ON THIS DAY: November 28, 2017

November 28th is

French Toast Day

Red Planet Day *

World Day of Giving *
Giving Tuesday

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MORE!  William Blake, Rita Mae Brown and Alexander Godunov, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Albania – Independence Day

Argentina – Día de la Soberanía Nacional

Chad – Republic Day

Republic of the Congo – Jour de la République

East Timor – Independence Proclamation Day

Kenya – Presidential Inauguration Day

Kosovo – Day of Albanians

Mauritania – Independence Day

Panamá – Independencia de Panamá de España

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On This Day in HISTORY

1443 – Albanian Gjergj Kastrioti, known as Skanderbeg, leads his forces in liberating  Krujë in central Albania from the Ottoman Empire, and raises the Albanian flag

1520 – An expedition under the command of Ferdinand Magellan passes through what is now called the Strait of Magellan, between South America and Tierra del Fuego

Map of South America from 1600 by Matthias Quad, with detail of the Strait of Magellan


1582 – In Stratford-upon-Avon, William Shakespeare and Anne Hathaway pay a £40 bond for their marriage license

1632 – Jean-Baptiste Lully born, Italian-French composer



1660 – At Gresham College, twelve men, including Christopher Wren, Robert Boyle, John Wilkins, and Sir Robert Moray decide to found what is later known as the Royal Society

1757 – William Blake born, major English poet, mystical philosopher and painter



1785 – The first Treaty of Hopewell is signed between U.S. representative Benjamin Hawkins and the Cherokee, laying out a western boundary for American settlement. The treaty gave rise to the sardonic Cherokee phrase of ‘Talking Leaves’ since they claimed that when the treaties no longer suited the Americans, they blew away like talking leaves

1805 – John Lloyd Stephens born, American archaeologist and explorer; his book, Incidents of Travel in Yucatan, became a best seller. This account of his exploration, accompanied by architect and draftsman Frederick Catherwood, of Mesoamerican sites, including Palenque, Quiriguá and Uxmal, raised public interest in ancient Mayan culture


Palenque, by Frederick Catherwood


1811 – Beethoven’s Piano Concerto No. 5 in E-flat major, Op. 73, premieres at the Gewandhaus in Leipzig



1814 – The Times of London becomes the first newspaper to be produced on a steam-powered printing press, built by the German team of Koenig & Bauer

1820 – Friedrich Engels born, German-English philosopher, economist, and journalist; co-author with Karl Marx of The Manifesto of the Communist Party (1848)

1821 – Panama Independence Day: Panama separates from Spain and joins Gran Colombia

1829 – Anton Rubinstein born, Russian pianist, composer, and conductor



1837 – John Wesley Hyatt born, American inventor; developed commercially successful nitrocellulose, a substitute for ivory, to make billiard balls, piano keys and false teeth

1843 – Ka Lā Hui (Hawaiian Independence Day): The Kingdom of Hawaii is officially recognized by the United Kingdom and France as an independent nation

1853 – Helen Magill White born, American academic; first woman to earn a PhD in languages in the U.S (in Greek); director of the Howard Collegiate Institute (1883-1887); and taught at Evelyn College for Women, women’s annex to Princeton University

1861 – Adina De Zavala born, American historian, teacher, author and Texas history preservationist; her History and Legends of the Alamo and Other Missions In and Around San Antonio (1917) highlights the role of women and minorities in the history of both the Alamo and Texas

1866 – Henry Bacon born, American architect; designer of the Lincoln Memorial


One of Henry Bacon’s early sketches for the Lincoln Memorial


1881 – Organizational meeting held to form Association of Collegiate Alumnae, predecessor of American Association of University Women (AAUW)

1893 – The first New Zealand general election in which women can vote

1895 – The first American automobile race takes place over the 54 miles from Chicago’s Jackson Park to Evanston, Illinois. Frank Duryea wins in approximately 10 hours

1895 – Jose Iturbi born, Spanish pianist



1903 – Alice Cook born, labor educator, increased union representation of textile workers and CIO, taught at Cornell University 1952-72, established Cornell’s Department of Women’s Studies

1904 – Nancy Mitford born, English satiric novelist, essayist, and social commentator



1905 – Irish nationalist Arthur Griffith founds Sinn Féin as a political party with the main aim of establishing a dual monarchy in Ireland

