ON THIS DAY: November 1, 2018

November 1st is

National Author’s Day *

National Calzone Day

Extra Mile Day *

Prime Meridian Day *

World Vegan Day *

Native American Heritage Month *

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MORE! Hannah Höch, Red Fox James and Nicholasa Mohr, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Christian: All Saints’ Day

Algeria – Revolution Day

Antigua & Barbuda –
Independence Day

Bhutan – Druk Gyalpo Coronation

Ecuador – Cuenca Independence

Haiti – Port-au-Prince:
Fet Gede (1st day)

Liberia – Thanksgiving Day

Mexico – Día de Muertos
(Day of the Dead – begins October 31 eve)

U.S. Virgin Islands –
David Hamilton Jackson Day *

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On This Day in HISTORY

1009 – Battle of Alcolea: in Spain, the Berber army of Sulayman ibn al-Hakim, in alliance with Count Sancho Garcia of Castile, defeats the Umayyad forces of the Caliph of Cordoba, Muhammad II ibn Hisham

1141 – Empress Matilda’s reign as ‘Lady of the English’ ends as Stephen of Blois takes the throne of England



1512 – Michelangelo’s Sistine Chapel ceiling is first viewed publicly



1519 – Spanish Conqustador Hernán Cortés and his soldiers leave Cholula (in the modern-day state of Puebla, Mexico) and pass through Huejotzingo, on their way to conquer Tenochtitlán, capital city of the Aztecs

1555 – French Huguenots establish the France Antarctique colony on Guannabara Bay in Brazil – in 1567, the Portuguese destroy it and expel the French Protestants

1604 – William Shakespeare’s tragedy Othello debuts at Whitehall Palace in London

Whitehall Palace, artist concept, around 1530 – artist unknown


1609 – Sir Matthew Hale born, English barrister, judge and legal scholar; notable for his treatise Historia Placitorum Coronæ, (The History of the Pleas of the Crown)

1611 – Shakespeare’s play The Tempest is performed for the first time, also at Whitehall Palace in London

1683 – The British Crown colony of New York is subdivided into 12 counties

1765 – The Stamp Act, ‘Duties in American Colonies Act,’ goes into effect, imposing a direct tax on the colonies and requiring that paper produced in London carrying the embossed revenue stamp must used for many printed materials in the colonies – the tax had to be paid in British currency instead of colonial paper money. The British government claimed the tax was necessary to support trips sent to America to protect the colonists from the Indians, but the Americans insisted they could protect themselves

1790 – Edmund Burke publishes Reflections on the Revolution in France, predicting that the French Revolution will end in a disaster



1798 – Sir Benjamin Guinness born, Irish brewer, first lord mayor of Dublin under the reformed corporation (1851), and philanthropist; grandson of the brewery’s founder, Arthur Guinness, who develops export trade of stout to the U.S., the foundation of the family fortune

1800 – John Adams, 2nd U.S. President, becomes the first president to live in the Executive Mansion (now called the White House)


Executive Mansion, etching circa 1800


1814 – Congress of Vienna opens to re-draw the European political map after the defeat of the French in the Napoleonic Wars

1815 – Crawford W. Long born, American physician and pioneer in the use of anesthetics

1848 – In Boston, MA, the first medical school for women opens, The Boston Female Medical School (it later merges with Boston University School of Medicine)

1849 – William Merritt Chase born, American Impressionist painter; teacher of Georgia O’Keefe and Edward Hopper

1856 – The first photography magazine, Daguerreian Journal, is published in NYC



1861 – American General George McClellan becomes the Union Armies’ general-in-chief

1864 – U.S. Post Office starts selling money orders, a safer way to mail payments

1870 – U.S. Weather Bureau, originally within the Department of War, makes its first official meteorological forecast (later moved to the Department of Agriculture, then the Department of Commerce, and renamed the National Weather Service)

1871 – Stephen Crane born, American writer best remembered for his novel The Red Badge of Courage



1877 – Roger Cuthbert Quilter born, English composer

1880 – Grantland Rice born, American syndicated columnist and sportswriter; the Football Writers Association established the Grantland Rice Memorial Award in 1954



1880 – Sholem Asch born in Poland, Jewish novelist, playwright and essayist who wrote in Yiddish, who emigrated to the U.S.

