ON THIS DAY: May 4, 2018

May 4th is

Bird Day *

World Give Day *

Candied Orange Peel Day

Respect for Chickens Day *

International Tuba Day *

Intergalactic Star Wars Day *

International Firefighters Day *
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MORE! Horace Mann, Jane Jacobs and Audrey Hepburn, click


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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Afghanistan – Remembrance
Day for Martyrs & Disabled

Austria – Linz: Saint Florian’s Day
(patron saint of Linz and firefighters)

China – Youth Day

Japan – Greenery Day

Latvia – Independence Day

Namibia – Cassinga Day
(memorial for battle dead)

Netherlands – Remembrance Day
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On This Day in HISTORY

1415 – Religious reformers John Wycliffe of England and Jan Hus of Bohemia are condemned as heretics at the Council of Constance; Jan Hus, summoned under a letter of safe conduct, was found guilty of heresy by the council and turned over to the secular court, which condemned him to the stake; Jerome of Prague, who came to Constance to offer assistance and support to Jan Hus, was also suffered the same treatment as Hus. Wycliffe had attacked the privileged status of the clergy, the power and wealth of the Papacy, the pomp of ceremonies, and advocated translating the Bible into the vernacular, working with other scholars to translate the Bible from Latin into Middle English; since he had already died of a stroke, his body was exhumed from holy ground and burned, his works were banned and many of them were also burned. Jan Hus spoke out against indulgences, and asserted that no Pope or bishop had the right to take up the sword in the name of the Church, but should pray for his enemies; he opposed Papal bulls; and appealed in prayer directly to Jesus Christ, bypassing the Church’s laws and structures



1471 – Wars of the Roses: The Battle of Tewkesbury: Edward IV defeats a Lancastrian Army and kills Edward of Westminster, Prince of Wales

1493 – Pope Alexander VI divides the ‘New World’ between Spain and Portugal along the Line of Demarcation



1559 – Alice Spencer, Countess of Derby, born, notable English patron of the arts, supporting a company of players; encouraging Edmund Spenser, a distant relative, who represented her as ‘Amaryllis’ in an ecologue; co-founder of the Bridgewater Library with her second husband, which is the oldest large family collection in England to survive intact into modern times

1626 –  Dutch explorer Peter Minuit arrives at New Netherland (present day Manhattan Island) aboard the See Meeuw

1655 – Bartolomeo Cristofori born, Italian harpsichord maker; piano pioneer

1675 – King Charles II of England orders the construction of the Royal Greenwich Observatory



1728 – George Frideric Handel’s opera Tolomeo, re di Egitto premieres in London



1749 – Charlotte Turner Smith born, English poet and novelist, instrumental in a revival of the sonnet and establishing the conventions of Gothic fiction; forced into marriage at 15 by her father, she spent many unhappy years married to a violent drunkard. His extravagance landed them in debtors’ prison, where she began her writing career in order to pay their way out. Eventually she left him, as his increasing rages made her fear for her life.



1776 – Rhode Island becomes the first American colony to renounce allegiance to King George III

1796 – Horace Mann born, American philanthropist, pioneer in public education



1806 – William Cooke born, English inventor; helped develop electric telegraphy

1814 – Napoleon Bonaparte arrives at Portoferraio on Elba to begin his first exile

1814 – King Ferdinand VII of Spain, returning from exile, signs the Decree of the 4th of May, returning Spain to an absolute monarchy

1825 – T. H. Huxley born, English biologist and educator

1874 – Frank Conrad born, American electrical engineer and pioneer in wireless telegraphy; developing an early airplane radio and making one of the first radio broadcasts from a “station” he built in his garage

1886 – A labor demonstration for an eight-hour workday at Haymarket Square in Chicago turns into a riot when a bomb explodes

1886 – Chichester Bell and Charles S. Tainter patent an improved gramophone, the first practical phonograph

1894 – Bird Day * is established by school superintendent Charles A. Babcock of Pennsylvania, the first U.S. day dedicated to birds, and their conservation in particular

1898 – Captain Joy Bright Hancock, American naval officer, veteran of both WWI and WWII



1904 – Charles Stewart Rolls meets Frederick Henry Royce at the Midland Hotel in Manchester, England; they would form Rolls-Royce in December of 1904

1907 – Lincoln Kirstein born, American dance impresario; director of the N YC Ballet

1907 – Mary Hallaren born, first woman to officially join the U.S. Army; director of the Women’s Army Corps; recipient of the Legion of Merit with Oak Leaf Cluster, the Bronze Star and the Army Commendation Medal; elected to the National Women’s Hall of Fame in 1996

1914 – Emmanuel Robles born, Algerian-French novelist and playwright

1916 – Jane Jacobs born, American-Canadian journalist and activist, pioneer in urban studies and author of  The Death and Life of Great American Cities; Officer of the Order of Canada, and Order of Ontario



