ON THIS DAY: April 16, 2018

April 16th is

Eggs Benedict Day

National Orchid Day *

Save The Elephant Day *

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MORE! Wilbur Wright, Marie Daly and Bob Dylan, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Cuba – Militiaman Day

Denmark and Greenland –
Queen Margrethe II’s Birthday

Guatemala – Post-Election Holiday

Moldova – Parents’/Memory Day

Puerto Rico – José de Diego Holiday
(Puerto Rico Independence Movement leader)

United States – Washington DC: Emancipation Day
(Compensated Emancipation Act)

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On This Day in HISTORY

1457 BCE (date uncertain) – Battle of Megiddo, a victory for the forces of  Egyptian Pharaoh Thutmose III over a coalition of Canaanite vassal states in rebellion, led by the king of Kaddesh, followed by the seven-month siege of the fortress city of Megiddo. The area is southeast of Haifa, in modern-day Israel. Its Greek name is Armageddon


Tel Megiddo, Israel – a Biblical World Heritage Site


73 or 74 CE – The walls of Masada, a Jewish fortress held by the Sicarii (the most implacable of the Zealots who were in rebellion) are finally breached by the Roman legion led by Roman governor of Judaea, Lucius Flavius Silva, after months of siege. They find hundreds of men, women and children killed in a mass suicide amid fires set to destroy the buildings. Only two women and five children are found still alive

1516 – Tabinshwehti, King of Burma, is born, founder of the Toungoo Dynasty; his military campaigns expanded the kingdom

1646 – Jules Hardouin-Mansart, French architect, designed the Grand Trianon



1660 – Hans Sloane born in Ireland, British naturalist who bequeathed his collection to the nation, the foundation of the British Museum



1693 – Mary Alexander born, American colonial merchant, successful and influential; she married twice and had ten children; her fortune was estimated at 100,000 pounds in 1743


Mary Spratt Provoost Alexander


1746 – The Battle of Culloden is fought between the French-supported Jacobites of Prince Charles Edward Stuart and the British Hanoverian forces commanded by William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, in Scotland, the last pitched battle fought on British soil. Between 1,500 and 2,000 Jacobites died, and roughly 200-300 English. Two days after the battle, English troops kill any wounded they find. Prisoners are tried for high treason, but nearly 1,000 sentences are commuted to penal transportation to the British colonies for life, and some are exchanged for prisoners of war held by France. Of the 3,471 recorded prisoners, the fate of 648 is unknown. Lords and Clans chiefs who supported the rebellion are stripped of their estates. Many highland traditions are banned, including the wearing of tartan, the clan chiefs’ traditional judicial rights, and the Highlands of Scotland are cleared of inhabitants.

1755 – Louise Élisabeth Vigée Le Brun born, French painter, major 18th century woman painter; portrait painter to Marie Antoinette


Self-Portrait by Louise Élisabeth Vigée Le Brun


1780 – The University of Münster is founded in that city of North Rhine-Wesphalia in Germany, with four faculties: Law, Medicine, Philosophy and Theology

1789 – President-elect George Washington leaves Mount Vernon for his inauguration in New York

1811 – Wilhelmine Reichard becomes the first German woman to fly a balloon solo

1818 – U.S. Senate ratifies the Rush–Bagot Treaty, ending the dispute over the U.S. border with Canada

1847 – The accidental shooting of a Māori by an English sailor results in the opening of the Wanganui Campaign on the North Island during the New Zealand land wars

1848 – Kandukuri Veeresalingam Pantulu born, Indian social reformer and author; campaigned for women’s education, the remarriage of widows, an end to the dowry system, and founded a school in Dowlaiswaram; his novel Rajasekhara Charitramu is cited as the first novel in Telugu literature



1853 – The first section of the Great Indian Peninsular Railway opens, with 24 miles of rail from the Bori Bunder station to Tannah (now Thane), near Mumbai

1862 – Abraham Lincoln signs into law the Compensated Emancipation Act, freeing 3,000 slaves in the District of Columbia, paying $300 per emancipated person to the former slaveowners

1866 – José de Diego born, Puerto Rican journalist, lawyer, poet, and independence activist; called “The Father of the Puerto Rican Independence Movement”



1867 – Wilbur Wright born, American inventor, aviator and aviation pioneer



1871 – John Millington Synge born, Irish author, poet, and playwright



1879 – The first Bulgarian constitution is adopted by the Constituent National Assembly held in Veliko Tarnovo,  establishing the Principality of Bulgaria

1881 – In Dodge City KS, Bat Masterson’s last gun battle

1882 – Seth Bingham born, American composer and organist



1889 – Charlie Chaplin born in England, international movie star, director-producer, screenwriter and composer

1890 – Gertrude Chandler Warner born, American author; series Boxcar Children 



1891 – Dorothy Pulis Lathrop born, American illustrator and author of children’s books; illustrated Hitty, Her First Hundred Years, by Rachel Field, which won the 1930 Newbery Medal


A D.P. Lathrop illustration for Tales From the Enchanted Isles by Ethel May Gate (1926) 


1893 – Germaine Guèvremont born, Canadian writer, notable figure in Quebec literature; En plein terre, Le Survenant, Marie-Didace

1908 – Natural Bridges National Monument is established in Utah



1912 – Harriet Quimby is the first woman to fly an airplane across the English Channel



1917 – Vladimir Lenin returns to Russia from exile in Switzerland

1918 – Spike Milligan born in British India, Irish-English comedian, writer, musician, poet, playwright and actor

