ON THIS DAY: May 5, 2018

May 5th is

Cartoonists’ Day *

Cinco de Mayo

Enchilada Day

International Midwives Day *

Revenge of the Fifth Day *

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MORE! Kublai Khan, Nellie Bly and James Beard, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Ethiopia – Arbegnoch Qen
(Patriots’ victory day)

Germany –Linz to Bonn:
Rhine in Flames fireworks

Guyana – Arrival Day

Japan – Kodomo no Hi
(Children’s day)

Kygtzstan – Constitution Day

Lebanon – Parliamentary Elections

Mexico – Battle of Puebla Day
(May 5th battle won over French troops)

Netherlands – Bevrijdingsdag
(Liberation from Nazi occupation)

Palau – Senior Citizens’ Day

South Korea – Orininal
(Children’s day)

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On This Day in HISTORY

1215 – Rebel barons renounce their allegiance to King John of England, leading to the signing of the Magna Carta

1260 – Kublai Khan, grandson of Genghis Khan, becomes ruler of the Mongol Empire



1494 – On his second voyage, Christopher Columbus sights an island, naming it Santa Gloria (modern-day Jamaica) and claims it for Spain

1646 – English King Charles I, after his army is beaten by Oliver Cromwell’s “New Model Army,” flees (disguised as a servant) putting himself in the hands of the Scottish Presbyterian army besieging Newark. They take him north to Newcastle upon Tyne; nine months later, the Scots make a deal with the parliamentary commissioners and deliver Charles to them

1798 – U.S. Secretary of War William McHenry orders the USS Constitution made ready for sea

1809 – Mary Kies becomes the first woman awarded a U.S. patent in her own name, for a technique to weave straw with silk and thread in hat-making

1813 – Søren Kierkegaard born, Danish philosopher-theologian and poet; regarded as the first existentialist



1818 – Karl Marx born, German philosopher socialist revolutionary, economist and author; The Communist Manifesto and Das Kapital

1824 – Lucy Larcom born, American poet and author, editor of Our Young Folks magazine, writes songs, poems and letters describing life working in the cotton mills, and for her book A New England Girlhood

1830 – John B. Stetson born, American hat manufacturer; develops the ‘Stetson’ cowboy hat

1862 – The Battle of Puebla took place, now celebrated as Cinco de Mayo

1864 – Nellie Bly born, pseudonym of American journalist and author Elizabeth Jane Cochrane, known as a pioneer in the field of investigative journalism, especially for her exposé of conditions in a mental institution, and for her record-breaking trip around the world in 72 days



1865 – The Thirteenth Amendment is ratified, abolishing slavery in the U.S.

1865 – Helen Maud Merrill born, poet, editor, and author of humorous sketches under the pen name Samantha Spriggins

1882 – Sylvia Pankhurst born, British suffragist and socialist activist, founder of the East London Federation of Suffragettes which eventually becomes the Workers’ Socialist Federation, founder of the newspaper Workers’ Dreadnought



1891 – Music Hall is dedicated in New York City, later renamed Carnegie Hall; the first performer is Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky

1890 – Christopher Morley born, American journalist, author and poet; Parnassus on Wheels and The Haunted Bookshop



1892 – U.S. Congress extends the Geary Chinese Exclusion Act for 10 more years. The act requires all Chinese in the U.S. to be registered or face deportation

1892 – Dorothy Garrod born, English archaeologist who directs excavations at Mount Carmel in Palestine (1929-1934), and conducts Paleolithic research at Gibraltar and in Kurdistan; first woman to hold a chair at University of Cambridge (1939-1952); The Upper Paleolithic of Britain



1893 – The Panic of 1893 – the New York Stock Exchange takes a nosedive; by year’s end, the nation is in a depression

1898 – Elsie Eaves born, American civil engineer; first woman associate member, and first woman admitted to full membership, in the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE); founding member of the American Association of Cost Engineering (renamed the Association for the Advancement of Cost Engineering); started her career as a draftsperson for the U.S. Bureau of Public Roads in Colorado, and for the Denver and Rio Grande Railroad, then got her civil engineering degree in 1920 from the University of Colorado. Eaves worked for McGraw-Hill in New York (1926-1963), on the Engineering News-Record and other publications, retiring as the manager of Business News. She created databases on engineering projects and trends across the U.S., before there were computers to compile the information. After retiring from McGraw-Hill, Eaves continued practicing as an adviser on housing costs for the National Commission on Urban Affairs. In 1974, she was honored with the George Norlin Silver Medal, the University of Colorado’s highest alumni award



1900 – Helen Redfield born, American geneticist who did extensive research on Drosophila Melanogaster, the common fruit fly, at Stanford University, Columbia and the California Institute of Technology, then as a research associate at the Institute for Cancer Research (1951-1961)



1903 – James Beard born, American cookbook author and TV cooking show host; The James Beard Cookbook



1907 – ‘Iryna Vilde’ born as Daryna Makohon, Ukrainian author and Soviet correspondent; wrote short stories and novels about family life and society in the Western Ukraine; best known for her two- volume novel Sestry Richynski (Sisters of Richynsky), which won the Shevchenko Prize

