ON THIS DAY: February 24, 2018

February 24th is

Girl Scout Cookie Weekend

Tortilla Chip Day

World Bartender Day

World Information Architecture Day

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MORE! Daniel Payne,  Rebecca Crumpler and Edward Perkins, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Australia – Orangeville NSW:
Secret Garden Music Festival

Cuba – Grito de Baire *
(Baire Proclamation)

Estonia – Iseseisvuspäev
(Independence Day)

Mexico – Día del la Bandera
(Flag Day)

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On This Day in HISTORY

303 – Roman Emperor Galerius, an advocate for the old gods and traditional ways of Roman worship, issues an edict repressing Christianity, but rescinds it in 311 during his final illness

1463 – Giovanni Pico della Mirandola born, Italian philosopher



1582 – Pope Gregory’s papal bull Inter gravissimas reforms the Julian calendar, regarded as a new calendar, the Gregorian calendar, now used by most countries

1607 –  L’Orfeo by Claudio Monteverdi, one of the first works recognized as an opera, is presented in its première performance



1619 – Charles Le Brun born, French painter


Louis XIV & Academy of Science by Charles Le Brun


1711 – The London première of Rinaldo by George Frideric Handel, the first Italian opera written for the London stage



1766 – Samuel Wesley born, English composer and organist



1786 – Wilhelm Grimm born, one of the Brothers Grimm of Grimm’s Fairy Tales



1803 – The U.S. Supreme Court, in the landmark Marbury v Madison case, applies the principle of Judicial Review. In the 1800 election, Thomas Jefferson’s Democratic-Republican party defeated the Federalist party of John Adams, causing political panic among the lame duck Federalists. In Adams’ last days as president, he appointed a large number of justices of peace for the District of Columbia, which were duly approved by the Senate, signed by the president, and affixed with the official seal of the government, but not delivered to the appointees. When Jefferson assumed office March 5, 1801, he ordered James Madison, his Secretary of State, not to deliver them. William Marbury, one of the appointees, then petitioned the Supreme Court for a writ of mandamus, a legal order, to compel Madison to show cause why he should not receive his commission. Chief Justice John Marshall wrote the decision: 1)  Marbury had been properly appointed in accordance with procedures established by law, and that he therefore had a right to the writ; 2) Since Marbury had a legal right to his commission, the law must afford him a remedy, and that it was the particular responsibility of the courts to protect the rights of individuals — even against the president of the United States; 3) However, the Court could not grant the writ because Section 13 of the Judiciary Act of 1789, which granted it the right to do so, was unconstitutional insofar as it extended to cases of Original Jurisdiction – the power to bring cases directly to the Supreme Court – was the only jurisdictional matter dealt with by the Constitution itself. According to Article III, it applied only to cases “affecting ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls” and to cases “in which the state shall be party.” By extending the Court’s original jurisdiction to include cases like Marbury’s, Congress had exceeded its authority.

1811 – Daniel A. Payne born, American African Methodist Episcopal bishop; the first African American president (1863-1877) of an American college, Wilberforce University



1821 – Mexico declares its independence from Spain

1827 – Lydia E. Becker born, pioneer in the British women’s suffrage movement; amateur in astronomy and botany who devised a method to dry plants so they retain their original colour, and advocate for including girls in scientific education, arguing for a national non-gendered education system; founder of Manchester Women’s Suffrage Committee in 1867, first group of its kind in England; in 1869, she was a leader in a successful campaign to secure the vote for women in municipal elections, and granting them inclusion on school boards; in 1870, she’s one of four women elected to the Manchester School Board; co-founder of the Women’s Suffrage Journal (1870-1890), with Jessie Boucherett, which became the most widely read British publication on women’s suffrage, publishing speeches, and the editors’ correspondence with supporters and opponents



1835 – Siwinowe Kesibwi (The Shawnee Sun) becomes the first Indian language monthly publication in the U.S.

1836 – Winslow Homer born, influential American artist and illustrator


Fishing Boats, by Winslow Homer


1837 – Rosalia de Castro born, a major Galician Romantic poet and author (Galicia is a region of Spain), who wrote mostly in her native language, Galego; May 17, 1863, the publication date of her first poetry collection, is now celebrated as Día das Letras Galegas (Galician Literature Day), an official holiday in the Autonomous Community of Galicia

1839 – William S. Otis receives a patent for the steam shovel

1842 – Arrigo Boito born, Italian poet, composer and librettist



1857 – The Los Angeles Vineyard Society is organized

1857 – The U.S. Government receives its first shipment of perforated postage stamps



1863 – Arizona is organized as a territory

1864 – Rebecca Lee Crumpler becomes the first black American woman to received a medical degree, from New England Female Medical College; her Book of Medical Discourses is one of the first medical publications by an African American



1866 – In Washington, DC, an American flag made entirely of American bunting is displayed for the first time

1868 – The U.S. House of Representatives impeaches President Andrew Johnson for his attempt to dismiss Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton, but the U.S. Senate acquits him

