ON THIS DAY: May 2, 2018

May 2nd is

National Truffle Day

Life Insurance Day *

World Tuna Day

Robert’s Rules of Order Day *

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MORE! William Herschel, Isabel González, and Satyajit Ray, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Islam – Night of Records/Shab e-Barat/Bara’at/Nim Sha’ban (dusk on May to dawn on May 2) – Muslim celebration of forgiveness

Bhutan – Third Druk Gyalpo Anniversary
(Birth of 3rd ruler of Bhutan) & Teachers’ Day

Spain – Madrid: Community Day

Several countries have a second day off for May Day celebrations: Bosnia & Herzegovina, Montenegro, Russia, Serbia, Slovenia, and Transdniestria

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On This Day in HISTORY

1194 – King Richard I of England, upon returning from captivity in Austria, gives Portsmouth its first Royal Charter, including permissions for an annual fifteen-day free market fair, weekly markets, and a local court to deal with minor matters, and exempting its inhabitants from paying an annual tax of £18


Modern-day Portsmouth


1536 – Anne Boleyn, Queen of England, second wife of Henry VIII, is arrested and imprisoned, charged with adultery, incest, treason and witchcraft

1559 – Misogynist Clergyman John Knox returns to Scotland from Geneva to lead the Scottish Reformation, and denounce womankind



1568 – Mary, Queen of Scots, imprisoned at Loch Leven charged with murder and adultery, for her suspected part in her first husband’s murder, and her hasty marriage to the divorced and Protestant Lord Bothwell, who is also implicated in the murder plot, is forced to abdicate in favor of her son. On this day, she escapes from Loch Leven Castle and flees to England, but is soon kept in custody there

1660 – Alessandro Scarlatti born, Italian Baroque composer of operas and cantatas



1670 – English King Charles II gives a royal charter to the Hudson’s Bay Company

1729 – Catherine the Great born, Empress of Russia, first as wife of Peter III, then in her own right from 1762 until 1796


Portrait of Catherine II by Fedor Rokotov -1763


1759 – Life Insurance Day * – The charter for the Corporation for Relief of Poor and Distressed Widows and Children of Presbyterian Ministers is issued, the first life insurance program in the U.S.

1780 – William Herschel discovers the first binary star, Xi Ursae Majoris



1833 – Russian Tsar Nicolas I bans public sale of serfs

1837 – Robert’s Rules of Order Day * – Henry Martyn Robert born, American author, engineer and soldier; in 1876, he publishes his first manual on parliamentary procedure, Robert’s Rules of Order 

1859 – Jerome K. Jerome born, English author and humorist; Three Men in a Boat

1865 – President Andrew Johnson issues Proclamation 131, offering rewards for the arrest of Confederate President Jefferson Davis ($100,000), who is captured on May 10, 1865. Several others are also listed with rewards of various amounts offered, including Clement C. Clay ($25,000), who helped create a spy network for the Confederate War Department and is suspected of involvement in John Wilkes Booth’s assassination plans, but he is released a few months after he turns himself in

1865 – Clyde Fitch born, American dramatist, the first American playwright to publish his plays; Beau Brummell, Nathan Hale, The Girl With the Green Eyes, Girls


Clyde Fitch with poster for his play ‘Girls’


1878 – The U.S Mint stops minting a 20 cent coin

1878 – Nannie Helen Burroughs born, African-American civil rights activist, businesswoman, lecturer and educator; founder of the National Training School for Women and Girls in Washington D.C.



1882 – Isabel González born, Puerto Rican activist; plaintiff in Gonzales v. Williams (1904). As a young pregnant woman, in 1903 she tried to enter the U.S. to reunite with and marry her fiancé, but the U.S. Treasury Department refused her entry as an alien, “likely to become a public charge,” when she reached New York City. The Williams in the case was William Williams, the U.S. Commissioner of Immigration at the Port of New York. Her case was appealed from the U.S. Circuit Court for the NY Southern District after her Writ of Habeas Corpus was dismissed. The Supreme Court case was the first time the Court ruled on the citizenship status of inhabitants of territories acquired by the U.S. González brought attention not only to her case, but the status of all Puerto Ricans by writing letters which were published in the New York Times. The Court’s ruling was ambiguous at best, declaring that under the immigration laws of the time, González was not an alien, and therefore could not be denied entry into New York. But the Court declined to declare that she was a U.S. citizen. The question of the citizenship status of the inhabitants of the new island territories remained confusing, ambiguous, and contested. Puerto Ricans came to be known as something in between: “noncitizen nationals.” Isabel González became a U.S. citizen by marrying her fiancé, but continued with others to press the cause of U.S citizenship for all Puerto Ricans. It finally became a reality in 1917, with the passage of the Jones-Shaforth Act, which conferred U.S. Citizenship on all Puerto Ricans, mostly so the men could be drafted for military service in WWI



