ON THIS DAY: January 19, 2019

January 19th is

Edgar Allan Poe’s Birthday *

National Neon Patent Day *

National Popcorn Day

National Tin Can Day *

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MORE! Pulcheria, Edgar Allan Poe and Thit Jensen, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Coptic Christian: Timket (Coptic Epiphany)

Canada – Coquitlam:
Winter Lights at Lafarge

Iceland – Husband’s Day

India – Tripura: Koknorok Day
(Kokborok language celebration)

Ethiopia – Gondar: Timket
(Fasilidas Baptism Festival)

Georgia – Natlisgeba
(Orthodox Epiphany)

Finland – Feastday of St. Henry
(Patron saint of Finland)

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On This Day in HISTORY

399 – Pulcheria born, Regent of the Byzantine Empire during the minority of her brother Theodosius II; beginning in 414, when she was 15 years old, she was proclaimed “Augusta” (Empress) and took the reins of government until 416, when her brother came to power



649 – After a 40 day siege, Tang dynasty general Ashina She’er conquers Kucha, a Tarim Basin oasis state in Xinjiang, which had aligned with the Western Turkic Khaganate

1419 – Rouen surrenders to Henry V of England, completing his conquest of Normandy

Illustration from Vigiles de Charles VII


1607 – San Agustin Church in Manila is officially completed, the oldest church still standing in the Philippines

1676 – John Weldon born, English composer, theatrical music and church organ music



1736 – James Watt born, Scottish-English chemist-engineer, steam engine pioneer


James Watt, painting by John Partridge


1764 – Englishman John Wilkes, radical politician and member of the infamous Hellfire Club, is expelled from the British House of Commons after being tried and found guilty in absentia of obscene and seditious libel when the 4th Earl of Sandwich, also a Hellfire member, read aloud in the House of Lords a pornographic poem Wilkes co-authored called “An Essay on Woman,” a parody of Alexander Pope’s “An Essay on Man”

1795 – The Batavian Republic is proclaimed in the Netherlands, bringing to an end the Republic of the Seven United Netherlands

1808 – Lysander Spooner born, American political philosopher, author and abolitionist; The Unconstitutionality of Slavery



1809 – Edgar Allan Poe born, American author and poet, and master of the macabre



1810 – Talhaiarn born as John Jones, Welsh poet who wrote in Welsh and earned his living as an architect; in 1850, he oversaw the building of London’s Crystal Palace, designed by his employer Joseph Paxton, for the Great Exhibition of 1851; collaborated on the four-volume Welsh Melodies with Welsh and English Poetry

1812 – In the Peninsular War, after a 10-day siege, British Field Marshal Wellington orders his troops to storm Ciudad Rodrigo, held by the French under Marshal Ney



1817 – General José de San Martín leads his army of more than 5.000 men across the Andes from Argentina, to liberate Chile and Peru from Spain

1825 – Tin Can Day * – Ezra Daggett and Thomas Kensett patent the first canned food storage process



1829 – The first full production of Faust, Part One, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe’s tragic play, a masterwork in two parts, debuts in Braunschweig, Germany

1839 – Paul Cézanne born, French painter


Self-Portrait, by Paul Cézanne


1851 – Jacobus Cornelius Kapteyn born, Dutch astronomer, made extensive studies of the Milky Way and discovered galactic rotation

1853 – Giuseppe Verdi’s opera Il trovatore premieres in Rome

1861 – Georgia announces it is seceding from the Union

1876 – Thit Jensen born Maria Jensen, Danish novelist and outspoken feminist; founder in 1924 of Foreningen for Seksuel Oplysning (Organization for Sexual Awareness) for which birth control proponent Dr. Jonathan Leunbach performed abortions. She was personally against abortion, but felt that women needed to have a choice



1883 – The first electric lighting system with overhead wires, built by Thomas Edison, begins service at Roselle, New Jersey

1889 – Sophie Taeuber-Arp born, Swiss painter and sculptor, one of the most important 20th century artists of geometric abstraction

