ON THIS DAY: October 7, 2019

October 7th is

Frappé Day

LED Light Day

You Matter to Me Day *

Chocolate Covered Pretzel Day

International Personal Safety Day *

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MORE! Edna Colson, Amiri Baraka and Lourdes Nano, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Australia – New South Wales
and South Australia: Labour Day

China – Beijing: Double Ninth Festival
(9th day of the 9th month brings good luck)

Christmas Island – Territory Day

Egypt – Cairo: Egypt Cup (Bellydancing)

Falkland Islands – Peat Cutting Day (Spring Holiday)

Germany – Frankfurt: Suave Dance Festival

Japan – Nagasaki: Kunchi Festival
(Suwa Shrine Autumn Festival)

Kenya – Nairobi: Scholars Festival

Laos – Teachers Day

New Zealand – Auckland: Heritage Festival

Poland – Lublin: Open City Festival

Spain – Puerto del Rosario: Fiesta de Nuestra Señora
del Rosario (Our Lady of the Rosary)

Saint Lucia – Day of Thanksgiving

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On This Day in HISTORY

3761 BC – The epoch reference day, origin date of the modern Hebrew calendar

1403 – Venetian-Genoese wars, Battle of Modon: The fleet of the Republic of Genoa, under French control, is defeated by a Venetian fleet

1477 – Uppsala University, the oldest university in Sweden, opens its doors



1542 – Juan Cabrillo sees Santa Catalina, now Catalina Island, off California’s southern coast, frequently-used ‘exotic’ location for Hollywood movies in the 1920s and 1930s


1576 – John Marston, English Jacobean poet and playwright; has an ongoing feud with Ben Jonson, who satirizes Marston as Clove in Every Man Out of His Humour



1691 – British monarchs William and Mary grant the Massachusetts Bay Colony a charter

1746 – William Billings born, the first American choral composer



1763 – King George III of Great Britain and Ireland issues the Royal Proclamation of 1763 banning any British settlement of lands west or south of a map line drawn along the Appalachian Mountains



1765 – Nine American colonies send 28 delegates to the Stamp Act Congress in NY, which adopts the ‘Declaration of Rights and Grievances’

1798 – Jean-Baptiste Vuillaume born, French luthier, made reproductions of old instruments; won gold medals at Paris Universal Exhibitions 1839, 1844 and 1855



1819 – Ann Eliza Brainerd Smith born, American novelist, poet, essayist and group organizer; she used the penname Mrs. J. Gregory Smith for her work, including her novels, Seola,  Selma, and Atla, and her non-fiction book, From Dawn to Sunrise. Her husband, J. Gregory Smith, was governor of Vermont (1863-1865), and instrumental in obtaining medical care for Vermont soldiers at the front, and securing the right of soldiers in the field to vote by absentee ballot. On October 19, 1884, the northern-most event of the U.S. Civil War occurred in Smith’s town of St. Albans, Vermont. Confederate raiders robbed the town’s banks, killed one resident and wounded another, then went to the Smith home. Governor Smith was in Montpelier for the session of the legislature. Mrs. Smith, home with only her daughters and a woman servant, appeared at the front door with a pistol (unloaded, but the only weapon she could find), and the Confederates decided to move on, fleeing for the border to Canada. She organized the people of St. Albans to mount a pursuit, attempting unsuccessfully to stop the raiders from crossing the border. In 1870, Vermont Governor Peter Washburn, who had been Adjutant General of the Vermont Militia during the war, presented her with an honorary commission as a lieutenant colonel on his military staff. Smith was president of the committee for the Vermont Woman exhibit at the Centennial Exposition of 1876 in Philadelphia



1826 – The Granite Railway begins operations in Massachusetts, the first chartered railway in the U.S.



1849 – James Whitcomb Riley born, American poet and author



1862 – Royal Columbian Hospital becomes the first hospital in British Columbia, Canada

1865 – Martha McChesney Berry born, educator, founder of Berry College in Georgia. In 1902 she opened the Boys’ Industrial School. Her plan was to supplement the school’s resources, which at first came entirely out of her pocket, by having the students, who were generally of high-school age, contribute labor for two hours a day in a pioneering work-study program; the experience of work would enhance their vocational training. Applicants quickly outnumbered the places available, and Berry solicited donations from  Northern philanthropists Andrew Carnegie and especially Henry Ford, who over the years gave nearly $4 million. The tours she arranged for visiting benefactors were masterpieces of showmanship, the carefully arranged rustic charm of the school and grounds never failing to impress. In November 1909, concerned over the lack of suitable wives for her graduates, she opened the Martha Berry School for Girls on the same work-study basis. Both schools (the boys’ later renamed Mount Berry School for Boys) continued to emphasize self-help, and vocational, agricultural, and domestic training. In 1916 the program was expanded to include a grammar school, and 10 years later a junior college was established, which became a four-year college in 1930. The state of Georgia followed her example, opening eleven schools modeled on the Berry schools by 1912, and other states followed Georgia