1880 – Alfred Wegener born, German polar researcher, geophysicist and meteorologist; originator of the Continental Drift theory

1884 – Prime Meridian Day * – Representatives from 25 nations meet in Washington DC, and decide to use the British designation of Greenwich as the Prime Meridian as an international standard, instead of each nation using a meridian that runs through their country as its Prime

1885 – Anton Flettner born, German aviation engineer and inventor; in addition to his contributions to aviation, he developed the Flettner Rotor ship which uses 90 % less fuel, and a much smaller crew than conventional ocean liners

1886 – Sakutarō  Hagiwara born, Japanese poet of the Taishō and early Shōwa periods, who freed Japanese verse from the traditional rules; “father of modern colloquial Japanese poetry”


Sakuturo Hagiwara 1943, by Onchi Koshiro


1894 – Nicholas II becomes the last Tsar of Russia after his father Alexander III dies

1894 – Thomas Edison films sharpshooter Annie Oakley

1896 – A picture showing the bare breasts of a woman appears in National Geographic magazine for the first time

1897 – The first Library of Congress building opens its doors to the public; the library had previously been housed in the Congressional Reading Room in the U.S. Capitol

1889 – Hannah Höch born, German Dada artist, painter and pioneer in photomontage; notable for works exploring changing gender roles, androgyny and political discourse in the years between WWI and WWII


Life Portrait by Hannah Höch – (detail)


1898 – Sippie Wallace born, American blues singer-songwriter, called “The Texas Nightingale”



1893 – The First MatabeleWar – Battle of Bembesi:  Tens of thousands of Matabele (Ndebele Kingdom) warriors led by King Lobengula, demonstrate their courage by a frontal attack on under 700 British soldiers commanded by Major Patrick Forbes, but they are no match for the British Maxim guns. Though the detachment of British soldiers sent in pursuit of the fleeing warriors are killed, the war was won by the British at Bembesi

1899 – Sir Gavin de Beer born, British evolutionary embryologist, who stressed heterochrony, the changes in the timing or rate of events; winner of the Royal Society’s Darwin Medal

1904 – The U.S. Army War College in Washington Dc enrolls its first class

1915 – Red Fox James, a member of the Blackfoot nation, decides ride a horse from state to state seeking approval from 24 separate state governments for a day to honor the “American Indian” – in December of 1915 he presented it to the White House, apparently to no positive effect. It was not until 1990 that a joint resolution of Congress proclaimed November as Native American Heritage Month *



1915 – Margaret Taylor-Burroughs born, American painter and poet; co-founder of the DuSable Museum of African American History

1915 – David Hamilton Jackson, Labor leader, founds the St. Croix Herald, criticizing Danish colonial rule and demanding better social and economic conditions for the island’s black population. He is a leader in the sugar cane workers strike of 1915-16 over low wages and long hours, which forces plantation owners to accept a 9 hour workday and a raise from 10-25 cents to 35 cents per day – the dock worker strike which followed is also successful – The first day of the Herald’s publication is honored as a public holiday: David Hamilton Jackson Day * to encourage people to make a greater effort to fulfill their dreams



1917 – Zenna Henderson born, American science fiction and fantasy author; nominated for a Hugo Award in 1959 for her novelette Captivity; unlike many other women authors of science fiction at the time, she never used a male pseudonym



1918 – Western Ukraine gains independence from the Austro-Hungarian Empire

1920 – American fishing schooner Esperanto defeats Canadian fishing schooner Delawana in the first International Fishing Schooner Championship in Halifax, Nova Scotia



1921 – Wadih El Safi born, Lebanese songwriter-composer, ‘the Voice of Lebanon’



1928 –‘Law on the Adoption and Implementation of the Turkish Alphabet’ replacing an Arabic alphabet with the Latin alphabet, comes into force in Turkey

1930 – A.R. Gurney born, American playwright and author; The Dining Room, The Cocktail Hour and Love Letters

1936 – Benito Mussolini describes the alliance between his country and Nazi Germany as an “axis” running between Rome and Berlin in a speech made in Milan