Sophie Taeuber-Arp, with Dadahead 1920


1893 – Magda Tagliaferro born, Brazilian pianist, performs as a soloist and with celebrated orchestras and conductors, taught at the Conservatoire de Paris



1905 – Oveta Culp Hobby born, first secretary of the US Department of Health, Education and Welfare (1953-1955); Federal Security Agency Administrator (1953); first commanding officer of the Women’s Army Corps (WACs) during WWII



1907 – The first film reviews appear in Variety magazine

1915 – National Neon Day * – Frenchman George Claude is issued a U.S. patent for neon tubes for advertising signs

George Claude demonstrates a neon lamp in 1902

1920 – The United States Senate votes against joining the League of Nations

1921 – Patricia Highsmith born, American author of psychological thrillers; her first novel was Strangers on a Train



1925 – Nina Bawden born, English novelist and children’s author; winner of the 1976 Guardian’s Children’s Fiction Prize for The Peppermint Pig, and the 1993 Phoenix Award for Carrie’s War; 2004 Golden PEN Award for “a Lifetime’s Distinguished Service to Literature”



1937 – Howard Hughes sets a new air record, flying from Los Angeles to New York City in seven hours, 28 minutes, 25 seconds

1940 – Mary Burton born in Argentina, anti-apartheid activist; after moving to South Africa in 1961, Burton was appalled by the injustice of apartheid, and joined the Black Sash, a  white women’s movement against apartheid which organized demonstrations, marches and vigils, wearing black sashes and silently holding signs standing outside public buildings in major South African cities. They also opened legal advice centers, and offered legal aid to victims of apartheid. Burton served as national president of the Black Sash (1985-1990). She is the author of The Black Sash. The organization remains active, still providing free legal aid and paralegal support for cases involving discrimination or humans rights abuses in South Africa 



1943 – Janis Joplin born, American singer-songwriter, solo artist and member of the band Big Brother and the Holding Company



1946 – General Douglas MacArthur establishes the International Military Tribunal for the Far East in Tokyo to try Japanese war criminals

1946 – Dolly Parton born, American singer-songwriter-actress; founder of  Dolly Parton’s Imagination Library, an early childhood literacy program which has provided 60,000,000 books to children in the U.S., Canada and the UK. Over 1600 local community programs bring the Imagination Library to over 750,000 children every month


 


1948 – Nancy Lynch born, American computer scientist and Massachusetts Institute of Technology professor of Software Science and Engineering, and head of MIT’s Theory of Distributed Systems research group; Association for Computer Machinery Fellow; recipient of the 2001 and 2007 Dijkstra Prize, and the 2010 IEEE Emanuel R. Piore Award; member of the National Academy of Sciences



1949 – The salary of the U.S. President is increased from $75,000 to $100,000 with an additional $50,000 expense allowance for each year in office

1949 – Robert Palmer born, English singer-songwriter and guitarist



1949 – Cuba recognizes the nation of Israel, before it is admitted to the U.N. in May

1953 – Almost 72% of all television sets in the United States are tuned into I Love Lucy to watch Lucy give birth

1954 – Cynthia Sherman born, American photographer known for conceptual portraits, frequently with herself as the model


Cindy Sherman – Untitled-92


1956 – UN Security Council Resolution 111 calls on Israel and Syria to met their obligations, acknowledging Syrian provocation, but declaring Israel in direct violation of the General Armistice Agreement

1956 – Susan Solomon born, American atmospheric chemist at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration until 2011, when she joined the faculty of MIT as the Ellen Swallow Richards Professor of Atmospheric Chemistry & Climate Science; she and her colleagues were the first to propose  that the chlorofluorocarbon free radical reaction mechanism is the cause of the Antarctic ozone hole; National Academy of Science member; also serves on the Science and Security Board for the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists; winner of the National Medal of Science in 1999, and the 2017 Arthur L. Day Prize and Lectureship by the National Academy of Sciences, for substantive work in atmospheric chemistry and climate change



