ON THIS DAY: August 22, 2018

August 22nd is

Be an Angel Day *

Eat a Peach Day

Pecan Torte Day

Tooth Fairy Day

Take Your Cat to the Vet Day

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MORE! Claude Debussy, Dorothy Parker and Edvard Munch, click

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World Festivals and National Holidays

India – Chennai:
Madras Day *

Russia – National Flag Day

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On This Day in HISTORY

1138 – Battle of the Standard: in Yorkshire, below a mast mounted on a cart bearing a pyx (box of consecrated bread of the Eucharist) and the consecrated banner of the York minster, English forces under William of Aumale repel a Scottish Army led by King David I of Scotland

1485 – Death of King Richard III at Battle of Bosworth Field



1639 – British East India founds city of Madras India as trading center

1642 – King Charles I calls Parliament traitors, English Civil War begins

1753 – Christian Freidrich Ruppe born in Thuringia, Dutch composer



1762 – Ann Smith Franklin, Benjamin Franklin’s sister-in-law, becomes the first U.S. female newspaper editor, for The Newport Mercury



1775 – King George III proclaims the American colonies are in state of open rebellion

1788 – Dependents of the London-based Committee for the Relief of the Black Poor arrive at a settlement the committee has arranged for them in western Africa; many of the settlers are former African slaves from America who sought refuge with the British; after the settlement is burned down by a neighboring tribe in 1789, surviving settlers move to a new site in 1791, which will become Freetown, now the capital of Sierra Leone

1827 – Josef Strauss born, son of Johann Strauss I, employed as a city of Vienna engineer, designed a horse-drawn revolving brush street sweeper, but also a poet, painter, dramatist and composer



1846 – U.S. annexes New Mexico



1849 – Austria launches world’s first “air raid” sending pilotless balloons against Venice

1851 – Schooner America outraces Aurora to win trophy now known as America’s Cup

1860 – Eleonore Reuss of Köstritz born, Tsaritsa of Bulgaria as the second wife of Tsar Ferdinand of Bulgaria; she worked as a nurse during the Balkan and First World Wars

1861 – Mary Elizabeth Wood, librarian and missionary to China, founder of the first library school in China 

1862 – Claude Debussy born, French composer



1864 – Twelve nations sign the first Geneva Convention

1865 – William Sheppard patents liquid soap

1868 –  Maud Powell, American violinist, first American violinist to achieve international rank; awarded GRAMMY Lifetime Achievement Award posthumously on January 25, 2014



1893 – Dorothy Parker born, American poet, author, screenwriter and critic, known for her satirical wit; two Academy Award nominations, won the O. Henry Award



1902 – Teddy Roosevelt is the first President to ride in an automobile in Hartford CT

1902 – Leni Riefenstahl born, Nazi film producer-director, noted for Triumph des Willens (Triumph of the Will) and Olympia, two of the most technically innovative and effective propaganda films ever made

1904 –  Deng Xiaoping born, Chinese revolutionary; de facto leader of the People’s Republic of China (1978-1989), overseeing economic reforms and opening global trade

1906 – Victor Talking Machine Company begins manufacture of Victrolas, price $200

1910 – Japan formally annexes Korea

1918 –  Mary McGrory born, American journalist and columnist, recipient of the Pulitzer Prize for Commentary for her work on the Watergate scandal



1920 – Ray Bradbury born, influential American science fiction writer



1921 – Mahatma Gandhi makes a bonfire of foreign clothes

1922 – Theoni V. Aldredge born in Greece, American costume designer; won three Tony Awards, 11 other Tony nominations, an Irene Sharaff Lifetime Achievement Award, and the 1975 Oscar for Best Costume Design for The Great Gatsby



1928 – Karlheinz Stockhausen born, German composer, pioneer in electronic music



1932 – BBC ‘s first experimental television broadcast in England

1935 – Annie Proulx born, American journalist and author, recipient of the Pulitzer Prize and the U.S. National Book Award for her novel The Shipping News and the PEN/Faulkner Award for the novel Postcards



1942 – Brazilian President Getúlio Vargas signs a declaration of war against Germany and Italy; over 25,000 troops go overseas as the Força Expedicionária Brasileira

1950 – Althea Gibson is first black tennis player accepted at U.S. national competition



1953 – The  French penal colony on Devil’s Island is permanently closed

1964 – Martha & The Vandellas release “Dancin’ in the Streets” and The Supremes hit #1 on the Billboard Hot 100 for the first time with “Where Did Our Love Go”


1964 – Diane Setterfield born, British novelist and academic; noted for her Gothic romance The Thirteenth Tale, and a ghost story, Bellman & Black



1972 – Due to Rhodesia’s racist policies, the country is asked to withdraw from Olympics

1977 – Keren Cytter born, Israeli visual and performance artist, and novelist

1986 – Kerr-McGee agrees to pay the Karen Silkwood estate $1.36 million to settle her nuclear contamination lawsuit, which had been going through appeals for 10 years

1990 – Angry smokers block a Moscow street protesting summer-long cigarette shortages

1993 – Jayne Howard Feldman establishes Be an Angel Day * to encourage kindness

2003 – Alabama’s chief justice, Roy Moore, is suspended for his refusal to obey a federal court order to remove his Ten Commandments monument from the courthouse rotunda

2004 – Edvard Munch’s famous painting, The Scream, and another Munch painting are stolen at gunpoint from the Munch Museum in Oslo, Norway



2005 – The last Jewish settlers are escorted out of the Gaza strip by Israeli security forces, so demolition of their homesteads can begin. The average settler receives the equivalent of over U.S. $200,000 as compensation

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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
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