1937 – Terry and the Pirates debuts on NBC Radio

1938 – Nicholasa Mohr born in New York of Puerto Rican parents, one of the few Latina women authors in the 20th century to be published by major commercial publishing houses; her first book, Nilda (1973), which she also illustrated, won the Jane Addams Children’s Book Award; her second book, El Bronx Remembered was published by Harper & Row in 1975, and she became the first Latin woman to win the New York Outstanding Book Award



1938 – Seabiscuit defeats War Admiral in an upset victory during a match race deemed “the match of the century” in horse racing



1941 – Ansel Adams takes a picture of Moonrise over the town of Hernandez, New Mexico, that becomes one of the most famous images in the history of photography


1946 – Yuko Shimizu (清水 侑子 Shimizu Yūko) born, Japanese designer; creator of  Hello Kitty and Angel Cat Sugar

1948 – Amani Karume born, President of Zanzibar (2000-2010); Zanzibar House of Representatives (1990-2000)

1949 – The U.S. Department of Commerce declares Author’s Day * as an official national day. First proposed in 1928 as a tribute to American Authors by schoolteacher Nellie Verne Burt McPherson to members of the Bement Illinois Women’s Club, and then the General Federation of Women’s Clubs

1951 – Operation Buster-Jangle: 6,500 American soldiers are exposed to ‘Desert Rock’ atomic explosions for training purposes in Nevada –participation is not voluntary

1952 – The U.S. tests the first hydrogen bomb, at Eniwetok in the Marshall Islands

1953 – Jan Davis born, American astronaut and aerospace engineer; first worked for NASA at the Marshall Space Flight Center as an engineer, then named team leader in the Structural Analysis Division in 1986, where she worked on the Hubble Space Telescope; she became an astronaut in 1987, assigned to the Astronaut Office Mission Development Branch, then handled communications with Shuttle crews at Mission Control, and flew on three space shuttle missions, logging over 673 hours in space between 1992 and 1997



1954 – Front de Libération Nationale fires first shots of Algerian War of Independence

1957 – Mackinac Bridge, world’s longest suspension bridge between anchorages at the time, opens to traffic connecting Michigan’s upper and lower peninsulas



1959 – Susanna Clarke born, English author, her first novel, Jonathan Strange & Mr Norrell, won a Hugo Award; also noted for short story collection, The Ladies of Grace Adieu and Other Stories



1961 – Louise Boije of Gennäs born, Swedish feminist writer; noted for her best-selling semi-autobiographical novel,  Stjärnor utan svindel (Stars Without Vertigo)

1963 – Arecibo Observatory in Puerto Rico, with the largest radio telescope ever constructed, officially opens



1964 – Nita Ambani born, influential Indian businesswoman and philanthropist; co-founder and chair of Reliance Foundation, one of the largest private foundations in India, which sponsors education programs and scholarships, Braille materials for the blind, and a cornea transplant program

1964 – The Dave Clark Five performed “Glad All Over” on The Ed Sullivan Show



1968 – The Motion Picture Association of America’s film rating system is officially introduced, originating with the ratings G, M, R, and X

1973 –Leon Jaworski is appointed as the new Watergate Special Prosecutor

1978 – Helen Czerski born, English physicist and oceanographer; Research Fellow in the department of mechanical engineering at  University College London; previously at the Institute for Sound and Vibration Research at the University of Southampton; much of her research focuses on ocean bubbles; regular presenter on science programs for the BBC, and has columns in BBC Focus magazine and the Wall Street Journal; author of Storm in a Teacup: The Physics of Everyday Life; won the 2018 Lord Kelvin Medal and Prize from the Institute of Physics



1981 – U.S. Postal Service raises a first-class letter stamp to 20 cents

1982 – Honda is the first Asian automobile company to produce cars in a U. S. factory when their Marysville, Ohio opens; the Honda Accord is the first car produced there

1993 – The Maastricht Treaty takes effect, formally establishing the European Union

1994 – First World Vegan Day * started on the 50th anniversary of the U.K. Vegan Society – the term ‘vegan’ was coined by Donald Watson to differentiate people who do not eat dairy, eggs or any other foods derived from animals from vegetarians, who do