1919 – Merce Cunningham born, American dancer and choreographer

1919 – Mohandas Gandhi organizes a day of “prayer and fasting” in response to the killing of Indian protesters in the Jallianwala Bagh massacre by the British colonial troops three days earlier

1921 – Marie Maynard Daly born, American biochemist, first black woman to earn a PhD in chemistry, discovered the link between high cholesterol and clogged arteries



1922 – The Treaty of Rapallo is signed, re-establishing  diplomatic relations between Germany and the Soviet Union

1924 – Henry Mancini born, American composer and conductor

1930 – Herbie Mann born, American composer and flute-player



1933 – Baroness Joan Bakewell born, English television journalist-presenter playwright, author and humanist; President of Birkbeck, University of London; The Centre of the Bed is her autobiography

1935 – Sarah Kirsch born as Ingrid Kirsch, but changed her given name to Sarah in protest against her father’s anti-Semitism; German poet and author

1939 – Dusty Springfield born, English singer and record producer

1940 – Joan Snyder born, American painter



1943 – Albert Hofmann accidentally discovers the hallucinogenic effects of the research drug LSD, then intentionally takes the drug three days later on April 19

1945 – U.S. Army liberates Colditz, the Nazi Sonderlager (high security) prisoner-of-war camp Oflag IV-C

1946 – R. Carlos Nakai born, Native American flute player and composer



1946 – Margot Adler born, American writer, lecturer and NY correspondent for National Public Radio; noted author of books on Neopaganism: Drawing Down the Moon, and Heretic’s Heart: A Journey Through Spirit and Revolution

1947 – Bernard Baruch first applies the term “Cold War” to describe the relationship between the United States and the Soviet Union: “Let us not be deceived. We are today in the midst of a cold war”

1956 – Buddy Holly releases his first single, “Blue Days, Black Nights”



1957 – Patricia De Martelaere born in Belgium, Flemish philosopher, academic, novelist and essayist; wrote her first book at age 14, King of the Jungle; her first adult novel was Nachtboek van een slapeloze (Night Book of an Insomniac); in non-fiction, she wrote Het onverwachte antwoord (The Unexpected Answer); De Martelaere died of complications from a brain tumor in 2009



1961 – In a nationally broadcast speech, Cuban leader Fidel Castro declares that he is a Marxist–Leninist and that Cuba is going to adopt Communism.

1962 – Bob Dylan debuts his song “Blowin’ in the Wind” in New York City



1963 – Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. pens his Letter from Birmingham Jail while incarcerated in Birmingham, Alabama, for protesting against segregation



1962 – Walter Cronkite takes over as anchor of “The CBS Evening News”

1962 – Bob Dylan debuts his song “Blowin’ in the Wind” in New York City

1966 – The Rolling Stones, the band’s debut album, is released

1966 – Percy Sledge’s “When A Man Loves A Woman” is released



1972 – Apollo 16 is launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida

1990 – Over 72,000 people gather at London’s Wembley Stadium for an anti-apartheid concert honoring Nelson Mandela, shortly after his release from prison

1990 –Dr. Jack Kevorkian participates in his first assisted suicide

1992 – The Katina P runs aground off Maputo, Mozambique and 60,000 tons of crude oil spill into the ocean

2001 – India and Bangladesh begin a five-day border conflict, but are unable to resolve the disputes over their border

2002 – U.N. Secretary-General names primatologist Jane Goodall as a United Nations Messenger of Peace



2003 – The Treaty of Accession is signed in Athens admitting ten new member states to the European Union

2012 – No Pulitzer Prize for Fiction Prize for this year, something which last happened in 1977, and the fifth time no prize for fiction was awarded since its debut in 1918

2012 – Save The Elephant Day * is launched by the Elephant Reintroduction Foundation, to coincide with the documentary about their work, Return to the Forest, and an annual reminder of threatened extinction facing these magnificent mammals

2014 – Mike and Faith Young, volunteers at the San Cristobal de las Casas Orchid Reserve in Chiapas, Mexico, wanted to name their first daughter Orchid, but the baby was stillborn, so they founded National Orchid Day * to honor her memory and celebrate the flowers they love



2014 – The Supreme Court of India recognizes transgender as a “third gender” in a landmark ruling

2016 – The U.S. army approves requests by 22 soldiers to become the first American women infantry and armor unit officers, 13 in the armor branch, and nine as second lieutenants in the infantry

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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
This entry was posted in History, Holidays, On This Day and tagged , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

2 Responses to ON THIS DAY: April 16, 2018

  1. Malisha says:

    OMG Both Merce Cunningham and Herbie Mann? This must be a lucky lucky day for me; these are two of my all-time favorites that make life worth it! I had the privilege and luck to attend one master class by Merce Cunningham back in the 60s (Michigan) and the man was not just a genius; he was a comedian; he was extraordinary, I can’t fully describe it. A person got HIGH from being in the room with him. A lasting high! OMG. I called it “sacred energy” and I’m not an “airy fairy” type.
    And Herbie Mann? I owned the record “The Family of Mann” when I was young (WHERE IS IT NOW, DAMNIT!) and — well, listen to this:

    You cannot be still when you listen to this (unless you are paralyzed). OMG. The music on this record was somehow mysteriously connected with human nerve endings.
    April 16 must be “Give Birth to a Genius Day.”

    • wordcloud9 says:

      Yes it is a great birthday – we also got Henry Mancini today!

      Wonderful story about Merce Cunningham – thanks for sharing.

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