1868 – Cornell University holds opening day ceremonies; initial enrollment: 412 students

1873 – George Cram Cook born, American writer and producer-director; co-founder of the Provincetown Players; produced Eugene O’Neill’s first plays, and his wife Susan Glaspell’s

1885 – Niels Bohr born, Danish physicist and philosopher, 1922 Nobel Prize laureate



1888 – Edna Meade Colson born, African American educator and activist; in spite of obstacles she faced because she was a black woman, she got her B.A. in 1915, and a Ph.D. in 1940, which made her a champion higher education for black Americans. Colson taught from 1915 until her retirement in 1953 at the Virginia Normal and Industrial Institute, renamed the Virginia State College for Negroes in 1930 (now Virginia State University). In 1937, she was chair of the committee that organized the first graduate studies program at the school. She was among the first women who registered to vote after the 19th Amendment was ratified, and one of the first African American women to be a lifetime member of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)



1893 – Alice Dalgliesh born in Trinidad, American author of both fiction and nonfiction, mainly for young readers; founding editor of Scribner’s and Sons Children’s Book Division; first president of the Children’s Book Council; noted for her books The Silver Pencil; The Bears on Hemlock Mountain; and The Courage of Sarah Noble, which named to the Lewis Carroll Shelf Award list



1907 – Helen MacInnes born in Scotland, American librarian and author of spy thrillers; The Unconquerable, The Venetian Affair, The Salzburg Connection



1909 – Anni Blomqvist born, Finnish-Swedish author, known for Against the Forces of the Sea, and the Anna Beata series 

1911 – Vaughn Monroe born, American singer, trumpet player, and bandleader

1913 – Mexican Senator Belisario Domínguez Palencia is assassinated after delivering a speech in Congress against dictator Victoriano Huerta. Medalla de Honor “Belisario Domínguez” del Senado de la República (The Belisario Domínguez Medal of Honor), is the highest honor bestowed by the Mexican Senate, given annually since 1954

1913 – Ford’s Highland Park factory first runs on a continuously moving assembly line

October 7, 1913 – Elizabeth Janeway born, author, social analyst of 20th century women’s equality drive, wrote Man’s World, Women’s Place and Powers of the Weak



1916 – Georgia Tech sets the record for most lopsided football game in U.S. history, defeating Cumberland University 222-0

1918 – Poland declares its independence from the German empire and becomes the Republic of Poland

1919 – Henriette Avram born, American computer scientist and academic; developed the MARC format (Machine Readable Cataloging), the international data standard for bibliographic and holdings information in libraries



1919 – The oldest airline still operating under its original name, KLM of the Netherlands, is founded

1920 – Kathryn Clarenback born, chair of the Wisconsin Commission on the Status of Women (1964-1969 and 1971-1979), which discovered 280 provisions in state statutes that treated women differently from men. Founding member and member of the Executive Board of the National Organization for Women (NOW). She was the experienced organizer, who pulled together women from across the country and from wildly different backgrounds, to turn NOW from an idea born of frustration with the status quo into an effective force in American politics. Executive director of the National Committee on the Observance of International Women’s Year (1977)



1927 – R. D. Laing born, controversial Scottish psychiatrist and author of books on mental illness; The Divided Self: An Existential Study in Sanity and Madness



1928 – Lorna Wing born, British physician-psychiatrist, childhood developmental disorders pioneer, developed treatment of Autism as a spectrum disorder; coined the term Asperger Syndrome; leader in founding the UK National Autistic Society



1931 – Desmond Tutu born, South African archbishop and activist, 1984 Nobel Peace Prize; Honorary Co-Chairman for the World Justice Project



1933 – Five French airlines merge into Air France

1934 – LeRoi Jones born, changed his name in 1960s to Amiri Baraka, African-American poet, playwright, and non-fiction author



1935 – Thomas Keneally born, Australian novelist, playwright, essayist; author of Schindler’s List



1937 – Maria Szyszkowska born, Polish politician, a leader of the socialist party Reason of the Polish Left; president of the Association of Free Thought; former senator for the Warsaw district, and a judge on the State Tribunal (1993-1997)



1940 – Artie Shaw’s orchestra records “Stardust”

1944 – WWII: Jewish prisoners burn down Crematorium IV at Birkenau concentration camp during an uprising

1946 – Catherine A. Mackinnon born, American radical feminist, lawyer, and legal scholar; argues sexual harassment is a form of sexual discrimination under Title VII of the 1964 Civil Rights Act; also vocal opponent to all pornography as objectifying women and a form of sexual trafficking



1948 – Diane Ackerman born, American poet, essayist, and naturalist; her bestseller, A Natural History of the Senses was made into a 1995 PBS series which she hosted. A molecule that is the secretory product from a crocodile was named dianeackerone in her honor. Also noted for The Moon by Whale Light: And Other Adventures Among Bats, Penguins, Crocodilians, and Whales