1995 – Bosnia peace talks open in Dayton, Ohio, formally opened by U.S. Secretary of State Warren Christopher; in addition to the negotiators representing Serbia, Bosnia and Croatia, there are British, French, German and Russian negotiators present

1999 – The National Library of South Africa Act, 1998 (Act 92 of 1998), comes into effect and creates the National Library of South Africa (NLSA) an amalgamation of the State Library in Pretoria and the South African Library in Cape Town

2000 – The Republic of Serbia and Montenegro joins the United Nations

2009 – Shawn Anderson of the Extra Mile America Foundation starts Extra Mile Day *

2011 – China launches its unmanned Shenzhou 8 spacecraft on a mission to robotically dock with the orbiting Tiangong 1 space station module



2011 – U.S. President Barak Obama designates portions of Fort Monroe in Hampton, Virginia, as a National Monument. The site had been a strategic defensive fortification since 1609, and as Fort Monroe, remained in Union hands throughout the U.S. Civil War, becoming a symbol of hope and freedom for slaves who escaped their Southern masters, who found refuge and work at the fort


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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
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3 Responses to ON THIS DAY: November 1, 2018

  1. Malisha says:

    For years I have remembered the beginning lines of a quotation about Dada:
    “Dada, c’est tout, ce n’est rien.” … [English translation: “Dada, it is everything, it is nothing.”]
    But I can’t remember the rest of it, or who said it, or what it really was about. Anybody know?

    • wordcloud9 says:

      Although I couldn’t find the exact quote, I suspect it was probably from Tristan Tzara, who wrote the Dada Manifesto, which is surprisingly long and involved, given that Dada is supposed to mean Nothing.

      Here are some excerpts his Manifesto:

      Dada Manifesto
      by Tristan Tzara
      23rd March 1918

      (I skipped the prologue, which was railing against journalists)

      Dada Means Nothing

      And so Dada was born of a need for independence, of a distrust toward unity. Those who are with us preserve their freedom. We recognize no theory. We have enough cubist and futurist academies: laboratories of formal ideas. Is the aim of art to make money and cajole the nice nice bourgeois? Rhymes ring with the assonance of the currencies and the inflexion slips along the line of the belly in profile. All groups of artists have arrived at this trust company utter riding their steeds on various comets. While the door remains open to the possibility of wallowing in cushions and good things to eat.

      (snip)

      The new painter creates a world, the elements of which are also its implements, a sober, definite work without argument. The new artist protests: he no longer paints (symbolic and illusionist reproduction) but creates directly in stone, wood, iron, tin, boulders—locomotive organisms capable of being turned in all directions by the limpid wind of momentary sensation. All pictorial or plastic work is useless: let it then be a monstrosity that frightens servile minds, and not sweetening to decorate the refectories of animals in human costume, illustrating the sad fable of mankind

      * * *

      Philosophy is the question: from which side shall we look at life, God, the idea or other phenomena. Everything one looks at is false. I do not consider the relative result more important than the choice between cake and cherries after dinner. The system of quickly looking at the other side of a thing in order to impose your opinion indirectly is called dialectics, in other words, haggling over the spirit of fried potatoes while dancing method around it.
      If I cry out:
      Ideal, ideal, ideal,
      Knowledge, knowledge, knowledge,
      Boomboom, boomboom, boomboom,

      I have given a pretty faithful version of progress, law, morality and all other fine qualities that various highly intelligent men have discussed in so many books, only to conclude that after all everyone dances to his own personal boomboom, and that the writer is entitled to his Tzara, “Dada Manifesto 1918” boomboom: the satisfaction of pathological curiosity a private bell for inexplicable needs; a bath; pecuniary difficulties; a stomach with repercussions in tile; the authority of the mystic wand formulated as the bouquet of a phantom orchestra made up of silent fiddle bows greased with filters made of chicken manure.

      • wordcloud9 says:

        An art professor who couldn’t get the idea of Dada across to his students wrote a Dada play, in which I got to be the Woman With Bicycle and repeat some lines from John Dos Passos like a Mantra. I don’t know if anybody got a better understanding of Dadaism from it, but we had a lot of laughs in rehearsals.

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