899 – Hoagy Carmichael born, American composer, pianist and bandleader




1900 – Helena Pantaleoni born, Polish-American actress, humanitarian and co-founder of the U.S. Fund for UNICEF; grandmother of Téa Leoni



1906 – The International Radio Telegraphic Convention adopts ‘SOS’ distress signal

1901 – Joaquín Rodrigo born, Spanish pianist and composer



1906 – The SOS distress signal is adopted at the International Radio Telegraphic Convention in Berlin

1909 –  The “Uprising of the 20,000,” aka the New York Shirtwaist Strike, begins when Clara Lemlich, tired of hearing male speakers talk about the disadvantages to striking, takes the podium, moving that the shirtwaist workers strike. She receives a standing ovation and two days later thousands of workers walk off their jobs



1910 – Arthur F. Knight patents a steel shaft to replace wood shafts in golf clubs

1912 – Doris Duke born, American heiress, horticulturalist, advocate for wildlife conservation and historic building preservation; most of her over $1 billion fortune was put into a charitable Foundation which funds medical research, ecology, and prevention of cruelty to children and animals

1913 –Benjamin Britten born, British Composer



1913 – Cecilia Muñoz-Palma born, Filipino jurist, first woman appointed to the Supreme Court of the Philippines (1973-1978); after leaving the Supreme Court, she became a leading figure in the political opposition to Ferdinand Marcos; chair of the 1986 Constitutional Commission that drafted the 1987 Constitution



1927 – Carl J. Eliason patents the snowmobile

1928 – In Paris, the premier performance of Ravel’s Boléro to great acclaim



1935 – First trans-Pacific airmail flight begins in Alameda CA; the flying boat ‘China Clipper’ leaves for Manila, carrying over 110,000 pieces of mail



1943 – U.S. tennis champion Billie Jean King is born

1943 – In Cairo, U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Chinese leader Chiang Kai-shek meet to discuss the defeat of Japan

1945 – Elaine Weyuker born, American computer scientist, engineer; elected to the National Academy of Science; received the Harlan D. Mills Award from IEEE Computer Society for leading research on rigorous software testing, and the Association for Computing Machinery’s 2010 Presidential Award for “her tireless efforts in the development and growth of the ACM Women’s Council”

1947 – Valerie Wilson Wesley born, African-American novelist and children’s book author; noted for the Tamara Hale mystery series



1954 – Humane Society * is founded by journalist Fred Myers and Helen Jones, Larry Andrews, and Marcia Glaser, to lobby for humane slaughter, regulation of the use of  animals in laboratory experimentation, and in later years, exposing dog trafficking, regulation of pet shops, and ending puppy mills

1961 – The film of A Man for All Seasons opens in New York City



1963 – U.S. President John F. Kennedy is assassinated while riding in a motorcade with Texas Governor John B. Connally who is seriously wounded. Vice-President Lyndon B. Johnson is sworn in as the 36th U.S. President



1965 – The musical Man of La Mancha opens on Broadway



1967 – The U.N. Security Council approves resolution 242 calling for Israel to withdraw from territories it captured in the Six Day War, and for adversaries to recognize Israel’s right to exist

1970 – Operação Mar Verde/‘Operation Green Sea’ an amphibious attack on Guinea (former French colony) by Portugal fails to overthrow the government of Guinea; or capture the leader of the African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde (Portuguese colony struggling for independence) or destroy its military assets; but does succeed in rescuing Portuguese POWs taken during the Guinea-Bissau War of Independence. Portugal is condemned by the U.N. Security Council for invading the nation of Guinea, and also called upon Portugal to respect the rights to self-determination and independence of Portuguese Guinea (Guinea-Bissau since 1973)

1972 – U.S. President Nixon lifts ban on American travel to Cuba, in place since 1963

1974 – The U.N. General Assembly gives the Palestine Liberation Organization observer status

1975 – Juan Carlos I proclaimed King of Spain when General Francisco Franco dies

1977 – Passenger service on the Concorde begins between NYC and Europe



1983 – Bundestag approves NATO deploying U.S. nuclear missiles in West Germany

1984 – Fred Rogers (Mr. Rogers’ Neighborhood) presents one of his iconic sweaters to the Smithsonian



1985 – 38,648 immigrants become U.S. citizens in largest swearing-in ceremony yet

1986 – Attorney General Meese’s office discovers a memo in Colonel Oliver North’s office that showed money was to be sent to the Contras from profits of weapons sales to Iran

1988 – Pink Floyd releases The Delicate Sound of Thunder



1989 – Lebanese President Rene Moawad is assassinated three weeks after taking office when a bomb explodes next to his motorcade in West Beirut

1993 – Start Your Own Country Day * – I couldn’t find who came up with this, but wiki’s ‘How to Start Your Own Country’ page is very entertaining – from buying your own island to creating a virtual country in cyberspace, they cover all the basics –http://www.wikihow.com/Start-Your-Own-Country


map of Neverland


2004 – Tens of thousands of demonstrators jam downtown Kiev, denouncing Ukraine’s presidential runoff election as fraudulent and chanting the name of reform candidate Viktor Yushchenko

2005 – Angela Merkel elected as Germany’s first female chancellor

2012 – Ceasefire begins between Hamas and Israel in the Gaza Strip after eight days of violence and 150 deaths

2013 – Discovery of Siats meekerorum, a dinosaur skeleton over 30 feet long found in eastern Utah, is announced


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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
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