ON THIS DAY: July 9, 2018

July 9th is:

Intern Appreciation Day

National Sugar Cookie Day

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MORE! Ann Radcliffe, Respighi and June Jordan, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Argentina – Día de la Independencia

Brazil – São Paulo:
Constitution Revolution Day *

Canada – Nunavut: Nunavut Day *

Japan – Nagoya: Sumo Nagoya Basho
(Sumo Grand Tournament)

Kiribati – Gospel Day

Palau – Constitution Day

South Sudan – Independence Day

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On This Day in HISTORY

455 – Military commander Avitus, a Gallic-Roman, is proclaimed Emperor of the Western Roman Empire, but his reign ends in October 456, because the Senate and the People of Rome found him too chummy with Visigoth King Theodoric II

595 – General Kim Yu-sin of the Korean kingdom of Silla, with his Tang dynasty allies, defeats the army of the kingdom of Baekje in the Battle of Hwangsanbeol; Baekje’s General Gyebaek is killed, and Baekje King Uija surrenders



1357 – Emperor Charles IV helps lay the Charles Bridge foundation stone in Prague

1540 – King Henry VIII annuls his 6-month marriage to Anne of Cleves


Portraits of Henry VIII and Anne of Cleves by H. Holbein


1577 – Thomas De La Warr born, English official; one of the Virginia colony founders

1609 – Holy Roman Emperor Rudolf II grants Bohemia religious freedom

1764 – Ann Radcliffe born, English novelist, pioneer of the Gothic novel; noted for The Romance of the Forest and The Mysteries of Udolpho



1776 – General George Washington orders the Declaration of Independence read to Continental Army troops in Manhattan, as thousands of British troops on Staten Island prepare for the Battle of Long Island

1793 – Upper Canada’s Legislative Assembly passes An Act to Prevent the further Introduction of Slaves and to limit the Term of Contracts for Servitude within this Province, which bans importing slaves, and frees children born to female slaves when they reach age 25

1810 – Napoleon annexes the Kingdom of Holland as part of the First French Empire

1811 – Explorer David Thompson claims Pacific NW Columbia River area for Britain

1811 – Fanny Fern born, American author and columnist for the New York Ledger



1815 – Charles Maurice de Talleyrand becomes the first Prime Minister of France



1816 – Argentina declares its independence from the Spanish Empire

1819 – Elias Howe born, American inventor of the sewing machine

1850 – The Bab, Herald of the Bahá’í faith, is executed in Tabriz, Persia

1858 – Kaikhusrau Jahan born, progressive Begum (ruler) of Bhopal (1901- 1926), greatly improved education and public health services for her people



1868 – 14th Amendment to U.S. Constitution is ratified – Section One: All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the state wherein they reside. No state shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any state deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws

1879 – Ottorino Respighi born, Italian composer



1887 – Samuel Eliot Morison born, American biographer and historian



1893 – Daniel Williams performs the first successful open heart surgery, without anesthesia

1894 – Dorothy Thompson born, American journalist and radio broadcaster, first American journalist expelled from Nazi Germany in 1934, recognized by Time magazine in 1939 as the second most influential woman in America after Eleanor Roosevelt



1900 – Britain’s separate Australian colonies are unified into one country

1911 – Mervyn Peake born, English novelist, poet, playwright and illustrator

1915 – During WWI, the South African Defense Force of the Union of South Africa which invaded German Southwest Africa at the end of 1914, accepts the German’s surrender of the territory. Sixteen days later, South Africa annexes Southwest Africa

1917 – Krystyna Chlond Dańko born, Polish orphan in Otwock who saved the lives of her Jewish friend Lusia Kokszko, and Lusia’s family during the WWII Nazi occupation of Poland, smuggling two of them out of Otwock to Warsaw; she hid the rest of the family, and brought them food and clothing; in 1998, she was awarded the title Righteous among the Nations by Yad Vashem. Most of the rest of the Jews of Otwock perished in the Triblinka death camp, or were summarily shot when the Otwock ghetto was liquidated in September 1942


Krystyna Chlond Dańko in 1936

1926 – Mathilde Krim born in Italy, American medical researcher, part of the team that developed a prenatal method to determine fetal gender; one of the earliest researchers to recognize the severity of the threat of AIDS, she was the founding chair of AIDS Medical Foundation which became amfAR, an association for AIDS research; she was honored in 2000 with Presidential Medal of Freedom, and the 2003 Jefferson Award for Greatest Public Service Benefiting the Disadvantaged



1929 – Hassan II born, King of Morocco (1961-1999)

