ON THIS DAY: September 27, 2018

September 27th is

Ancestor Appreciation Day

Crush A Can Day (recycle)

National Chocolate Milk Day

World Tourism Day *

Gay Men’s HIV/AIDS Awareness Day *

_________________________________________

MORE!   Fatema Mernissi, Yasser Arafat and Anita Hill, click

_________________________________________

WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Belgium – French Community Day

Eritrea and Ethiopia – Meskel
(Discovery of the True Cross)

Madagascar – St. Vincent de Paul Day
(Patron saint)

Turkmenistan – Independence Day

_________________________________________

On This Day in HISTORY

808 – Emperor Ninmyō born, reigned as the 54th Emperor of Japan (833-850)

1066 – William the Conqueror and his army set sail for England for the Norman Conquest. Tostig and Hardrada, allies of William, had already defeated the local Northumbrian forces at the Battle of Fulford


Battle of Hastings as shown on the Bayeux Tapestry


1389 – Cosimo de Medici born, Florentine ruler

1540 – A Papal Bull establishes the Society of Jesus, the Jesuits, as a religious order

1552 – Flaminio Scala born, stage name Flavio, major figure in Commedia dell’Arte, actor-manager, playwright, and producer-director; author of the first published collection of commedia scenarios, Il Teatro delle Favole Rappresentative, which inspired Lope de Vega, William Shakespeare, Ben Jonson, and Molière



1590 – Pope Urban VII dies 13 days after being chosen as the Pope, making his reign the shortest papacy in history

1672 – The fourth and last ‘Africa Company’ in Great Britain obtains a charter giving it the British monopoly for the slave trade from Africa

1722 – Samuel Adams born, American philosopher and Founding Father



1777 – Lancaster, PA, becomes the American capital for one day when the British capture Philadelphia and the Continental Congress flees. The next day, the revolutionary government moves to York, PA, which became the capital for the next 9 months

1779 – John Adams is selected to negotiate peace terms with the British

1822 – Jean-François Champollion announces the successful transliteration of  Egyptian script on the Rosetta Stone



1824 – Benjamin Gould born, American astronomer, establishes The Astronomical Journal, a peer-reviewed scientific publication, and discovers the Gould Belt, a partial ring of stars in the Milky Way

1825 – George Stephenson operates the first locomotive to haul a passenger train, for the Stockton and Darlington Railway, in Britain

1840 – Thomas Nast born in Germany, American political cartoonist


 

1874 – Thomas Nast Republican Elephant cartoon in Harper’s Weekly


1861 – Corinne Roosevelt Robinson born, American writer, poet, and public speaker; sister of Theodore and aunt of Eleanor; first woman called on to second a nomination of a Presidential candidate of a major U.S. political party, at the 1920 Republican convention, for Leonard Wood, but he loses the nomination to Warren G. Harding; out of love and admiration for Eleanor, she does not campaign for Hoover in 1932, voting for FDR



1871 – Grazia Deledda born, Italian author, Nobel Prize laureate

1874 – Myrtle Reed born, author, poet, journalist and philanthropist; published under pen-name Olive Green.

1879 – Cyril Meir Scott born, English composer, writer and poet



1886 – Wilhelmina (Minnie) Vautrin born, American missionary to China, who will save the lives of many women and girls when the Japanese invade Nanjing in 1937

1894 – The Aqueduct Race Track opens in New York

1898 – Vincent Youmans born, American songwriter for Broadway and Hollywood; “Tea for Two,”  “More Than You Know,” “Flying Down to Rio,” “I Want to Be Happy” and many others, with a long list of lyricists as collaborators



1905 – The physics journal Annalen der Physik receives Albert Einstein’s paper “Does the Inertia of a Body Depend Upon Its Energy Content?” which introduces E= mc²

1908 – First production of a ‘Model T’ Ford at the Ford Motor plant in Detroit MI

1911 – Marcey Jacobson born, American photographer; a socialist and lesbian who did most of her best-known work in Mexico during the McCarthy era, photographing indigenous peoples of Chiapas, in Southern Mexico



Iglesia Chamula, Chiapas, Mexico, by Marcey Jacobson


1916 – Iyasu V is deposed as ruler of Ethiopia, his aunt becomes Empress Zewditu, the first female head of an internationally recognized state in 20th century Africa, and the last Empress regnant to date

1918 – Sir Martin Ryle born, English physicist and astronomer; develops revolutionary radio telescope systems, used for accurate location and imaging of weak radio sources

1924 – Earl “Bud” Powell born, American jazz pianist and composer



1928 – The U.S. announces its recognition of the Nationalist Chinese government

1928 – Margaret Rule born, British archaeologist, leader of the project to excavate and raise the Tudor warship Mary Rose in the 1980s


Margaret Rule in 1980 – project director for lifting the Mary Rose


1932 – Marcia Neugebauer born, American geophysicist whose work yielded the first direct measurements of the solar wind

