ON THIS DAY: February 21, 2018

February 21st is

Sticky Bun Day

International Mother
Language Day *

____________________________________________

MORE! Claudia C. Jones, Nina Simone and Barbara Jordan, click

____________________________________________

WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Bangladesh – Shahid Dibosh
(Martyred language students day)

Bhutan –
Anniversary of His Majesty

Norway –
Birthday of King Harald V

Vanuatu – Dr. W.H. Lini Day
(Father of Independence)

Zimbabwe – Robert Mugabe Day

____________________________________________

On This Day in HISTORY

362 – Church leader and theologian Athanasius returns to Alexandria, after Julian succeeds his father Constantius as Roman Emperor, and issues an edict permitting exiled bishops of the Galileans to return to their home cities

1245 – Thomas, the first known Bishop of Finland, is granted resignation after confessing to torture and forgery

1437 – James I of Scotland is assassinated


1440 – The Prussian Confederation is formed; 19 Prussian cities band together to oppose the Teutonic Knights, who imposed high taxes on them to pay off reparations after their defeat by the Kingdom of Poland, and to re-arm for more war

1556 – Sethus Calvisius born, German late Renaissance composer, chronologer and astronomer; director of the Thomanerchor (boys choir) at the Leipzig Thomaskirche; in astronomy, his Opus Chronologicum expounded a system based on records of nearly 300 eclipses, and Elenchus Calendarii Gregoriani proposed calendar reform



1621 – Rebecca Nurse born, first victim of the Salem witch trials in America



1791 – Carl Czerny is born, Austrian composer; his piano study books are still widely used



1804 – First self-propelled locomotive on rails demonstrated in Wales

1836 – Leo Delibes born, French opera and ballet composer



1842 – John J. Greenough patents a sewing machine

1846 – Sarah G Bagley, first recorded woman telegrapher, becomes superintendent of the Lowell MA telegraph office; organizer and president of the Lowell Female Labor Reform Association

1848 – Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels publish The Communist Manifesto



1855 – Alice Freeman Palmer born, advocate of higher education for women, President of Wellesley College (1881-1887), the first woman president of a nationally known college; first Dean of Women at the University of Chicago (1892-1895)

1858 – The first electric burglar alarm is installed in Boston MA

1866 – Lucy B. Hobbs is the first woman to graduate from dental school, the Ohio College of Dental Surgery in Cincinnati

1874 – The Oakland Daily Tribune begins publication

1876 – Constantin Brancusi born, Romanian abstract sculptor


Wisdom of the Earth, by Constantin Brancusi


1878 – First U.S. telephone directory is distributed to residents in New Haven CT, a single page of fifty names

1885 – The Washington Monument is dedicated



1895 – The majority in the North Carolina legislature, black Republicans and white Populists, vote to adjourn for the day to mark the death of Frederick Douglass

1888 –Clemence Dane born as Winifred Ashton, English novelist and playwright; her first novel, Regiment of Women, was a semi-veiled treatment of lesbian relationships; noted for A Bill of Divorcement, Third Person Singular and Enter Sir John, coauthored with Helen Simpson



1893 – Andrés Segovia born, virtuoso Spanish guitarist



1895 – Carl Peter Henrik Dam born, Danish biochemist; discovers vitamin K (1939)

1903 – Anaïs Nin is born in France, Cuban-American author of 69 volumes of journals, and novels including Delta of Venus and Little Birds



1904 – The National Ski Association is formed in Ishpeming, MI

1907 –W.H. Auden born in England, American poet, playwright and composer



1914 – Jean Frances Tatlock born, American physician and psychiatrist; a member of the Communist Party who wrote for their publication, Western Worker; when she began a relationship with physicist Robert Oppenheimer in 1936, her Communist associations brought her under surveillance by the FBI and her phone was tapped; stress and clinical depression led to her suicide in January, 1944

1915 – Claudia Cumberbatch Jones born in Trinidad, came to the U.S as a child, American communist, author, and black nationalist; wrote a column called “Half the World,” for the Daily Worker; when deported from the U.S. in 1955, she moved to the UK, and founded Britain’s first major black newspaper, The West Indian Gazette, in 1958; noted for “An End to the Neglect of the Problems of the Negro Woman!”



1916 – The WWI Battle of Verdun begins in France, which will finally end on December 18, 1916

1924 – Thelma Estrin born, American computer scientist and engineer, pioneer in expert systems and biomedical engineering, applying computer technology to medical research and healthcare; IEEE Centennial Medal (1984)

1924 –Dorothy Blum born, American cryptanalyst and computer scientist who worked for the National Security Agency (NSA) and its predecessors from 1944 to 1980, becoming the first woman in the NSA’s management hierarchy in 1972, as chief of NSA Computer Operations

1925 – The first issue of The New Yorker is published



1931 – Alka Seltzer is introduced

1932 – William N. Goodwin patents the camera exposure meter

1933 – Nina Simone born, American singer-songwriter and pianist; her song, “Mississippi Goddam,” in response to Medgar Evers’ murder and the Birmingham Alabama church bombing that killed 4 pre-teen black girls and blinded a 5th, was boycotted in parts of the South



1936 – Barbara Jordan born, politician and civil rights leader; first African-American woman in Texas elected to the U.S. Congress (1973-1979), sponsored expanding coverage of the Voting Rights Act and voted to impeach Nixon; taught seventeen years at University of Texas; awarded Presidential Medal of Freedom (1994)



