ON THIS DAY: October 23, 2019

October 23rd is

Boston Cream Pie Day *

iPod Day *

(Science) Mole Day *

TV Talk Show Host Day *

San Juan Capistrano Swallows Depart Day

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MORE! Graça Machel, Ang Lee and Adele, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Brazil – Dia do Aviador
(Aviator’s Day)

Cambodia –
1991 Paris Peace Agreements Day

Finland – Tampere:
WOMEX World Music Expo

Germany – Frankfurt: European Cultural Days

Hungary –Republic Day

India – Mumbai:
Chembur Diwali Fest

Libya – Liberation Day

Macedonia –
Macedonian Revolution Day

Mexico – Mexico City:
Festival Núcleo Distante

Pakistan – Karachi: Pakistan Medical
Association Literature Festival

Thailand – Chulalongkorn Day
(King Rama V memorial day)

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On This Day in HISTORY

42 BC – Mark Antony and Octavian decisively defeat Brutus, who commits suicide

1006 – Wen Yanbo born, Chinese scholar-official of the Song dynasty, who served four emperors for over 50 years, including as a grand councilor during Emperor Renzong’s reign (1022-1063)



1295 – The first treaty forming the Auld Alliance between Scotland and France against England is signed in Paris by King of Scots John Balliol and King Philip IV of France



1636 – Hedwig Eleonora of Holstein-Gottorp born, Queen of Sweden by marriage to Charles X Gustav (1654-1660). She served as regent (1660-1672) during the minority of her son Charles XI. Her husband’s will made her regent and council chair, with two votes and a final say over the rest of the council. The council contested the will, questioning whether it would be good for her health or suitable for a widow to attend council, and that if not, it would be hard to keep sending a messenger to her quarters, but she maintained her regency by “conceding” that they could meet without her, while keep her informed. However, she appeared at almost all the meetings of the council, and used her position to protect her son’s interests, although she rarely contested the council’s decisions since she had only one ally on the council. She used what influence she had to support the peace faction. Hedwig Eleonora was briefly regent again (1697) after the death of her son, until her grandson Charles XII came of age. She also represented Charles XII during his absence in the Great Northern War from 1700 until the regency of her granddaughter Ulrika Eleonora in 1713. Hedwig Eleonora was described by contemporaries as a dominant personality, and regarded as the de facto first lady of the royal court for 61 years, from 1654 until her death in 1715



1707 – Following ratification of the Acts of Union by the parliaments of England and Scotland, a new unified Kingdom of Great Britain is created, and the separate ruling bodies unified into the Parliament of Great Britain

1801 – Albert Lortzing born, German composer and singer; noted for German Spieloper, a form of light comic opera

1812 – French General Claude François de Malet conspires to overthrow Napoleon Bonaparte, claiming the Emperor died in Russia, so he is now commandant of Paris

1817 – Pierre Larousse born, major French encyclopaedist and lexicographer



1844 – Robert S. Bridges born, Britain’s Poet Laureate from 1913 to 1930

1850 –  The first U.S. National Woman’s Rights Convention begins in Worcester, MA; 1,000 people, representing 11 states, including a delegate from California, came to the first session, and more people stood outside. Ironically, the majority of attendees were men, and the Central Committee appointed by the convention was made up of 9 women and 9 men. Paulina Wright Davis presided, and in her opening address called for “the emancipation of a class, the redemption of half the world, and a conforming re-organization of all social, political, and industrial interests and institutions.” Lucy Stone, who was still recovering from typhoid fever, spoke on the evening of the second day, “We want to be something more than the appendages of Society; we want that Woman should be the coequal and help-meet of Man in all the interest and perils and enjoyments of human life. We want that she should attain to the development of her nature and womanhood; we want that when she dies, it may not be written on her gravestone that she was the “relict” of somebody.” (‘relict’ can refer to a bereaved spouse, but it also means something left over, such as a species or geologic feature from a previous age.) The national convention was preceded in April 1850 by the first state-wide women’s rights convention in Salem, Ohio; 500 people attended, but men weren’t allowed to vote, sit on the platform or give speeches during the Ohio convention



1856 – Boston Cream Pie * is created by Chef M. Sanzian at Boston’s Parker House Hotel

1859 – The Battle of Cepeda: The army of the Confederación Argentina, led by Federal Justo José de Urquiza, defeated the State of Buenos Aires forces, led by Unitarian Bartolomé Mitre. The Province of Buenos Aires had seceded from the Argentine Confederation, establishing itself as an independent State, and in 1857, elected radical autonomist and Unitarian Valentín Alsina as governor

1861 – After mobs in Baltimore attack Union troops changing trains, and critical rail bridges to Washington were burned, U.S. President Abraham Lincoln suspends the writ of habeas corpus in Washington, D.C., for all military-related cases

1865 – Neltje Blanchan born, American scientific historian and nature writer; she published eleven books, many on wildflowers and birds, noted for a combination of scientific facts and poetic expression; She was a devoted supporter of American Red Cross, serving as a Red Cross commissioner in China when she died suddenly at age 52



