ON THIS DAY: November 23, 2017

November 23rd is

National Espresso Day

Fibonacci Day *

National Jukebox Day *

International Thespian Day *

Turkey-Free Thanksgiving

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MORE! John Milton, Enrico Caruso and Corazon Aquino, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Australia – Melbourne:
Face the Music Festival

Georgia – St. George of Iberia

Japan – Kinro Kansha no Hi
(Labor-Thanksgiving Day)

United States & U.S. territories –
Thanksgiving Day

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On This Day in HISTORY

534 BC – Thespis of Icaria is the first recorded actor to portray a character onstage (see 2014 entry)


Theatre of Dionysus Eleuthereus in Athens, photo by xoxallie


1174 – Saladin peacefully enters Damascus, at the request of its governor, and adds it to his domain

1202 – The Fibonacci sequence, a series of numbers where a number is the sum of the two numbers before it, is named after Italian mathematician Fibonacci (Leonardo of Pisa). His 1202 book Liber Abaci introduces the sequence to Western European mathematics, but the sequence was known earlier as Virahanka numbers in Indian mathematics. November 23 is celebrated as Fibonacci Day * because the date written in the mm/dd format (11/23), forms a Fibonacci sequence: 1,1,2,3



1553 – Prospero Alpini born, Italian physician and botanist, who discovered the dioecious (having male and female reproductive organs in separate plants) nature of some plants by studying date palms in Egypt

1616 – John Wallis born, English clergyman and mathematician who contributed to the development of infinitesimal calculus; chief cryptographer for Parliament (1643-1689)

1644 – John Milton publishes Areopagitica, a pamphlet against censorship



1687 – Jean Baptiste Senaillé born, French violinist and composer



1733 – Start of a slave insurrection on St. John, Danish West Indies (U.S. Virgin Islands)

1765 – Frederick County MD repudiates the British Stamp Act

1835 – Henry Burden patents the horseshoe manufacturing machine

1868 – Mary Brewster Hazelton born, American portrait painter


The Letter, 1914 – by Mary Brewster Hazelton


1876 – Corrupt Tammany Hall leader Boss Tweed (William Magear Tweed) is delivered to authorities in New York City after being captured in Spain

1876 – Manuel de Falla born, Spanish pianist and composer



1883 – José Clemente Orozco born, Mexican painter, notable for his political murals



1889 – The first Jukebox * is installed at San Francisco’s Palais Royale Saloon


An early example of a Jukebox


1890 – King William III of the Netherlands dies without a male heir – a law is passed to allow his daughter Princess Wilhelmina to succeed him

1892 – Erté is born, Russian-French illustrator and designer


Wings of Victory, by Erté


1903 – Enrico Caruso makes his U.S. debut at the NY Met in Rigoletto



1906 – Elisabet Alver born, Estonian poet; member of the Arbujad (“Soothsayers”) an influential poet’s group; poetry collection,  Tähetund (“Starry Hour”)

1910 – Johan Alfred Ander becomes the last person to be executed in Sweden

1914 – Final withdrawal of U.S. forces from Veracruz Mexico, occupied 7 months earlier after the Tampico Affair causes a diplomatic rift between the two countries

1915 – Anne Burns born, British aeronautical engineer and glider pilot

1916 – P.K. Page born, Canadian poet, author, and playwright; her poem “Planet Earth” was read in 2001 as part of the UN celebration of the International Year of Dialogue Among Civilizations



1923 – Gloria Whelan born, American poet, short story writer, and novelist known primarily for children’s and young adult fiction; 2000 National Book Award for Young People’s Literature for Homeless Bird

1924 – Edwin Hubble’s discovery that the Andromeda nebula is actually another island universe far outside our own is first published in the New York Times

1924 – “Jo Jo” D’Angelo born, South Bend Blue Sox left-fielder; one of the 60 original players of the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League

1928 – Jerry Bock born, American musical theatre composer; best known for Tony-Award-winner Fiddler on the Roof, created with partner Sheldon Harnick

1934 – An Anglo-Ethiopian boundary commission in the Ogaden discovers an Italian garrison at Walwal, well within Ethiopian territory, leading to the Abyssinia Crisis

1936 – LIFE magazine is reborn as a successful photo magazine


 

The Fort Peck Dam, LIFE first cover


1943 – WWII: Battle of Tarawa ends with U.S. Forces in control of the Tarawa Atoll during the Gilbert-Marshall Islands campaign in the Pacific

1945 – U.S. wartime rationing of most foods ends

1948 – Dr. Frank G. Back patents the “Zoomar” lens

1946 – Mound Metalcraft changes its name to Tonka Toys Inc.

1955 – Mary Loretta Landrieu born, American politician; U.S. Senator (D-LA 1997-2015); Chair of the Senate Small Business Committee (2009-2014)

1961 – Dominican Republic changes capital’s name Ciudad Trujillo to Santo Domingo

1963 – The BBC broadcasts An Unearthly Child, first episode of the science-fiction television serial of the same name, and the first episode of Doctor Who, now the world’s longest-running science fiction drama

1965 – Jennifer Michael Hecht born, American historian, author, and poet; The End of the Soul: Scientific Modernity, Atheism, and Anthropology in France, 1876-1936

1970 – United American Indians of New England organize a National Day of Mourning for Native Americans, held annually on Thanksgiving

1970 – George Harrison’s “My Sweet Lord” is released in the U.S.



1971 – The People’s Republic of China first seated on UN Security Council

1972 –The musical “Pippin” opens at the Imperial Theater on Broadway

1976 – Apneist Jacques Mayol is the first man to reach depth of 100 m undersea without breathing equipment

1979 – In Dublin, Ireland, Thomas McMahon is sentenced to life imprisonment for the assassination of Earl Mountbatten

1981 – Ronald Reagan signs the top secret National Security Decision Directive 17 (NSDD-17), giving the CIA authority to recruit and support Contra rebels in Nicaragua

1986 – In Manila, Philippine president Corazon Aquino dismisses Defense Minister Enrile after discovering officers loyal to him plan a coup. All 25 members of her cabinet tender their resignations, and she will decide which ones to accept in the following week



1992 – IBM introduces the first smartphone, Simon, at the Las Vegas NV COMDEX

1993 – Rachel Whiteread wins both the £20,000 Turner Prize for Best British modern artist and the £40,000 K Foundation art award for the worst artist of the year


One Hundred Spaces, by Rachel Whiteread


1998 – The tobacco industry signs the biggest U.S. civil settlement, a $206-billion deal to resolve remaining state claims for treating sick smokers

1998 – A U.S. federal judge rejects a Virginia county’s effort to block pornography on library computers, calling the attempt unconstitutional

2001 – The Convention on Cybercrime is signed in Budapest, Hungary

2005 – Ellen Johnson Sirleaf elected as President of Liberia, the first black woman to be elected as a head of state



2011 – Arab Spring: After 11 months of protests in Yemen, President Ali Abdullah Saleh signs a transfer of power to the vice president, in exchange for legal immunity

2014 – The first International Thespian Day * (see entry for 534 BC)

2015 – Blue Origin’s New Shepard space vehicle is the first rocket to fly to space and then return to Earth in a controlled, vertical landing


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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
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