1927 – Articles of Incorporation are filed for the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, and the organization is officially incorporated on May 11, 1927

1929 – Audrey Hepburn born in Belgium, international film star and humanitarian, remembered for her tireless efforts to help children; UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador, Presidential Medal of Freedom honoree



1930 – Roberta Peters born, American coloratura soprano, associated with the Metropolitan Opera for 35 years, recipient of the National Medal of Arts

1933 – Archibald Macleish is awarded the Pulitzer Prize for Poetry for his narrative poem Conquistador

1942 – WWII: U.S. civilians receive War Ration Book #1, the “Sugar Book,” and a national speed limit of 35 mph is imposed to save fuel and tire rubber

1944 – The suspense film Gaslight, starring Ingrid Bergman and Charles Boyer, and featuring Angela Lansbury’s film debut, is released



1948 – Alison Britton, British large-scale ceramic artist, fellow of the Royal College of Art since 1990; her work is represented in the collections of several museums, including the Victoria and Albert Museum, and the Los Angeles County Museum of Art

1953 – The Pulitzer Prize for Literature is awarded to Ernest Hemingway for The Old Man and the Sea

1956 – Gene Vincent records “Be-Bop-A Lula”



1957 – Marijke Vos born, Dutch peace and anti-nuclear activist and GreenLeft politician; Amsterdam alderwoman for the Environment and Healthcare since 2006; member of the Dutch Parliament (1994-2005)

1958 – Jane Hodgson Kennedy born, British Labour politician; inaugural Merseyside Police and Crime Commissioner since 2012; Member of Parliament (1992-2010)

1961 – A group of Freedom Riders leave Washington, D.C., for New Orleans to challenge racial segregation on interstate buses and in bus terminals



1970 – Ohio National Guardsmen open fire on anti-war protesters at Kent State University, killing four students and wounding nine others

1974 – An all-female Japanese team led by Kyoko Sato reaches the summit of Manaslu, becoming the first women to climb an 8,000-meter peak

1979 – International Tuba Day * was created by Joel Day, a high school tuba player who felt the instrument and its players were underappreciated; spread the word when he went to college; now celebrated in many parts of the U.S and several foreign countries

1994 – Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and PLO leader Yasser Arafat sign an accord on Palestinian autonomy that grants self-rule in the Gaza Strip and Jericho

1998 – Unabomber Theodore Kaczynski is given four life sentences plus 30 years by a federal judge in Sacramento, Calif., under a plea agreement that spares his life

1999 – The first International Firefighters Day * instituted to honor all firefighters everywhere, proposed by JJ Edmondson, after the terrible loss of five firefighters answering a call for mutual aid to fight a huge brush fire in Linton, Australia. May 4 was chosen because it is the feast day of St. Florian, the patron saint of firefighters, already a day for honoring firefighters in several European cities



2000 – Londoners cast their first direct votes for the Mayor of London,  which had been the only Western capital without an elected city government after the Greater London Council was abolished in 1986

2003 – National Day of Reason * is launched by the American Humanist Society and the Washington Area Secular Humanists as an alternative to the National Day of Prayer proclaimed by the U.S. Congress, which Humanists believe infringes on the Separation of  Church and State doctrine of the First Amendment, and lends government support to religion over no religion



2005 – International Respect for Chickens Day * is started by United Poultry Concerns to protest the bleakness of chickens’ lives in farming operations

2010 – World Give Day * is first celebrated, a day to highlight donating to whatever cause or charity is important to you – many small gifts add up to big funding

2011 – Intergalactic Star Wars Day * is launched at the Toronto Underground Cinema in Canada – “May the Fourth Be With You!” – since 2013, after Disney Studios purchased Lucasfilm, the day has been observed at Disney theme parks



2013 – The first World Password Day * is inspired by Mark Burnett’s book, Perfect Passwords, to encourage people to update and strengthen their passwords and better protect their online data

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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
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4 Responses to ON THIS DAY: May 4, 2018

  1. Malisha says:

    Wow today is an awesome day: chickens and passwords! Gives me an idea for a new password…oh nevermind.
    Anyway, I have a friend who is a lawyer who took a case for a family who kept chickens as pets. The County Government tried to make them give up their chickens under the “no farmyard animals” ordinance and they sued and went to court. They won in the trial court and lost on appeal. He took the case “pro bono” and I thought it was more “pro bono poultrico” than “pro bono publico.”

    • wordcloud9 says:

      Hey Malisha –

      Pro Bono Poutrico – Ha!

      Sorry they lost on appeal. I wonder if their county also considers pot-bellied pigs and miniature horses as farmyard animals?

  2. pete says:

    Happy Bird Day

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