ON THIS DAY: November 27, 2017

November 27th is

Bavarian Cream Pie Day

International CARE Day *

Pins and Needles Day *

National Statistics Day *

Cider Monday *

Cyber Monday *

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MORE! Anders Celsius, Fanny Kemble and James Agee, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

New Zealand – Chatham Islands
Provincial Anniversary

United States – San Francisco CA:
Bay Area Generations Open Mic Fest

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On This Day in HISTORY

AD 25 – Emperor Guangwu of the Eastern Han Dynasty declares Luoyang as his capital


Emperor Guangwu, depicted by the Tang artist Yan Liben (600–673 AD)


176 – Emperor Marcus Aurelius grants his son Commodus the rank of “Imperator” and makes him Supreme Commander of the Roman legions

1701 – Anders Celsius born, Swedish inventor of the Celsius thermometer



1703 – The first Eddystone Lighthouse, at the border between Cornwall and Devon, is destroyed in the Great Storm of 1703 which began on the previous day, hitting England’s southern and central coasts

1743 – George Frideric Handel’s Dettingen Te Deum debuts in the Chapel Royal of St James’s Palace, London before King George II,  in honor of a victory at the Battle of Dettingen over the French army



1779 – The College of Pennsylvania becomes the University of Pennsylvania, the first legally recognized university in America

1807 – The Portuguese Royal Family leaves Lisbon to escape from Napoleonic troops

1809 – Fanny Kemble born, British actress and author. On an American tour, she met and married Pierce M. Butler in 1832, who inherited three of his family’s plantations on Butler Island in Georgia. In the winter of 1838-39, she wrote her horrified impressions in her journal, but Butler forbid her to publish it, threatening to deny her access to her daughters, and he grew increasingly abusive. When she finally left him, he filed for divorce, assuming sole custody of their daughters, as was the practice in divorces under American law at the time. Kemble resumed touring to earn her living, and in 1863, she published her anti-slavery Journal of a Residence on a Georgian Plantation in 1838-1839; in 1877, she returned to England, where she became friends with the writer Henry James, and published Notes on Some of Shakespeare’s Plays (1882)



1810 – Theodore Hook bet his friend Samuel Beazley that he could transform any house in London into the most talked-about address in a week, which he achieved by sending out thousands of letters in the name of Mrs Tottenham, who lived at 54 Berners Street, requesting deliveries, visitors, and assistance. The house was besieged by chimney sweeps, delivery vans, doctors, lawyers, clergymen, even the Lord Mayor of London and the Duke of York, while traffic in the area became hopelessly snarled

1835 – James Pratt and John Smith are hanged in London, the last two people executed for sodomy in England

1839 – National Statistics Day * – In Boston MA, the American Statistical Association is founded

1868 – Battle of Washita River: Lieutenant Colonel George Armstrong Custer leads an attack on Cheyenne living on reservation land

1874 – Charles A. Beard born, influential American historian who wrote hundreds of monographs, textbooks and studies on history and political science; An Economic Interpretation of the Constitution of the United States (1913)



1889 – Curtis P. Brady is issued the first permit to drive an automobile through NYC’s Central Park

1894 – Katherine Milhous born, American painter-illustrator and author; noted for her graphic designs for the Works Progress Administration (WPA) during the depression; won 1951 Caldecott Medal for picture book illustration for The Egg Tree



1895 – At the Swedish–Norwegian Club in Paris, Alfred Nobel signs his last will and testament, setting aside his estate to establish the Nobel Prize after he dies



1896 – Also sprach Zarathoustra by Richard Strauss debuts in Frankfurt Germany



1900 – Jovette Bernier born, Canadian journalist, novelist, poet, and scriptwriter/radio show host in the 1930s for Bonjour madame and Quelles nouvelles

1901 – The U.S. Army War College is established in Washington DC

1909 – James Agee born, American novelist, poet, screenwriter and influential film critic; noted for film scripts for The African Queen (1951) and The Night of the Hunter (1955), and the novel A Death in the Family, which won a 1958 Pulitzer Prize



