ON THIS DAY: February 25, 2018

February 25th is

Clam Chowder Day

Open That Bottle Night *

Sword Swallowers Day

Chocolate-Covered Peanuts Day

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MORE! Hiram Revels, Martin Luther King Jr and Dorothy Gaiter, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Kuwait – National Day

Mexico – Mexico City:
EDC Mexico Music Fiesta

Pakistan – Lahore:
Lahore Literary Festival

Philippines –
EDSA Revolution Anniversary

Suriname – Dag van de Revolutie
(Day of Liberation and Innovation)

United Kingdom – Telford:
Shropshire Kids Fest

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On This Day in HISTORY

138 – Roman Emperor Hadrian adopts Antoninus Pius, who will succeed him, as one of the “Five Good Emperors”

Antoninus Pius


1570 – Pope Pius V issues papal bull Regnans in Excelsis (reigning on high) declaring “Elizabeth, the pretended Queen of England and the servant of crime”, to be a heretic and releasing all her subjects from any allegiance to her: “We charge and command all and singular the nobles, subjects, peoples and others afore said that they do not dare obey her orders, mandates and laws. Those who shall act to the contrary we include in the like sentence of excommunication.”  It sanctioned the right of Catholics to “deprive her of her throne.” Elizabeth’s limited tolerance of Catholic worship (in private) was ended after two rebellions in 1569: the “First Desmond Rebellion” in Ireland, and the “Northern Rebellion” by Catholic nobles trying to depose her and put Mary, Queen of Scots on her throne; the Papal Bull leads her to execute the Catholic nobles who refuse to vow allegiance to her

1649 – Johann Philipp Krieger born, German composer



1670 – Maria Margaretha Kirch born, German astronomer, one of the first astronomers of her time to become famous, for her writings on the conjunction of the Sun with Saturn, Venus and Jupiter in 1709 and 1712; educated by her uncle, astronomer Christoph Arnold, as his unofficial apprentice and later assistant; married astronomer and mathematician Gottfried Kirch, later astronomer royal to Frederick I of Prussia, who continued her education; as a team, they made observations and calculations to produce calendars, and recorded weather information, both valuable to navigation; she discovered the “Comet of 1702” during her nightly observations


Maria Margaretha Kirch – Calendar page for January 1701


1707 – Carlo Goldoni born, Italian dramatist and composer


1751 – Edward Willet displays the first trained monkey act in the U.S.

1791 – The first Bank of the United States is chartered by the U.S. Congress and signed by President Washington

1793 – The department heads of the U.S. government meet with U.S. President Washington for the first Cabinet meeting on U.S. record

1836 – Samuel Colt gets the first of many patents, for a “revolving-cylinder pistol” – the Paterson revolver



1837 – Thomas Davenport patents the first commercial electrical motor, but with no practical electrical distribution system available, Davenport goes bankrupt

1841 – Pierre-Auguste Renoir born, leading French Impressionist painter


The Seine at Asnieres, by Pierre-Auguste Renoir


1842 – Idawalley Zorada Lewis born, American lighthouse keeper, who takes over the Lime Rock Light after her parents die; she becomes the highest-paid lighthouse keeper in the U.S. – $750 a year – “in consideration of the remarkable services of Mrs. Wilson in the saving of lives.” She makes her first rescue at the age of 12, and receives the Gold Lifesaving Medal from the U.S. Government in 1881 for rescuing two soldiers who fell through ice; makes her last rescue at age 63; credited with saving at least 18 lives, but probably saved 25; called “the Bravest Woman in America,” Lime Rock and the Lime Rock Lighthouse are renamed Ida Lewis Rock and Lighthouse, the only time a Light has been named for its keeper



1866 – Benedetto Croce born, Italian historian, humanist, and philosopher



1871 – Larysa Kosach-Kvitka born, under the pen name “Lesya Ukrainka” author of poetry, plays, and essays; foremost woman of Ukrainian literature

1870 – Hirman R. Revels, an African Methodist Episcopal minister who was a chaplain during the Civil War, becomes the first African American to serve in either house of the U.S Congress when he is sworn in as he is sworn in to serve out the unexpired term of Jefferson Davis as Senator for Mississippi (1870-1871)