1959 – Danese Cooper born, American computer scientist and programmer, advocate of open source software; managed teams at Symantec and Apple; chief open source proponent at Sun Microsystems, then senior director of open source strategies at Intel; board member of the Open Source Hardware Association; in 2014, joined PayPal as their first Head of Open Source



1960 – Japan and the United States sign the US–Japan Mutual Security Treaty

1964 – Janine Antoni born, Bahamian contemporary artist working with photography and sculpture



1966 – Yukiko Duke born, Swedish journalist, editor and translator; editor for the literature paper Vi laser since 2011; noted for her translations of Japanese books into Swedish; co-author with her mother of Mikaku, den japanska kokboken (Mikaku, the Japanese Cookbook)



1969 – Edwidge Danticat born, Haitian-American novelist and short story writer; her short story “Between the Pool and the Gardenias” won a Pushcart Prize, her novel The Farming of Bones won the 1999 American Book Award; and Brother, I’m Dying won the  2007 National Book Critics Circle Award



1971 – The revival of  No, No Nanette opens in NY’s 46th Street Theatre



1977 – President Gerald Ford gives last-minute pardon to “Tokyo Rose” (Iva D’Aquino)

1978 – The last Volkswagen Beetle made in Germany leaves VW’s plant in Emden, but Beetle production in Latin America continues until 2003

1981 – U.S. and Iranian officials sign an agreement to release 52 American hostages after 14 months of captivity

1981 – Styx releases their album Paradise Theatre

1983 – Nazi war criminal Klaus Barbie is arrested in Bolivia

1983 – The Apple Lisa, Apple’s first commercial personal computer with a graphic user interface and computer mouse, is announced

1993 – Fleetwood Mac reunites to perform at Bill Clinton’s inauguration



1993 – Czech Republic and Slovakia join the United Nations

1997 – Yasser Arafat returns to Hebron after more than 30 years and joins celebrations over the handover of the last Israeli-controlled West Bank city

1999 – The Samora Machel Monument is unveiled in Mbuzini, Mpumalanga, in South Africa, marking the site of the plane crash in which President Samora Machel of Mozambique and several Mozambican ministers were killed. The monument’s inauguration  is jointly led by Joaquin Chissano, who took over as Mozambique President after Machel’s death, and South African President Nelson Mandela. Its central feature is 35 tubes of steel, representing the 35 lives lost in the crash, which create a wailing sound when the wind blows  

2002 – After 19 years of civil war, the government of Sudan and the Sudanese People’s Liberation Army sign a cease-fire agreement for the disputed Nuba Mountains region

2006 – NASA’s New Horizons spacecraft launches on first mission to investigate Pluto

2010 – Republican Scott Brown captures the U.S. Senate seat held by liberal champion Edward Kennedy for nearly half a century, defeating Democrat Martha Coakley in a special election. In 2013, Democrat Elizabeth Warren defeats Scott Brown


 


2012 –The U.S. Department of Justice seizes the domain names, closes down associated sites and freezes assets of Megaupload, a Hong Kong-based online file storage and retrieval company, whose owners are arrested and indicted for copyright infringement, but the legal battle over the takedown continues as internet entrepreneur “Kim Dotcom” of New Zealand fights extradition to the U.S.

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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 50 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband.
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4 Responses to ON THIS DAY: January 19, 2019

  1. Malisha says:

    I used to do an impersonation of Janis Joplin singing “Mercedes Benz” when friends and family got together; my kid loved it. But then I started doing an impersonation of John Belushi doing his impersonation of Joe Cocker singing “I’ll get by with a little help from my friends,” and my kid wouldn’t have it! I mean, how much embarrassment can a mother subject one little kid to, without starting a rebellion!?
    But then there was a contest in which, if you wrote the best slogan, you’d get a prize of a Volkswagen Van. I wrote, “Oh Lord, won’t you buy me a Volkswagen Van” but I didn’t win.

  2. Colin Newton says:

    I must admit, I did not know Edgar Allan Poe and Patricia Highsmith shared a birthday. Interesting. Of course, I also did not know they shared it with Dolly Parton. Haw.

Comments are closed.