September 26, 2018

September 26th is

National Pancake Day *

World Contraception Day *

U.N. International Day for Total
Elimination of Nuclear Weapons*

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MORE! Bertha De Vriese, Winsor McCay and Suzanne Belperron, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

China – Qufu:
International Confucius Culture Festival

Yemen – First Day of September Revolution

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On This Day in HISTORY

46 BC – Julius Caesar dedicates a temple to his mythical ancestor Venus Genetrix

1493 – Pope Alexander issues the Papal Bull Dudum siquidem, granting their Catholic Majesties Ferdinand and Isabella of Spain ownership of roughly half of the world, its peoples and its riches

1580 – Sir Francis Drake completes circumnavigation of the world, sailing into Plymouth aboard the Golden Hind



1687 – The Parthenon is damaged by bombing from Venetian forces besieging Ottoman Turks stationed in Athens

1767 – Wenzel Müller born, Austrian composer and conductor



1774 – John Chapman better known as “Johnny Appleseed” born, American eccentric nurseryman and conservationist who planted 1000s of apple trees in the Midwest

1789 – Thomas Jefferson appointed as first U.S. Secretary of State; John Jay as first Supreme Court Chief Justice; Samuel Osgood as Postmaster General, and Edmund Randolph as Attorney General

1791 – Jean-Louis Théodore Gericault born, French painter and lithographer, a pioneer of the Romantic Movement; best known for his over-life-size painting, The Raft of the Medusa, which depicted a shipwreck that became a national scandal when it was discovered that the captain and crew of the French ship Medusa had abandoned 151 passengers on an improvised raft in the open ocean off the west coast of Africa. Only 15 of the passengers were alive when the raft was found by the Argus, and 5 of them died within days    


1810 – Former Marshal of France Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte is elected as the heir presumptive to the Swedish throne



1820 – Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar born in British India, Bengali polymath who was a key figure in the Bengal Renaissance; philosopher, writer, translator, publisher, reformer and philanthropist; he significantly simplified and modernized the Bengali alphabet and prose. Vidyasagar was a champion of uplifting the status of women, and campaigned for the Hindu Widows Remarriage Act, passed in 1856, which legalized the remarriage of Hindu widows. Many of the widows were child brides who had been the third or fourth wives of elderly men. Sometimes these marriages had never been consummated, but all widows were expected to be resigned to living chastely and austerely. In practice, many of them faced near-starvation, hard labour, and effectively were under ‘house arrest.’ Often, young widows escaped and became prostitutes. The act upheld the legitimacy of any children from a second marriage, and also provided legal safeguards against loss of some forms of inheritance when a widow remarried, but she had to renounce her claim on any inheritance from her deceased husband when she married again

1849 – Ivan Pavlov born, Russian physiologist



1862 – Arthur B. Davies born, American painter, printmaker and tapestry designer

1865 – Dame Mary Russell, Duchess of Bedford born, British pilot who set a record in 1929 flying 10,000 miles round trip between the U.K and India in 8 days; she was an ornithologist, interested in bird migration; Russell founded 4 hospitals in Woburn and Woburn Abbey, and worked as a nurse and radiographer from 1914 through the 1930s; member of the Women’s Tax Resistance League, which used tax resistance to protest excluding British women from the right to vote

1867 – Winsor McCay born, American illustrator and animator; notable for his comic strip Little Nemo in Slumberland 


Panel showing one of Little Nemo’s fantastic dreams


1875 – Mary Elisabeth Dreier born, social reformer focusing on working women, woman suffrage, and social improvement

1876 – Edith Abbott born, economist, social worker, educator and author; pioneer in making social work a profession; assistant director of the School of Civics and Philanthropy in Chicago, which merged with the University of Chicago as its graduate school in social work; in 1924, she became its dean—the first female dean of any graduate school in the United States 

1877 – Bertha De Vriese born, Belgian doctor. Girls in Belgium were not allowed even secondary education until 1864, and could not go on to higher education until 1876.In 1890, they were finally allowed to attend medical school, but only if they had a completion certificate for secondary schooling, or passed an equivalency test. De Vriese was home schooled, so she studied for and passed the equivalency test in 1893.
She was the first woman admitted to the medical school at Ghent University, first woman to do research there, and first woman to graduate, summa cum laude, with a diploma for medicine, obstetrics and gynecology in 1900. She was awarded 95 out of 100 points and a gold medal for a paper on blood vessels which she submitted for a university competition. After further studies abroad, she returned to Ghent in 1903, and applied for a position in the university’s lab, where she underwent a two-year training program as an assistant, and applied for an extension to complete her training, but was denied, in spite of glowing recommendations, ending her hopes for a career in research. After working in the pediatric ward at Ghent’s Bijloke Hospital, De Vriese opened a private pediatric clinic; she later became the Bijloke children’s ward director, and a public school medical inspector


 


1887 – Sir Barnes Wallis born, British scientist, engineer and inventor; know for inventing a bouncing bomb used in the WWII “Dambusters” raid on the dams of the Ruhr Valley; he was also a pioneer in the use of geodetic construction in aircraft design, developing with John Edwin Temple a stronger but lighter airframe out of an alloy, which became the framework for Britain’s larger bombers

1888 – T.S. Eliot born in America, British poet, essayist, playwright and publisher