1908 – Claude Lévi-Strauss is born, Belgian-French anthropologist and ethnologist



1909 – Sergei Rachmaninoff makes the debut performance of his Piano Concerto No. 3, considered one of the most technically challenging piano concertos in the standard classical repertoire



1912 – Albania declares its independence from the Ottoman Empire

1917 – The Estonian Provincial Assembly declares itself the sovereign power of Estonia

1919 – American-born Lady Nancy Astor elected as the first woman totake her seat in the British House of Commons (Countess Markievics was elected earlier, but as a member of the Irish Sinn Féin, did not take her seat)



1924 – Johanna Döbereiner born a German-Czech, became a Brazilian citizen in 1956; agronomist whose studied Azospirillum and other bacteria to improve the soil, and played an important role in Brazil’s soybean production; 1989 UNESCO Science Prize

1925 – The Grand Ole Opry begins broadcasting in Nashville, Tennessee, as the WSM Barn Dance

1929 – Berry Gordy, Jr. born, American songwriter and producer, the founder of Motown Records

1943 – Randy Newman born, American singer-songwriter and pianist



1944 – Rita Mae Brown, American novelist, screenwriter, feminist and LGBT rights activist; known for her first novel Rubyfruit Jungle, and Mrs. Murphy mystery series



1944 – The movie musical Meet Me in St. Louis opens in New York



1947 –  Maria Farantouri born, Greek singer, activist and politician; recorded protest songs during the Greek military junta (1967-1974); elected to the Greek Parliament representing the Panhellenic Socialist Movement (PASOK – 1989-1993)

1949 – Alexander Godunov born, Russian Bolshoi Premier danseur who defected to the U.S. in 1979; danced with the American Ballet Theatre (1979-1982)



1950 – Russell Alan Hulse born, American physicist and astronomer, Nobel Prize laureate

1953 – A strike of photogravers shuts down New York’s newspapers for 11 days

1953 – Helen De Michiel born, American filmmaker and multimedia director-producer; documentaries include Turn Here, Sweet Corn (1990), The Gender Chip Project (2006) and Lunch Love Community (2014)

1956 – Fiona Armstrong born, Lady MacGregor and currently Lord Lieutenant of Dumfries, Scottish newspaper/television journalist and columnist; has also made over 20 films on Scottish clan history

1958 – Chad, the Republic of the Congo, and Gabon become autonomous republics within the French Community

1960 – Mauritania becomes independent of France

1962 – Jon Stewart born, American comedian, actor, and television host



1964 – Red Planet Day * commemorates NASA’s spacecraft Mariner-4 launch for a 228 day mission which will bring it within 6,118 miles of Mars in July 1965

 1965 – Vietnam War: In response to U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson’s call for “more flags” in Vietnam, Philippine President-elect Ferdinand Marcos announces he will send troops to help fight in South Vietnam

1966 – Michel Micombero overthrows the monarchy of Burundi and makes himself its first president

1967 – The first pulsar, known as PSR B1919+21, in the constellation of Vulpecula, is discovered by astronomers Jocelyn Bell Burnell and Antony Hewish



1972 – Last executions in Paris: Claude Buffet and Roger Bontems are guillotined at La Santé Prison

1974 – Elton John and John Lennon sing a duet of “I Saw Her Standing There” at New York’s Madison Square Garden. The show was John Lennon’s last stage appearance



1975 – East Timor declares its independence from Portugal

1978 – The Iranian government bans religious marches

1983 – The space shuttle Columbia takes off with the STS-9 Spacelab in its cargo bay

1989 – Prince’s song “Scandalous,” from the Batman Soundtrack, is released



1990 – Margaret Thatcher resigns as Prime Minister of Britain

1994 – Serial killer Jeffrey Dahmer is clubbed to death in prison by a fellow inmate

1994 – Norwegian voters reject European Union membership

1995 – President Clinton signs $6 billion road bill ending federal 55 mph speed limit

2001 – Enron Corporation, once the world’s largest energy trader, collapses when would-be rescuer Dynegy Inc. backs out of an $8.4 billion deal to take it over

2013 – First annual World Day of Giving * (aka Giving Tuesday) is launched by the MORE Project, with focus on ending hunger and children giving more educational opportunities 

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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
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