1947 – Edwin Land demonstrates the Polaroid Land Camera to the Optical Society of America in New York City, the first camera to take, develop and print a black-and-white picture on photo paper all in about 60 seconds. It goes on sale in 1948 for $89.75

1947 – Olympia Snowe born, Republican U.S. Senator from Maine (1995-2013); health care access and abortion rights advocate; cited extreme partisanship causing Congressional dysfunction when she retired; now co-chair of Bipartisan Policy Center Commission on Political Reform



1950 – The first International Pancake Race was held in Liberal KS

1958 – The first Gibson Flying V guitar is shipped from a factory in Kalamazoo MI



1965 – Malcolm X is assassinated in New York City at age 39 by assassins identified as Black Muslims



1968 – McGraw-Hill outbids eight other publishers for the U.S. rights to Hunter Davies’ authorized biography of the Beatles, paying $150,000

1975 – Former U.S. Attorney General John N. Mitchell and H.R. Haldeman and John D. Ehrlichman are sentenced to 2 ½ to 8 years in prison for the Watergate cover-up

1988 – In Baton Rouge LA, TV evangelist Jimmy Swaggart confesses to his congregation  his guilt of an unspecified sin, and that he is leaving the pulpit temporarily – reports link him to a prostitute

1989 – U.S. President George H.W. Bush calls Ayatollah Khomeini’s death warrant against “Satanic Verses” author Salman Rushdie “deeply offensive to the norms of civilized behavior”

1995 – Chicago stockbroker Steve Fossett becomes the first person to fly solo across the Pacific Ocean in a balloon, landing in Leader, Saskatchewan, in Canada



1999 – International Mother Language Day * announced by UNESCO, commemorating the 1952 Bangladesh “language martyr” students, and celebrating cultural diversity

2001 – U.S. Attorney General John Ashcroft asks William H. Webster, former head of the FBI and CIA, to undertake a “comprehensive independent review of FBI procedures” after allegations that an FBI agent has been spying for the Russians

2005 – Great Britain’s Royal Navy announces that it will allow same-sex couples to live in family quarters if they are in registered partnership

2013 – Michael Edwards, British poet and professor of comparative literature, becomes the first English person elected to the Académie française


Michael Edwards (glasses, center of photo) at the Académie française

____________________________________________

About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
This entry was posted in History, Holidays, On This Day and tagged , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

4 Responses to ON THIS DAY: February 21, 2018

  1. Malisha says:

    Auden is probably my favorite poet (although sometimes I think someone else is). But what a weird combination! The same man wrote Petition:
    Sir, no man’s enemy, forgiving all
    But will his negative inversion, be prodigal:
    Send to us power and light, a sovereign touch
    Curing the intolerable neural itch,
    The exhaustion of weaning, the liar’s quinsy,
    And the distortions of ingrown virginity.
    Prohibit sharply the rehearsed response
    And gradually correct the coward’s stance;
    Cover in time with beams those in retreat
    That, spooted, they turn though the reverse were great;
    Publish each healer that in city lives
    Or country houses at the end of drives;
    Harrow the house of the dead; look shining at
    New styles of architecture, a change of heart.
    – – – – – – – – –
    and this: (from Ode to the New Year, 1939″):
    To fascists, policemen & women,
    long nights on the glaciers of fear,
    and a lake of brimstone to swim in
    and a BLOODY NASTY NEW YEAR.
    – – – – – – – – –
    It always kind of startled me, I must say.

    • wordcloud9 says:

      Hi Malisha –

      I think he took very seriously Ralph Waldo Emerson’s thought from “Self-Reliance”

      “A foolish consistency is the hobgoblin of little minds, adored by little statesmen and philosophers and divines. With consistency a great soul has simply nothing to do. He may as well concern himself with his shadow on the wall. Speak what you think now in hard words, and to-morrow speak what to-morrow thinks in hard words again, though it contradict every thing you said to-day. — ‘Ah, so you shall be sure to be misunderstood.’ — Is it so bad, then, to be misunderstood? Pythagoras was misunderstood, and Socrates, and Jesus, and Luther, and Copernicus, and Galileo, and Newton, and every pure and wise spirit that ever took flesh. To be great is to be misunderstood.”

      Of course, mentally ill and thoroughly evil people aren’t usually consistent either.

  2. Malisha says:

    Olympia Snowe believes there can be bipartisanship now, but does she really believe that or is it the only way she can live with herself, after seeing what her party has done? There cannot be any “bipartisanship” when:
    — One party (hers) insists that the other is unAmerican and is trying to destroy American patriotism;
    — One party (hers) has promoted incarceration without due process (and even without trial) and torture;
    — One party (hers) has perverted the political process so that it deprives the majority of the American people of a say in their government; and
    — One party (hers) is racist and misogynist. PERIOD. No semicolon there, just PERIOD.

    How does anybody compromise with that?

    • wordcloud9 says:

      That’s why she announced in 2012 that she was quitting – the group she is with now is trying to find a way to encourage the return of bipartisanship.

      When Snowe announced she would not seek reelection, she said: “Unfortunately, I do not realistically expect the partisanship of recent years in the Senate to change over the short term, so at this stage of my tenure in public service, I have concluded that I am not prepared to commit myself to an additional six years in the Senate, which is what a fourth term would entail.”

      Snowe’s retirement was a setback for the GOP. As a moderate Republican, she was seen as the party’s best hope to hold the seat in Maine, a strongly blue state. She was replaced by former Governor of Maine Angus King, an independent who caucuses with the Democrats.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.