1930 – Janice Lourie born, American computer scientist and graphic artist; pioneer in CAD/Cam for the textile industry, best known for inventing software tools that facilitate textile production from artist to manufacturer; a founding member of the Camerata of the Boston Museum of Fine Arts, and played the tenor shawm and psaltery from the museum collection

1931 – Sylvia A. Bacon born, American Associate Judge of the Superior Court of the District of Columbia (1970-1991), appointed by Richard Nixon; worked for the U.S. Department of Justice (1956-1970) and served under Ramsey Clark, helping to draft legislation for D.C. court reform

1932 – Constitution Revolution Day * – the state of São Paulo revolts against the Brazilian Federal Government, starting the Constitutionalist Revolution

1933 – Nunavut Day * – The Canadian Parliament passes the Nunavut Land Claims Agreement Act and the Nunavut Act, leading to splitting Nunavut from the Northwest Territories  as a separate territory in 1999

1935 – Mercedes Sosa born, Argentine singer and activist, won several Grammy Awards and a posthumous Latin Grammy for Bet Folk Album, UNICEF ambassador

1936 – June Jordan born, American poet, writer, educator and activist, columnist for The Progressive, librettist for the musical I Was Looking at the Ceiling and then I Saw the Sky, recipient of numerous awards including the Achievement Award for International Reporting from the National Association of Black Journalists



1937 – 20th Century Fox vault fire destroys over 40,000 reels of silent films

1940 – The German Evangelist Church protests Adolph Hitler’s euthanasia pogroms, officially known as Action T4, which ultimately murdered 200,000 people, using medications like phenol, starvation or gas. The victims are mentally or physically disabled. Action T4 is the next step following the law the Nazis enacted soon after they took power in Germany, which forced the sterilization of people with such diseases as Huntington’s, schizophrenia, and epilepsy

1944 – Judith M. Brown born in India, British historian, specialist in modern South Asia, and an Anglican priest; Beit Professor of Commonwealth History, and a Fellow of Balliol College, Oxford (1990-2011); Research Fellow, Fellow and Director of Studies in History, Girton College, Cambridge (1968-1971); Gandhi and Civil Disobedience: The Mahatma in Indian Politics 1928-1934



1953 – Margie Gillis born, Canadian modern dance choreographer and solo dancer whose repertoire includes over 100 pieces; in 1987, she became the first modern dance artist to be awarded the Order of Canada; in 2008, the inaugural recipient of the Stella Adler MAD Spirit Award for her involvement in social causes


Margie Gillis performing her own Torn Roots, Broken Branches


1955 – Bill Haley and His Comets’ “Rock Around the Clock” tops the charts



1962 – Andy Warhol’s Campbell’s Soup Cans exhibit opens in Los Angeles



1970 – Masami Tsuda born, Japanese shōjo manga artist; noted for Kare Kano: His and Hers Circumstances, and the series Chotto Edo Made

1978 – In  hot, humid weather, 100,000 supporters of the Equal Rights Amendment (E.R.A.) march in Washington DC, with banners in purple and white to honor the National Woman’s Suffrage Party of Alice Paul. Paul turned, immediately after the long-awaited success of the campaign for women’s right to vote, to making women’s legal equality a Constitutional amendment, first introduced in Congress in 1923, but not sent to the states for ratification until 1972. The march supports bill H.J.R. 638, to extend E.R.A.’s deadline to March 22, 1979. Only eight votes by state senators in three states had kept the E.R.A. from being ratified by March 1, 1977

1981 – Nintendo releases Donkey Kong – mascot Mario makes his debut

1986 – New Zealand’s Homosexual Law Reform Act legalizes homosexuality

1993 – Canada’s Nunavut Act leads to dividing the Northwest Territories

1995 – The Grateful Dead play their last concert, at Chicago’s Soldier Field (Jerry Garcia dies of a heart attack the following month)



2002 – The African Union, a geo-political organization of 55  countries of the African continent, meets in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia and South African President Thabo Mbeki becomes its chairman



2004 – A Senate Intelligence Committee report concludes the CIA had provided unfounded assessments of the threat posed by Iraq that the Bush administration relied on to justify going to war

2011 – South Sudan becomes Africa’s newest nation, breaking away from Sudan after two civil wars over five decades that cost millions of lives


Flag of South Sudan


2013 – The three kidnapped women, held captive in a Cleveland house and raped for over ten years, release a video. In their first public statement since their escape, they thank the many supporters for “such an outpouring of love and kindness.” The Courage Fund, established to help them, had already raised over $1 million

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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
This entry was posted in History, Holidays, On This Day and tagged , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

2 Responses to ON THIS DAY: July 9, 2018

  1. Um….if those are California sugar cookies, I’ll take a dozen. :mrgreen:

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