ON THIS DAY: December 11, 2018

December 11th is

Have a Bagel Day

Kaleidoscope Day *

UNICEF Founding Day *

International Mountain Day *

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MORE! Kamehameha V, Mildred Cleghorn and Che Guevara, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Austria – Mayrhofen:
Altitude Comedy Festival

Burkina Faso – Independence Day

Finland – Helsinki: Tuomaan Markkinat
(St. Thomas Christmas Market- until 12-22-18)

Malaysia – Selangor:
Birthday of the Sultan

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On This Day in HISTORY

361 – Julian ‘the apostate’ enters Constantinople as sole Emperor of the Roman Empire



630 – Muhammad leads an army of 10,000 to conquer Mecca

1282 – Battle of Orewin Bridge: Llewelyn ap Gruffydd, the last native Prince of Wales, is killed at Cilmeri, in central Wales

1688 – Glorious Revolution: James II of England, trying to flee to France, allegedly throws the Great Seal of the Realm into the Thames



1719 – The first recorded sighting of the aurora borealis takes place in New England

1758 – Carl Friedrich Zelter born, German composer and conductor

1769 – Edward Beran of London patents venetian blinds

1781 – Kaleidoscope Day * – Sir David Brewster born, Scottish mathematician, astronomer and science historian; noted for his contributions to the field of optics, and as the inventor of the kaleidoscope



1789 – North Carolina General Assembly charters the University of North Carolina

1792 – King Louis XVI of France is put on trial for treason by the revolutionary National Convention

1803 – Hector Berlioz born, French composer and conductor



1810 – Alfred de Musset born, French poet and playwright



1815 – The U.S. Senate creates a select committee on finance and a uniform national currency, predecessor of the United States Senate Committee on Finance

1830 – Kamehameha V born, fifth monarch of the Kingdom of Hawaii (1863-1872)



1843 – Robert H. Koch born, German physician and microbiologist; identified the causative agents of tuberculosis, cholera and anthrax; “founder of modern bacteriology”

1844 – Dr. Horace Wells becomes the first patient to have a tooth extracted under anesthetic (Nitrous Oxide)

1863 – Annie Jump Cannon born, American astronomer; co-creator with Edward Pickering of the Harvard Classification Scheme; her cataloging work, classifying 350,000 stars, was a major contribution to the development of contemporary stellar classification; she had to overcome being nearly deaf throughout her career; a suffragist and member of the National Women’s Party, she worked to help women gain acceptance and respect within the astronomical community;  The American Astronomical Society presents the annual Annie Jump Cannon Award for distinguished work in astronomy to female astronomers



1882 – Boston’s Bijou Theater has its premiere performance, the first American playhouse lit exclusively by electricity

1882 – Fiorello La Guardia born, the first Mayor of New York to serve three consecutive terms in modern times



1900 – Hermína Týrlová born, Czech filmmaker, animator and screenwriter; produced over 60 animated shorts using puppets and stop action animation

1904 – ‘Marge’ born as Marjorie Henderson, American cartoonist, creator of Little Lulu



1910 – Mildred Cleghorn born aka Eh-Ohn or Lay-a-Bet, Chiricahua Apache, first chair of the Fort Sill Apache Tribe (1976-1995), educator and traditional doll maker. She was one of the last Chiricahua Apaches to be born under “prisoner of war” status; she worked as a home extension agent (a federal program through land grant colleges) and a home economics teacher. She was a cultural leader and worked to sustain the history and traditional culture of the Chiricahua people. Some of her dolls were exhibited at the 1967 Smithsonian Folklife Festival. In 1996, she was one of a group of plaintiffs from several tribes filing a class action lawsuit against the federal government for failure to properly manage Indian trust assets on behalf of all present and past individual Indian trust beneficiaries, Cobell v. Salazar, which was settled in 2009 for $3.4 billion USD in favor of the plaintiffs. Cleghorn died in 1997. The suit was finally settled one week after what would have been her 99th birthday if she had lived



1911 – Naguib Mahfouz born, Egyptian author, playwright, and screenwriter; 1988 Nobel Prize for Literature



1916 – Elena Garro born, Mexican novelist and playwright; noted for the political and social causes in her work, including Indian rights; she was married to Octavio Paz (1937-1959)

1918 – Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn born, Russian novelist and historian, 1970 Nobel Prize in Literature; outspoken critic of the Soviet Union



1922 – Grace Paley born, American author and poet



1925 – Roman Catholic papal encyclical Quas primas (Latin: ‘in the first’) introduces the Feast of Christ the King – endorsing Christ’s claim to kingship as creator and redeemer, extending it over all societies as well as individuals, which owe Christ obligations and submission as king

1926 – Big Mama Thornton born, American singer-songwriter



1928 – Buenos Aires police thwart an assassination of President-elect Herbert Hoover

1929 – Sir Kenneth MacMillian born, Scots-English choreographer



1930 – The Bank of the United States in New York fails

1931 – Statute of Westminster 1931: British Parliament establishes legislative equality between the UK and the Dominions of the Commonwealth—Australia, Canada,  Newfoundland, New Zealand, South Africa, and Ireland

1934 – Bill Wilson, co-founder of Alcoholics Anonymous, takes his last drink and enters treatment for the last time



