ON THIS DAY: January 3, 2018

January 3rd is

Chocolate-Covered Cherries Day

Drinking Straw Day *

Festival of Sleep Day

J.R.R. Tolkien Day *

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MORE! Cicero, Lucretia Mott and J.R.R. Tolkien, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Burkina Faso – Revolution Day

Canada – Victoria BC:
Wildlife Tour & High Tea

China – Beijing:
The Bird’s Nest Ice and Snow Festival

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On This Day in HISTORY

106 BC – Marcus Tullius Cicero born, Roman philosopher-lawyer-politician-orator



1496 – References in Leonardo da Vinci’s notebooks suggest that he tested his flying machine. The test was unsuccessful and he didn’t try to fly again for several years

1521 – Pope Leo X’s papal bull Decet Romanum Pontificem excommunicates Martin Luther

1698 – Pietro Metastasio, Italian poet-songwriter-librettist



1749 – Benning Wentworth issues the first of the New Hampshire Grants, leading to the establishment of Vermont

1749 – First issue of Berlingske, Denmark’s oldest continual newspaper, is published

1793 – Lucretia Mott, American Quaker preacher, leading abolitionist, pioneering women’s rights activist, peace advocate, and social reformer; when women were excluded from participation in the 1840 World Anti-Slavery Convention in London, she and Elizabeth Cady Stanton became friends and allies, and first discussed holding a women’s rights convention in America, which led to the Seneca Falls Convention of 1848; Mott was one of the authors of the convention’s Declaration of Sentiments; both her “Sermon to the Medical Students” and Discourse on Woman pamphlet were published and widely read; after she spoke to large crowd in Washington DC which included 30 Congressmen in 1843, she had a personal audience with U.S. President John Tyler, who told her, “I would like to hand Mr. Calhoun over to you,” referring to former vice president and now Senator John C. Calhoun from South Carolina, who was an outspoken defender of slavery



1815 – Austria, the United Kingdom, and France form a secret defensive alliance against Prussia and Russia

1823 – Stephen F. Austin receives a grant of land in Texas from the government of Mexico for colonization in the region of the Brazos River in Texas

1825 – The first U.S. engineering college, Rensselaer School, opens in Troy NY, now known as Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute

1831 – Savitribai Jyotirao Phule born,  Indian social reformer and poet; along with her husband, Jyotirao Phule, improves women’s rights and works to abolish discrimination and unfair treatment of people based on caste in India during British rule; she and her husband co-found the first women’s school at Bhide Wada in Pune

1868 – The Japanese Shogunate abolished; the Meiji dynasty is restored

1871 – Oleomargarine is patented by Henry Bradley

1887 – Helen Parkhurst born, American educator and lecturer; creator of the Dalton plan, designed to achieve a balance between a child’s talents, interests and independence, and the needs of their community; founder of the Dalton School in 1919, a private, coeducational preparatory school which currently has about 1300 students

1888 – Marvin C. Stone patents the first spiral-wound wax-coated paper drinking straw

1892 – J.R.R. Tolkien Day * –  John Ronald Reuel (J.R.R.) Tolkien born, beloved British author of  The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings trilogy



1895 – Boris Lyatoshinsky born , Ukrainian composer-conductor



1905 – Anna May Wong born Wong Liu Tsong, the first Chinese American actress to be recognized as international movie star, who struggled against the stereotypical roles she was given; her career spanned over 40 years, from the early days of silent films to starring briefly in her own television show in 1951, The Gallery of Madame Liu-Tsong, her final film role in Portrait in Black (1960), and her last part, two days before her death, on TV’s Barbara Stanwyck Show; the annual Anna May Wong Award of Excellence named in her honor



1916 –Betty Furness born, actress, consumer advocate, and advertising spokesperson for Westinghouse appliances, who refused to change her name or wear an apron when the sponsor wanted her to appear “more like a housewife,” insisting on wearing her own clothes to retain control over her image; her advertisements with the tag line “You can be sure, if it’s Westinghouse” caused Westinghouse’s appliance sales to soar; in 1967, President Lyndon Johnson appointed her to a two-year term as Special Assistant for Consumer Affairs; from 1969 to 1993, she served as a board member of Consumers Union, the publisher of Consumer Reports; she was the first chair and executive director of the NY State Consumer Protection Board (1970-1971), and head of the NY City Department of Consumer Affairs (1973)

1919 – Herbie Nichols born, American Jazz pianist-composer; “Lady Sings the Blues”