1877 – Ettie Annie Rout born in Tasmania, New Zealand social reformer who founded the WWI New Zealand Volunteer Sisterhood, and launched a campaign in France to prevent sexually transmitted diseases, including inspecting French brothels and rating them for newly-arriving soldiers ; by 1917, the New Zealand Army had made free distribution of her safe sex kit compulsory; ironically, this made her persona non grata in New Zealand, where she was such a scandalous figure that publishing her name became subject to a ₤100 fine



1895 – Grito de Biare (Baire Proclamation) *- A small band of the Cuban Revolutionary Party declares an insurrection against Spanish rule at Baire, a village on the eastern tip of Cuba – though it fails to spark an immediate response in other parts of Cuba, when exiled veterans of the Cuban Ten Years War (1868-1878) read newspaper reports about Baire, they begin heading back to Cuba, and the call of Cuba libre spreads, leading to the 1898 Spanish American War

1900 – NYC Mayor Van Wyck signs the construction contract for New York’s first rapid transit tunnel, which will link Manhattan and Brooklyn.

1900 –  Irmgard Bartenieff born, German-American dancer and physical therapist, leading pioneer of dance therapy



1903 – Cuba leases Guantanamo Bay to the U.S. for a naval base

1907 – Marjorie Courtenay-Latimer born, a South African museum official who discovers a modern-day coelacanth in 1938, a fish found in fossils from 200 million years ago, but long considered extinct


 


1912 – Henrietta Szold founds Hadassah, the largest Jewish organization in American history, focusing on healthcare and education in Israel and U.S.

1925 – A thermit, an incendiary bomb made of aluminium powder and iron oxide, is used for the first time to break up a 250,000-ton ice jam clogging the St. Lawrence River

1932 – Michel Legrand born, French composer



1934 – Renata Scotto born, Italian bel canto soprano and opera director

1938 – Dupont begins manufacturing the first nylon bristle toothbrushes

1940 – Frances Langford records “When You Wish Upon a Star”

1942 – The U.S. Government stops shipments of all 12-gauge shotguns for sporting use for the wartime effort

1942 – Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak born, Indian literary scholar and feminist; founding member of the Institute for Comparative Literature and Society; awarded the 2012 Kyoto Prize in Arts and Philosophy for “speaking for the humanities against intellectual colonialism”

1942 – The Voice of America (VOA) airs for the first time

1946 – Juan Peron is elected president of Argentina

1952 – Judith Ortiz Cofer born, Puerto Rican American author; 1990 Pushcart Prize for “More Room”; first Hispanic to win the O Henry Prize for her story, “The Latin Deli”



1956 – The city of Cleveland invokes a 1931 law barring people under the age of 18 from dancing in public without an adult guardian

1956 – Judith Butler born, American philosopher, gender theorist and LGBT rights activist; her book, Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity, has had an impact on feminist and LGBT scholarship 

1979 – The Police release the single “Roxanne” in the U.S.



1983 – A U.S. congressional commission releases a report condemning the internment of Japanese-Americans during World War II

1986 – Edward Perkins is named as the first black U.S. ambassador to South Africa (1986-1989)



1987 – An exploding supernova is discovered in the Large Magellanic Cloud galaxy

1988 – The U.S. Supreme Court overturns a $200,000 award to Rev. Jerry Falwell was awarded by a lower court in his case against “Hustler” magazine; this ruling expands the legal protections for parody and satire

1989 – Iran’s Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini sentences Salman Rushdie to death for his novel The Satanic Verses, and a $1 to $3 million bounty is put on Rushdie

1992 – U.S. Postal Service unveils 2 versions of its proposed Elvis stamp for fans to vote on; Young Elvis design wins and is issued on January 8, 1993

1993 – Eric Clapton wins six Grammy Awards for “Tears In Heaven”



1997 – The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) names six brands of birth control as safe and effective “morning-after” pills for preventing pregnancy

2007 – The Virginia General Assembly passes a resolution expressing “profound regret” for the state’s role in slavery

2008 – Cuba’s parliament names Raul Castro as president; his brother Fidel had ruled for nearly 50 years

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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
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2 Responses to ON THIS DAY: February 24, 2018

  1. Malisha says:

    Barteneiff was a genius. Nobody seems to know about her or what she created. It has always occurred to me that the incandescent gesture of the human body was the most communicative method of “thinking” and that next to making music, dancing was the activity that most promoted health. I could never tolerate those big “exercise machines” where you just push and pull and get measured and it seems to me they are a sort of emotional offense to the body’s natural wish to “speak” through movement. And I have always considered that EVERY serious illness needs a physical therapy treatment in conjunction with anything and everything else that happens, especially surgery.

    • wordcloud9 says:

      Hi Malisha –

      I took 6 years of ballet as a kid, and was never going to be much of a dancer, but I did learn a lot about movement, and the body-emotion connection. A regular massage has such a powerful impact on our sense of well-being, it makes total sense that physical therapy would really enhance whatever medical treatment is being given.

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