1910 – New York’s Pennsylvania Station opens


NYC’s Pennsylvania Station – 1911 photo by George P. Hall


1912 – Spain declares a protectorate over the north shore of Morocco

1917 – In response to public outcry and jailers’ inability to stop the National Woman’s Party picketers’ hunger strikes, the government begins unconditionally releasing the women protesters

1921 – Dr. Dora Dougherty Strother born, American pilot with WWII Woman Airforce Service Pilots (WASP) and a B-29 Superfortress demonstration pilot; she earned a PHD in Aviation Education from NYU in 1955, a member of the Ninety-Nines, and President of the Whirly-Girls (1979-1981); received the Amelia Earhart Award for academic achievement, and inducted into the Military Aviation Hall of Fame



1924 – In New York City, the first Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade is held

1932 – Benigno Aquino Jr born, Filipino opposition leader to the regime of Ferdinand Marcos; married to Corazon Aquino; assassinated at the Manila airport in 1983, sparking massive protests

1937 – Opening night of the ILGWU-produced play Pins and Needles on Broadway, (International Ladies Garment Workers Union) written by Harold Rome, which ran from 1937 to 1940, and was revived in 1978



1937 – Gail Sheehy born, American author and journalist; she covered Robert Kennedy’s presidential campaign and Woodstock for New York magazine; her book Passages (1976) was on the New Times Bestseller List for three years, and was  named one of the ten most influential books of our times by the Library of Congress



1939 – Maxwell Anderson’s play Key Largo opens in New York

1942 – The French Navy at Toulon scuttles its ships and submarines to keep them out of the hands of the Nazis

1942 – Jimi Hendrix born, American rock guitarist, and singer-songwriter



1943 – Nicole Brossard born, a leading French-Canadian poet and novelist; Mécanique jongleuse (Day-Dream Mechanics) and Double Impression both won the Governor General’s Award for Poetry

1945 – CARE (originally ‘Cooperative for American Remittances to Europe’) founded to send food relief to Europe after World War II – International CARE Day *

1951 – Kathryn Bigelow born, American director, producer and screenwriter; first woman to win the Academy Award for Best Director, in 2009, for The Hurt Locker, which also won the Oscar for Best Picture



1954 – Alger Hiss is released from prison after serving 44 months for perjury

1963 – Strasbourg Patent Convention, a multilateral treaty on patent law, is signed

1965 – The Pentagon tells U.S. President Johnson it will need an increase from 120,000 to 400,000 troops in order to win the war in Vietnam

1967 – The Beatles’ Magical Mystery Tour album is released in the U.S.



1971 – The Soviet space program’s Mars 2 orbiter releases a descent module which malfunctions and crashes, but is the first man-made object to reach the surface of Mars

1973 –  U.S. Senate votes 92–3 to confirm Gerald Ford as Vice President to replace Spiro Agnew, who resigned because he faced tax fraud and bribery charges. The House confirms Ford 387–35 on December 6

1978 – In San Francisco, Mayor George Moscone and openly gay City Supervisor Harvey Milk are assassinated by former supervisor Dan White



1985 – The British House of Commons approve the Anglo-Irish accord giving Dublin a consulting role in the governing of British-ruled Northern Ireland

1991 – The UN Security Council adopts Security Council Resolution 721, to establish  peacekeeping operations in Yugoslavia

1999 – The Labour Party assumes the reins of New Zealand’s government, and Helen Clark becomes the first elected female Prime Minister in New Zealand’s history



2001 – The Hubble Space Telescope detects a hydrogen atmosphere on the extrasolar planet Osiris, the first known atmosphere on an extrasolar planet

2002 – UN specialists begin a new round of weapons inspections in Iraq

2006 – The Canadian House of Commons approves a motion tabled by Prime Minister Stephen Harper recognizing the Québécois as a nation within Canada

2008 – The ocean liner Queen Elizabeth 2 (QE2) was taken out of service after more than 30 years



2015 – An armed anti-abortion extremist invades a Planned Parenthood facility in Colorado Springs, CO, shoots members of the Colorado Springs Police Department, fatally wounding one officer, killing two civilians, and wounding five other officers and four civilians. After five hours, SWAT teams crash vehicles into the lobby and the shooter surrenders

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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
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