1925 – Benito Mussolini delivers his speech on the kidnapping and murder of socialist leader Giacomo Matteotti to the Italian Chamber of Deputies; he assumes “political responsibility, moral and historical” for events leading up to Matteotti’s murder; Mussolini’s speech marks the beginning of the delegitimization of Parliament and its democratic functions, and his assumption of dictatorial powers

1926 – George H. Martin born, English arranger-composer-musician-producer, the “Fifth Beatle” produced their early recordings, and did much of the orchestration, like adding a string quartet to “Yesterday” 

1933 – Anne Stevenson born in England to American parents, American-English poet and author of studies of Sylvia Plath and Elizabeth Bishop; inaugural winner in 2002 of the Northern Rock Foundation’s Writer’s Award, and the 2007 Lannan Lifetime Achievement Award, whose awards are among the richest literary prizes in the world



1938 – The March of Dimes is established by U.S. President Franklin Delano Roosevelt to fight poliomyelitis; the organization’s original name was the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis

1934 – Carla Anderson Hills born, American lawyer; third woman to serve as a Presidential cabinet officer, and first woman Secretary of Housing and Urban Development, appointed by President Gerald Ford

1944 – Raewyn Connell born as Robert W. Connell, transgender Australian sociologist, known for concept of hegemonic masculinity, part of her gender order theory, defined as a cultural dynamics practice that legitimizes men’s dominant position in society and justifies the subordination of women

1944 – Blanche d’Alpuget born, Australian fiction and non-fiction writer and women’s rights activist; noted for her quartet of historical ‘Lion’ novels about the early Plantagenets

1945 – Stephen Sills born, American singer-songwriter-producer; Crosby, Stills, Nash and Young



1947 – U.S. Congressional proceedings, the opening ceremonies of the 80th Congress, are televised for the first time, to viewers in Washington, Philadelphia and New York

1950 – Linda C. Steiner born, American journalism academic and editor-in-chief of the journal Journalism & Communication Monographs; serves on the editorial board of  Critical Studies in Media Communication; author of The women’s suffrage press, 1850-1900: a cultural analysis (1979)

1951 – Dragnet debuts on NBC-TV



1951 – Dame Linda P. Dobbs born in Sierra Leone, first non-white person appointed to the senior judiciary of England and Wales, serving as a High Court Judge (2004-2013)

1952 – Esperanza Aguirre y Gil de Biedma born, Spanish politician; President of the Autonomous Community of Madrid (2003-2011); President of the Spanish Senate (1999-2002); Minister of Education, Culture and Sport (1996-1999)

1953 – Frances Bolton and her son Oliver, from Ohio, become the first mother-son combination to serve at the same time in the U.S. Congress

1957 – The Hamilton Watch Company introduces the first electric watch

1957 – Fats Domino records “I’m Walkin'”



1959 – In the U.S., Alaska became the 49th state

1961 – The U.S. severs diplomatic relations with Cuba

1962 – Pope John XXIII excommunicates Cuban leader Fidel Castro

1964 – The Beatles make their first appearance on U.S. television in a film clip shown on the Jack Paar Show, performing “She Loves You”

1970 – The Beatles record their last song together, “I Me Mine”



1975 – Danica McKellar born, American television actress (The Wonder Years), mathematician and author of five books on math aimed at middle-school and high school girls to encourage them to study mathematics, including  Math Doesn’t Suck: How to Survive Middle School Math without Losing Your Mind or Breaking a Nail

1988 – Margaret Thatcher becomes the longest-serving British Prime Minister in the 20th century

1990 – Ousted Panamanian leader Manuel Noriega surrenders to U.S. forces, 10 days after taking refuge in the Vatican’s diplomatic mission

1995 – The World Health Organization (WHO) reports the cumulative total of officially reported cases of AIDS has risen to 1,025,073 in 192 countries by the end of 1994

1995 – The U.S. Postal Service raises first-class stamp prices to 32 cents

1998 – China announces that it will spend $27.7 billion to fight erosion and pollution in the Yangtze and Yellow river valleys

2000 – Charles Shultz publishes his last Peanuts comic strip



2004 – NASA’s Spirit rover lands on Mars, and sends back black and white images three hours after landing

2015 – Boko Haram, the Sunni Muslim Jihadist terrorists in Nigeria, kills 2,000 residents of Baga in NE Nigeria, then razes the town

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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
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