1889 – Martin Heidegger born, German philosopher, member of the Nazi party

1891 – Charles Munch born in Strasbourg, Alsace-Lorraine, Conductor; remains in France conducting the Orchestre de la Société des Concerts du Conservatoire during the German WWII occupation to help maintain the morale of the French people, but refuses conducting engagements in Germany or to conduct contemporary German works. He protects members of his orchestra from the Gestapo and contributes from his income to the French Resistance; receives the Légion d’honneur with the red ribbon in 1945; Boston Symphony Orchestra (1949-1962); director of the Berkshire Music Center at Tanglewood (1951-1962)



1891 – Hans Reichenbach born, influential proponent of logical empiricism;  in 1933, Reichenbach was dismissed from his appointment at the University of Berlin under the Nazi “Race Laws” due to his Jewish ancestry; he immigrated to Turkey



1893 – Frederika “Freda” Kirchwey born, American journalist, publisher, and editor of The Nation (1933-1955); liberal activist

1898 – George Gershwin born, American composer and songwriter who combines Broadway, jazz and orchestral music in his compositions; Rhapsody in Blue,  An American in Paris and Porgy and Bess 



1900 – Suzanne Belperron born, influential French jewelry designer; head of the Herz-Belperron company



1905 – Albert Einstein’s paper, On the Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies, is published

1907 – New Zealand and Newfoundland become dominions within the British Empire

1914 – The Federal Trade Commission Act establishes the FTC

1917 – Trần Đức Thảo born, Vietnamese philosopher who wrote primarily in French;  Recherches sur l’origine du langage et de la conscience (Investigations into the Origin of Language and Consciousness)

1919 – Matilde Camus born, Spanish poet and non-fiction writer

1925 – Marty Robbins born, American country-western singer-songwriter and NASCAR driver; “A White Sport Coat and a Pink Carnation” sold over a million copies



1927 – The St. James Theatre opens in New York City

1933 – ‘Machine Gun’ Kelly surrenders to the FBI, shouting “Don’t shoot, G-Men!” which becomes a nickname for FBI agents

1934 – The ocean liner RMS Queen Mary is launched



1937 – Bessie Smith, American blues singer, is fatally injured in a car crash, and dies the following morning; (music starts at :54)



1942 – Gloria Evangelina Anzaldúa born, American scholar of Chicana cultural theory, feminist theory, and queer theory; her book, Borderlands/La Frontera: The New Mestiza, is loosely based on her life growing up on the Mexican-Texas border



1942 – August Frank, administrative chief of the Order Police of the SS-Wirtschafts-Verwaltungshauptamt, issues a memorandum containing operational detail on how Jews should be “evacuated” including what to do with the underwear of those killed

1946 – Andrea Dworkin born, controversial American author and radical feminist who campaigned against pornography and prostitution, which she viewed as linked to violence against women; Woman Hating, Right-Wing Women, Pornography: Men Possessing Women and Intercourse



1946 – Louise “Weezie” Simonson born, American comic book writer and editor; honored with the Inkpot Award for Outstanding Achievement in Comic Arts in 1992

1949 – Jane Smiley born, American novelist; 1992 Pulitzer Prize for A Thousand Acres



1949 – Minette Walters born, English crime and historical fiction author; noted for The Ice House, which won the 1992 John Creasey Award for best first novel from the Crime Writers’ Association, The Sculptress, which won an Edgar Award from the Mystery Writers of America, and The Scold’s Bride, winner of the CWA Gold Dagger

1950 – United Nations troops recapture the South Korean capital of Seoul from the North Koreans

1957 – West Side Story, music and lyrics by Leonard Bernstein and Stephen Sondheim,  opens on Broadway



1960 – The first televised presidential debate, between Richard Nixon and John F. Kennedy

1961 – Marianne Mikko born, Estonian Social Democratic politician; Member of the Estonian Parliament since 2011, serving on the Committee on Political Affairs and Democracy;  Member of the European Parliament (2004-2009), serving on the Committee on Culture and Education, and the Committee on Fisheries 

1973 – The Concorde makes its first non-stop transatlantic flight in record time



1983 – Australia II wins the America’s Cup Yacht Race, the first time a U.S. team has ever lost the cup in 132 years



1990 – The Motion Picture Association of America announces the NC-17 rating

1992 – A bilateral summit between delegations of the ANC and the South African Government, led respectively by Nelson Mandela and President De Klerk, agrees on a record of understanding

1997 – Part of the Basilica of St. Francis at Assisi collapses during an earthquake

2000 – Anti-globalization protests by crowds of up to 20,000 protesters in Prague for the IMF/World Bank summits turn violent

2005 – Pancake Day * begins as “Eat Like a Lumberjack Day”

2005 – Army Pfc. Lynndie England is convicted by a military jury on six counts stemming from the Abu Ghraib prison abuse scandal

2007 – Myanmar begins a violent crackdown on protests, beating and dragging away dozens of monks



2007 – First World Contraception Day * is supported by the World Health Organization (WHO) and numerous women’s health organizations, including Planned Parenthood

2008 – Swiss pilot and inventor Yves Rossy becomes first person to fly a jet engine-powered wing across the English Channel

2013 – The UN General Assembly designates September 26th as the International Day for the Total Elimination of Nuclear Weapons – it was the subject of the General Assembly’s  first resolution in 1946, and continues to be a priority goal


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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
This entry was posted in History, Holidays, On This Day and tagged , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

6 Responses to September 26, 2018

  1. Malisha says:

    Andrea Dworkin has been called “the Malcolm X of Feminism.”

  2. Craig Edgerton says:

    1973 – The Concorde makes its first non-stop transatlantic flight in record time
    Weren’t most transatlantic flights intended to be non-stop?

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