1953 – Linda Griffiths born, Canadian performer, primarily on stage, and playwright; co-founder of the Saskatchewan 25th Street Theatre; noted for her one-woman play Maggie and Pierre in which she played both Pierre and Margaret Trudeau. Died of breast cancer at age 60



1954 – Marian Anderson is the first black singer to be hired by the NY Metropolitan Opera Company



1955 – Yo-Yo Ma born in France, internationally renowned Chinese-American cellist; United Nations Messenger of Peace since 2006



1955 – Allen Ginsberg performs his poem Howl for the first time at the Six Gallery in San Francisco



1958 – NASA’s manned space-flight project is named Project Mercury

1959 – Lourdes Flores Nano born, Peruvian lawyer and politician; councilwoman of Lima, former member of the Chamber of Deputies (1990-1992); first woman to chair the Partido Popular Cristiano (Christian People’s Party – 2003-2011)



1959 – USSR probe Luna 3 transmits the first photographs of the Moon’s far side

1963 – President Kennedy signs the ratification of the Partial Test Ban Treaty

1963 – The Beach Boys release “Little Deuce Coupe”

1964 – Pakistan announces it is cutting ties with South Africa, banning export of Pakistani goods and any shipping via Pakistani registered vessels to South Africa, and refusing landing and passage facilities to South African aircraft until its policy of apartheid is ended. The International Olympic Committee had already withdrawn its invitation for the 1964 Summer Olympics because of the SA government’s refusal to integrate their team

1966 – Sherman Alexie born, Spokan and Coeur d’Alene American Indian novelist, short story writer, poet and filmmaker; noted for his short story collection, The Lone Ranger and Tonto Fistfight in Heaven, his novel, Reservation Blues, which won a 1996 American Book Award, and poetry/short story collection, War Dances, 2010 PEN/Faulkner Award for Fiction winner 



1968 – Motion Picture Association of America adopts a film-rating system

1971 – The French Connection, starring Gene Hackman, premieres in New York City

1981 – The National Fallen Firefighters Memorial is unveiled; in 2004, the first plaque with names of firefighters who died in the line-of-duty that year is added to the Wall of Honor; this ceremony is now an annual two-day event in October



1982 – The musical Cats opens on Broadway, #1 of 7,485 performances

1985 – The U.S. government announces it will no longer automatically comply with World Court decisions

1985 – Palestinian gunmen hijack the Italian cruise ship Achille Lauro in the Mediterranean with more than 400 people aboard

1986 – U.K. estate agent Suzy Lamplugh disappears, and is never found. Her parents create a ‘National Personal Safety Day’ * Trust to make people more aware of the measures they can take to stay safe, and how to get help quickly, which has now become an international day



1989 – Hungary’s Communist Party renounces Marxism in favor of democratic socialism

1992 – Western Hemisphere water conservation groups join together to designate the first Saturday of October as Inter-American Water Day * to spotlight the importance of water to all life on earth



1996 – Fox News Channel begins airing its alternate reality version of the news

1998 – Matthew Shepard, a gay student attending the University of Wyoming is found tied to a fence, left to die after two men savagely beat and tortured him – they were pretending to be gay so they could gain his trust – international outcry over hate crimes leads to the Matthew Shepard-James Byrd Hate Crime Prevention Act in 2009



2001 – The U.S. invasion of Afghanistan begins with an air assault and covert operations on the ground, joined by the British in the air strikes

2003 – Governor Gray Davis is recalled; body-builder and action movie star Arnold Schwarzenegger, with no prior political experience, becomes governor of California

2006 – Anna Politkovskaya, journalist who chronicled Russian military abuses against civilians in Chechnya, is found shot to death in Moscow



2008 – Asteroid 2008 TC3 impacts the Earth over Sudan, the first time an asteroid impact is detected prior to its entry into earth’s atmosphere

2008 – U.S. Federal Reserve announces plan to buy massive amounts of short-term debt, ‘commercial paper’, to get credit markets moving again

2009 – ‘You Matter to Me Day’ * started by Linda Jew after her best friend’s brother and nephew were killed in an accident. Words to say while we still can, because we don’t know what the future will bring



2011 – The winners of the 2011 Nobel Peace Prize are announced: Yemeni women’s rights activist Tawakkul Karman, Liberian activist Leymah Gbowee, and Liberian President Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf 


photo by Harry Wad

2016 – The Obama administration formally accused the Russian government of attempting to “interfere with the U.S. election process” via a series of cyber attacks, including hacking the Democratic National Committee. “We believe, based on the scope and sensitivity of these efforts, that only Russia’s senior-most officials could have authorized these activities,” read a joint statement from the Department of Homeland Security and the Office of the Director of National Intelligence. The statement further blamed Vladimir Putin’s government for leaking the stolen information to sites such as WikiLeaks and DCLeaks. U.S. intelligence officials for weeks had unofficially pointed fingers at the Kremlin, but this statement marked the first public accusation.

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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 50 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband.
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