1911 – Pritilata Waddedar born, Bengali educator and revolutionary nationalist, teacher and headmistress at Nandankanan Aparnacharan School in Chittagong; she commits suicide rather than be arrested by British authorities after an attack on a European club

1912 – Soviet Communist Party newspaper Pravda begins publishing

1916 – U.S. Marines invade the Dominican Republic

1917 – Eugene Jacques Bullard becomes the first African-American aviator when he earns his flying certificate with the French Air Service

1921 – Del Martin born, American feminist and gay rights activist; with her partner Phyllis Lyon, she founds the Daughters of Bilitis, the first social and political organization for lesbians in the US, acts as president and editor of The Ladder, helps form the Council on Religion and the Homosexual, and serves in the White House Conference on Aging. Martin and Lyon marry in 2008


Wedding of Del Martin and Phyllis Lyon


1922 – Irene Gut Opdyke born, Polish nurse who aids Jews persecuted by the Nazis during WWII

1925 – John T. Scopes, a biology teacher in Dayton, TN, is arrested for teaching Darwin’s theory of evolution

1926 – Eisenstein’s film Battleship Potemkin is shown in Germany for the first time

1926 – Sinclair Lewis refuses a 1925 Pulitzer for Arrowsmith

1927 – Sylvia Fedoruk born, Canadian physicist, politician and athlete, Lieutenant Governor of Saskatchewan, first woman member of the Atomic Energy Control Board of Canada, former president of the Canadian Ladies Curling Association, member of the Canadian Curling Hall of Fame



1936 – Edward Ravenscroft receives a patent for the screw-on bottle cap with a pour lip

1937 – Delia Derbyshire born, English composer of electronic music; known for her electronic arrangement of the Doctor Who theme music

1942 – Tammy Wynette born as Virginia Wynette Pugh; Country singer-songwriter, one of the biggest-selling female singers; known for “Stand by Your Man” and “Till I Can Make It on My Own”



1942 – Baroness Jean Corston, British Labour politician, Member of Parliament (1992-2005); first woman to serve as Chair of the Parliamentary Labour Party (2001-2005)

1945 – The Netherlands and Denmark are liberated from Nazi control

1945 – Diane Willcocks born, British academic, social science researcher and administrator; advocate for more inclusive higher education; Vice-Chancellor of York St John University; Deputy Principal of Sheffield Hallam University; Director of Research at the University of North London; appointed Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE, in 2008)

1955 – Damn Yankees opens on Broadway, and runs for 1,019 performances



1961 – Alan Shepard becomes the first American in space when he makes a 15 minute suborbital flight in a capsule

1979 – International Tuba Day * created by Joel Day, a high school tuba player who felt the instrument and its players are underappreciated; he spreads the word when he went to college; now celebrated in many parts of the U.S and several foreign countries



1987 – The U.S. congressional Iran-Contra hearings open

1990 – The National Cartoonists Society proclaims the first Cartoonists Day *

1991 – In New York, Carnegie Hall marks its 100th anniversary

1991 – International Midwives Day * is launched by the International Confederation of Midwives, now an observance on the United Nations calendar

2007 – Revenge of the Fifth Day * celebrates the Dark Side of the Force, playing on Episode III – Revenge of the Sith, for the 30th anniversary of the Star Wars debut



2010 – The Supreme Court of India in a landmark judgment declares the use of narco tests, brain mapping tests and lie detector tests by investigative agencies to be unconstitutional

2014 – China announces it will upgrade Ethiopia’s infrastructure in an effort to improve a China-Africa strategic partnership

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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
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2 Responses to ON THIS DAY: May 5, 2018

  1. Malisha says:

    If you read what Sinclair Lewis said about refusing the Pulitzer Prize, it all becomes so clear and so essential why his refusal was necessary. Good on him1

    • wordcloud9 says:

      He DID accept the 1930 Nobel Prize in Literature:

      “The American Fear of Literature”

      Were I to express my feeling of honor and pleasure in having been awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature, I should be fulsome and perhaps tedious, and I present my gratitude with a plain «Thank you».

      I wish, in this address, to consider certain trends, certain dangers, and certain high and exciting promises in present-day American literature. To discuss this with complete and unguarded frankness – and I should not insult you by being otherwise than completely honest, however indiscreet – it will be necessary for me to be a little impolite regarding certain institutions and persons of my own greatly beloved land.

      But I beg of you to believe that I am in no case gratifying a grudge. Fortune has dealt with me rather too well. I have known little struggle, not much poverty, many generosities. Now and then I have, for my books or myself, been somewhat warmly denounced – there was one good pastor in California who upon reading my Elmer Gantry desired to lead a mob and lynch me, while another holy man in the state of Maine wondered if there was no respectable and righteous way of putting me in jail. And, much harder to endure than any raging condemnation, a certain number of old acquaintances among journalists, what in the galloping American slang we call the «I Knew Him When Club », have scribbled that since they know me personally, therefore I must be a rather low sort of fellow and certainly no writer. But if I have now and then received such cheering brickbats, still I, who have heaved a good many bricks myself, would be fatuous not to expect a fair number in return.

      The rest of his speech is here:

      https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1930/lewis-lecture.html

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