1938 – The League of Nations brands the Japanese as aggressors in China

1938 – “Thanks for the Memory” is heard for the first time on radio’s Bob Hope Show

1938 – Artie Shaw records “Nightmare”



1939 – Carol Lynn Pearson born, American poet, author, screenwriter and playwright. A fourth-generation member of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, more commonly known as the Mormon Church, she is best known for her memoir,  Goodbye, I Love You, about her marriage to Gerald Neils Pearson, a gay man who died of AIDS. They were both devout Mormons, and he told her while they were engaged that he had engaged in sexual relationships with men, but had left that ‘phase’ of his life behind. Mormon authorities assured the couple that marriage would turn him into a heterosexual, but after 12 years of marriage and four children, they separated and then divorced in 1978. When he was being diagnosed with AIDS in 1984, he returned to live with his ex-wife and children, and she cared for him until his death. Since then, Pearson has been an unofficial spokesperson for acceptance of gay people by their Mormon families, and for a stronger leadership role for women in the Mormon community



1939 – Warsaw, Poland, surrenders after weeks of resistance to invading forces from Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union during World War II

1940 – Fatema Mernissi born, Moroccan sociologist and scholar, one of the founders of Islamic feminism



1941 – The SS Patrick Henry is launched, the first of over 2,700 Liberty ships

1947 – Meat Loaf born as Marvin Aday, American singer-songwriter, record producer

1953 – Diane Abbott born, British Labour Party MP for Hackney North and Stoke Newington, the first black woman to hold a seat in the House of Commons


Shadow health secretary Diane Abbott at 2016 Labour conference


1954 – The “Tonight!” show debuts on NBC-TV with Steve Allen as host

1961 – Sierra Leone becomes the 100th member of the United Nations

1962 – Rachel Carson’s Silent Spring is published; in Sweden, their word for pesticides is changed to mean biocide because Carson argues that ‘insecticide’ is inaccurate as all living things are being poisoned through water and soil contamination



1964 – The Beach Boys perform “I Get Around” on the Ed Sullivan Show

1964 – The Warren Commission issues its report concluding that Lee Harvey Oswald acted alone in assassinating President John F. Kennedy

1964 – Tracy Camp born, American computer scientist, noted for wireless network research, and her leadership in broadening participation in computer science; Association for Computing Machinery 2006 Distinguished Scientist, named an ACM Fellow in 2012

1966 – Stephanie D. Wilson born, American aerospace engineer and NASA astronaut; second African American woman in space



1968 – Mari Kiviniemi born, Finnish politician, second woman Prime Minister of Finland (2010-2011); since 2014, Deputy Secretary General of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)

1970 – Jordan’s King Hussein and Al Fatah guerrilla leader Yasser Arafat meet in Cairo with ten Arab chiefs of state and sign an agreement ending the civil war in Jordan


King Hussein and Yasser Arafat


1973 – U.S. Vice President Spiro Agnew insists he won’t resign after “no contest” plea to change of tax evasion, but does resign October 10

1979 – U.S. Congress gives final approval to Department of Education Organization Act, establishing the federal agency

1980 – The U.N. World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) promotes the first World Tourism Day *

1981 – Sophie Crumb born in the U.S., American-French comics artist who has lived most of her life in France since age 9. Best known for her Belly Button comix

1986 – U.S. Congress passes Tax Reform Act to simplify the tax code, and eliminate several tax shelters and loopholes, but many of them were quickly restored again

1989 – Columbia Pictures Entertainment buys out Sony Corporation for $3.4 billion

1991 – The Senate Judiciary Committee deadlocks, 7-7, on the nomination of Clarence Thomas to the U.S. Supreme Court



1991 – The U.S. eliminates all land-based tactical nuclear arms and calls on Soviet Union to do the same

1994 – The “Contract with America” signed by more than 300 Republican Congressional candidates is unveiled at a press conference: shrink government, cut spending, slash government assistance programs to restore “individual responsibility,” cut taxes and eliminate government regulations

1995 – Redesigned $100 bill features larger off-center portrait of Benjamin Franklin



1996 – The Taliban drives the government of Afghani President Burhanuddin Rabbani out of Kabul, captures Afghanistan’s capital and executes former leader Najibullah

2004 – North Korea announces it turned 8,000 spent nuclear fuel rods into nuclear weapons as a deterrent against U.S. “nuclear threats” and to “prevent” nuclear war in
northeast Asia. U.S. State Department issues statement that the U.S has no plans to attack North Korea

2007 – NASA launches the Dawn probe to study objects in the asteroid belt

2008 – National Association of People with AIDS (NAPWA) launches Gay Men’s HIV/AIDS Awareness Day *



2009 – Voters in the German Federal elections re-elect Angela Merkel for a second term as Chancellor of Germany


_________________________________________

About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
This entry was posted in History, Holidays, On This Day and tagged , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.