1873 – Enrico Caruso born, Italian operatic tenor, regarded as one of the greatest singers who ever lived

1881 – Phoenix AZ is incorporated when Governor John C. Fremont signs the “Phoenix Charter Bill” instituting a mayor-city council form of government

1890 – Myra Hess born, British pianist, who organized Monday through Friday lunchtime concerts, and performed in 150 of them, at the National Gallery during the WWII London Blitz when all the concert halls were blacked out at night to avoid becoming German bombing targets; 824,152 people attended 1,968 concerts, held without fail for 6 ½ years, even if London was being bombed (the concert was simply moved to a safer room); every artist was paid five guineas, no matter who they were



1890 – Vyacheslav Skryabin born, better known as Vyacheslav Molotov, Soviet revolutionary and politician, determines much of the soviet internal and foreign policy

1900 – Illa Kesselburg Martin born, German dendrologist (wooded plants study) botanist, conservationist and dentist

1901 – United States Steel Corporation is incorporated by J.P. Morgan

1906 – Mary Chase born, American children’s author and playwright; best known for her play Harvey



1910 – Millicent Fenwick born; served on New Jersey Committee of the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights (1958-1974); Congresswoman (R-NJ, 1975-1983); U.S. Ambassador to the UN (1983-1987); moderate Republican, outspoken supporter of civil and women’s rights; considered the inspiration for Garry Trudeau’s Doonesbury character Lacey Davenport



1913 – The 16th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution is ratified, giving Congress the power to “lay and collect taxes on incomes, from whatever sources derived”

1917 – Anthony Burgess born, English novelist and critic



1918 – Wartime food rationing begins in parts of Great Britain

1919 – The state of Oregon becomes the first state to tax gasoline, at 1 cent per gallon

1928 – The Federal Radio Commission issues the first U.S. television license to Charles Jenkins Laboratories in Washington DC

1930 – George McCarthy patents the Checkograph, a bank check photographing device

1933 – The aircraft carrier Ranger is launched, the first U.S. Navy ship designed and built from the keel up as an aircraft carrier



1948 – Communists seize power in Czechoslovakia

1948 – Martin Luther King, Jr., is ordained as a minister at his father’s Ebenezer Baptist Church in Atlanta, Georgia


Ebenezer Baptist Church in 1940


1950 – “Your Show of Shows” debuts on NBC-TV

1956 – Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev criticizes the late Josef Stalin in a speech before the Communist Party congress in Moscow

1971 – Richard Nixon meets with members of the Congressional Black Caucus at the White House, appointing a panel to study a list of recommendations made by the caucus



1972 – Germany gives a $5 million ransom to Arab terrorists who hijack a jumbo jet

1986 – Filipino President Ferdinand E. Marcos flees the Philippines after 20 years of rule in the wake of a tainted election; Corazon Aquino is sworn in as President

1990 – Nicaraguan election leads to victory for the opponents of the Sandinistas

1999 – In Moscow, China’s Prime Minister Zhu Rongji and Russia’s President Boris Yeltsin discuss trade and other issues

2000 – After a change of venue, an Albany NY jury acquits four New York City police officers of second-degree murder and lesser charges in the February 1999 shooting death of Amadou Diallo, who is unarmed and standing on the front stoop of his apartment building when he is killed in a hail of 41 bullets

2000 – The first Open That Bottle Night * started by Wall Street Journal Tastings columnists Dorothy J. Gaiter and John Brecher (1998-2009), encouraging their readers to open a symbolically significant bottle, and then share their stories, making the wine itself the subject of the celebration



2010 – The Mid-Atlantic and New England states are hit by a severe blizzard and flooding rains, leaving tens of thousands without heat or power

2013 – British Liberal Democratic women activists are furious as at least ten women who allege they were molested by former Lib Dem chief executive Lord Rennard are shrugged off by Lib Dem peer Tony Greaves, who describes the complaints as ‘mild sexual advances’ and adds ‘half of the House of Lords’ had probably behaved in similar ways

2014 – 1,427 gold coins from the mid-19th century that were buried in eight cans are discovered by an anonymous couple while walking their dog in Gold Country CA; dubbed the Saddle Ridge Hoard, its estimated worth is over $10 million dollars, the largest known hoard of gold coins ever found in the U.S.


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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
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