1936 – Britain’s King Edward VIII abdicates the throne to marry American divorcee Wallis Warfield Simpson

1937 – The Fascist Council in Rome withdraws Italy from the League of Nations

1941 – Germany and Italy declare war on the United States

1943 – Mayor La Guardia dedicates New York’s City Center of Music and Drama



1946 – The UN General Assembly establishes the UN International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF) to provide relief to children in war-devastated countries, expanding its mission as times changed, becoming a vocal advocate for children, and taking part in the drafting of the Convention on the Rights of the Child which was ratified by the UN General Assembly in 1989



1948 – Arab–Israeli War: The United Nations passes General Assembly Resolution 194, creating a Conciliation Commission to mediate the conflict

1958 – French Upper Volta and French Dahomey gain self-government from France, becoming the Republic of Upper Volta and the Republic of Dahomey (now Benin), respectively, and joining the French Community

1960 – French forces crack down in a violent clash with protesters in French Algeria during a visit by French President Charles de Gaulle



1961 – An aircraft carrier carrying Army helicopters arrives in Saigon, the first direct American military support for South Vietnam

1964 – Che Guevara speaks at the United Nations General Assembly in New York City

1967 – A Concorde prototype is shown for the first time, in Toulouse, France

The Concorde prototype being assembled

1968 – The Rolling Stones Rock and Roll Circus, featuring the Rolling Stones, Jethro Tull, The Who, Taj Mahal, Marianne Faithfull, and The Dirty Mac with Yoko Ono, is filmed in Wembley, London

1971 – James Brown releases his album, Revolution of the Mind



1972 – Apollo 17 becomes the sixth and last Apollo mission to land on the Moon

1980 – Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act is enacted by U.S. Congress, setting up a $1.6 billion “superfund” for cleaning up chemical spills and toxic waste dumps

1985 – General Electric Company agrees to buy RCA Corporation for $6.3 billion, which includes NBC

1986 – South Africa expands its media restrictions by imposing prior censorship and banning coverage of a wide range of peaceful anti-apartheid protests. On the same day, Matthews Mapumolo, a member of the African National Congress (ANC), dies in police custody after a group of armed men shot him, abducted him from his home in Swaziland, then turned him over to the security police. He was one of hundreds of people who died in detention during the struggle against apartheid

1987 – Charlie Chaplin’s trademark cane and bowler hat sold at Christie’s for £82,500

1991 – Salman Rushdie, under Islamic death sentence for blasphemy, makes his first public appearance since 1989, at a dinner in NYC for the 200th anniversary of the First Amendment



1994 – Thousands of Russian troops, armored columns and jets enter Chechnya

1997 – At a global warming conference in Kyoto, Japan, over 150 countries agree to take steps to control greenhouse gas emissions

1998 – The  House Judiciary Committee’s  Republican majority push through three articles of impeachment against U.S. President Clinton

2001 – U.S. President George W. Bush announces he will withdraw the U.S. from the 1972 Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty with Russia

2002 – A congressional report finds that prior to September 11, 2001, U.S. intelligence agencies were poorly organized, poorly equipped and slow to pursue clues that might have prevented that day’s terrorist attacks



2003 – UN General Assembly designates December 11 as International Mountain Day * to increase awareness of the importance of mountains to life, and the need to protect them, while building alliances to improve the lives and preserve the cultures of mountain peoples across the globe. Mountains cover 22% of the earth’s land surface

2008 – Bernard Madoff is arrested, accused of running a $50 billion Ponzi scheme; he  pleads guilty and is sentenced to 150 years in prison

2009 – The popular game Angry Birds is released



2012 – New educational standards which will affect 46 out of 50 U.S. states, backed by the National Governors’ Association, the Council of Chief State School Officers, and which will be partly funded from the Bill & Melinda Foundation, will require that at least 70% of books studied be non-fiction. School should dump books like Catcher in the Rye and To Kill a Mockingbird in favor of such suggested non-fiction texts as Recommended Levels of Insulation by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, and the Invasive Plant Inventory by California’s Invasive Plant Council. The new curriculum emphasizing “informational texts,” to be implemented by 2014, is supposed to better prepare students for future workplace reading material


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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 50 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband.
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2 Responses to ON THIS DAY: December 11, 2018

  1. Malisha says:

    Help me somebody. I used to know a song by Big Mama Thornton that I thought was called the “A, B Blues.” The words included:
    “Some likes ’em tall and yella,
    Some likes ’em short and brown,
    But do it make a difference when the lights are down,
    Oh baby, don’t you want a gal like me?
    Who knows how to make love to you, baby,
    Well I can show you my degree?” [piano walks down .. .. .. ]
    [and then there was another verse]:
    “If anybody ask you — who was it sang this song?
    It’s Big Mama and her MOTHER,
    We been knowin’ it all along, oh,
    Tell me, baby, don’t you want a gal like me?
    Who knows how to make love to you, baby,
    ooo-eee, ooo-eee, ooo-eeeeeee…eeee…eeeee [piano walks].”
    I have been searching all over You-Tube, everywhere I can think, and can’t find it.
    Back in 1969 Iris Bell covered this song at the Rubaiyat in Ann Arbor, Michigan. Now I can’t find it anywhere. Did I make this up? (couldn’t have; don’t know enough)

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