1885 – Good Housekeeping magazine is first published

1885 – The infamous ‘Congo Free State’ is formed by King Leopold II of Belgium

1890 – The territory of Oklahoma is created

1895 – Lorenz Hart born, American lyricist and playwright; in partnership with Richard Rodgers, created classic songs like “Blue Moon,” “My Funny Valentine” and “Isn’t It Romantic?” and wrote the books for musicals like The Boys from Syracuse and Pal Joey



1900 – George Bernard Shaw’s You Never Can Tell debuts in London

1903 – Dr. Benjamin Spock born, “the baby doctor,” author, and anti-war activist; Baby and Child Care is one of the all-time best sellers

1905 – Charlotte Armstrong born, American mystery writer; won Edgar Awards for her novel A Dram of Poison, and three of her short stories: And Already Lost, The Case for Miss Peacock and The Splintered Monday

1908 – The song “Take Me Out to the Ball Game” is registered for copyright



1921 – Satyajit Ray born, Indian filmmaker, music composer and author; widely regarded as one of the 20th century’s greatest filmmakers; Pather Panchali, The Apu Trilogy, Kanchenjungha, Charulata, and Goopy Gyne Bagha Byne are among his best-known films



1927 – U.S. Supreme Court’s infamous ruling in Buck v. Bell permits forced sterilizations of various “unfits” by states’ authorities where such surgeries are practiced for eugenic reasons. While Skinner v. Oklahoma (1942) did not specifically overturn Buck v. Bell, it created enough of a legal quandary to discourage many sterilizations. The Supreme Court has never expressly overturned Buck v. Bell

1931 – Martha Grimes born, American detective fiction author and poet, noted for her Richard Jury series

1932 – Pearl S. Buck awarded the Pulitzer Prize for Literature for The Good Earth

1935 – Foster Care Day * – Title IV-E of the Social Security Act authorizes federal grants to states for foster care and adoption assistance programs, to be administered by the U.S. Children’s Bureau

1947 – Eugene O’Neill’s drama Moon for the Misbegotten premieres in NYC

1949 – Arthur Miller wins the Pulitzer Prize for Drama for Death of a Salesman



1954 – Baroness Dawn Primarolo, British Labour politician, MP for Bristol South (1987-2015); Minister of State for Children, Young People and Families (2009-2010); Minister of State for Public Health (2007-2009)

1955 – Tennessee Williams wins the Pulitzer Prize for Drama for Cat on a Hot Tin Roof

1961 – Sophie Thibault born, French Canadian journalist and television reporter on the morning news program Salut Bonjour, and news anchor on Le TVA 22 heures

1964 – The Beatles Beatles’ Second Album becomes #1 on the album charts



1969 – British ocean liner Queen Elizabeth II leaves on her maiden voyage

1980 – Pink Floyd’s Another Brick in the Wall (Part II) is banned in South Africa



1990 – The South African government opens talks with the African National Congress about ending apartheid

1994 – Dr Kevokian found innocent on charges of assisting suicides

1998 – World Asthma Day * started by the Global Initiative for Asthma, which sets medical guidelines for the disease, the day is now observed in over 35 countries

1999 – Mireya Moscoso becomes the first woman elected President of Panama; she  oversees the transition of control of the Panama Canal from the U.S. to Panama


Mireya Moscoso speaking at the UN


2000 – President Bill Clinton announces that accurate GPS access would no longer be restricted to the U.S. military

2008 – The movie Iron Man, starring Robert Downey Jr. is released

2012 – Norwegian painter Edvard Munch’s famous painting The Scream sells at auction for $119,922,500



2013 – Rhode Island becomes the 10th U.S. state to legalize same-sex marriage

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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
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