1867 – The Parliament of the United Kingdom passes the British North America Act, uniting the Province of Canada (Quebec and Ontario) with Nova Scotia and New Brunswick into a single federation, the dominion of Canada; a Senate is formed, all Senators to be appointed by the Governor General to serve until mandatory retirement age, unlike the House of Commons, where representatives are elected

1868 – Frederick W. Lanchester born, English polymath and engineer, pioneer in automotive engineering and aerodynamics; invented the disc brake; co-creator of operations research (using advanced analytical methods to make better decisions – also called decision science)

1873 – William D. Coolidge born, American physicist and engineer; major contributor to X-ray machine development; V.P./Director of General Electric Research Laboratory


William D. Coolidge with his hot-cathode, high vacuum X-ray tube

1880 – During the South African Gun War (1880-1881), Chief Mhlonthlo, paramount chief of the Mpondomise, sends word to Hamilton Hope, resident magistrate at Tsolo in the Eastern Cape, that his people will fight with the British against the Basotho in exchange for the Mpondomise being supplied with arms and ammunition. Hamilton Hope comes to Sulenkama with his staff, and Mhlonthlo asks him to address the warriors before they march into battle, but six of the warriors attack Hope and his men, stabbing them to death. The only person spared was Alfred Davis, whose father and brother were missionaries among the Mpondomise. Chief Mhlonthlo tells Davis, “[The government] has either entirely changed from what it was doing a few years ago, or it must be ignorant of what its Magistrates are doing. We are harshly treated. We came under the Government in order to gain peace and quietude, instead of which we have been in a continual state of unrest from the treatment we have received. Faith has been broken with us over and over again … Our cattle are to be branded; our arms are to be taken away; and after that our children are to be seized and carried across the water.”


Map of Southern Cape – green is Tsolo area, red is Sulenkama area

1885 – Lawren Harris born, Canadian painter, one of the ‘Group of Seven’ who developed a distinctly Canadian style of painting in the early 20th century


Afternoon Sun, Lake Superior by Lawren Harris – 1924

1894 – Emma Williams Vyssotsky born, American astronomer at the McCormick Observatory of the University of Virginia, specialized in the motion of stars and kinematics of the Milky Way; fifth awardee of the Annie Jump Cannon Award in Astronomy, for distinguished contributions to astronomy



1904 – Harvey Penick born, American golf coach and author of Harvey Penick’s Little Red Book, the best-selling golf book ever published



1905 – Felix Bloch born, Swiss physicist; co-recipient of the 1952 Nobel Prize for Physics for work on nuclear magnetic measurement; work at Los Alamos during WWII; first Director-General of CERN

1905 – Gertrude Ederle born, American swimmer and Olympic champion. In August, 1926, she became the first woman to swim the English Channel

1906 – Brazilian Alberto Santos-Dumont flies an airplane 200 feet (60 meters) in the first heavier-than-air powered flight in Europe at Champs de Bagatelle, Paris, France



1911 – First use of aircraft in war: Italo-Turkish War: An Italian pilot takes off from Libya to observe Turkish army line

1915 – Woman’s suffrage: In New York City, over 31,000 women march on Fifth Avenue for the right to vote



1917 – Lenin calls for the October Revolution, which begins with an armed insurrection in Petrograd

1920 – Bob Montana born, American comic strip artist; created original character likenesses for the Archie comics

1922 – Jean Alys Barker born, Baroness Trumpington, British Conservative politician; during WWII, she was one of the “land girls”  who took the place of agricultural workers serving in the military, before going to work in 1940 for naval intelligence at Bletchley Park, using her knowledge of German to assist the code crackers. After the war, she spent four years working for the European Central Inland Transport Organization, which shipped and distributed supplies to the war-devastated continent, and became de facto transport manager of the Paris office. She was a Lord Temporal Member of the House of Lords (1980-2017)



1925 – Manos Hatzidakis born, Greek composer; 1960 Academy Award for Best Song, for Never on Sunday



1925 – Johnny Carson born – beginning in 1950, he hosted the Tonight Show for 42 years, so all TV Talk Show hosts are honored today, TV Talk Show Host Day *

1929 – NY Stock Exchange shows first signs of panic as market prices keep dropping

1935 – Chophouse Massacre: Dutch Schultz and 3 others are killed in Newark NJ saloon

1935 – JacSue Kehoe born, American neuroscientist-researcher; noted for discovering that a single neurotransmitter can have multiple types of receptors, while working on electrophysiological analysis of synaptic transmission in the mollusc Aplysia



1940 – Ellie Greenwich born, American singer-songwriter and record producer; wrote or co-wrote hits like “Be My Baby” “Da Wa Diddy Diddy” “Leader of the Pack” and “River Deep – Mountain High”



1942 – Britain launches a major offensive against Axis forces at El Alamein in Egypt during World War II

1942 – Michael Crichton born, American best-selling author, screenwriter, film producer-director; The Andromeda Strain, and Jurassic Park and many others



1942 – Anita Roddick born, British businesswoman, human rights activist and environmental campaigner; founder of The Body Shop, a pioneer in ethical consumerism and fair trade with developing countries



1944 – WWII Battle of Leyte Gulf: the largest naval battle in history begins in the Philippines (this one’s personal: My dad was on the deck of one of the smaller ships, the USS Kitkun Bay, shown below, which was hit by a Japanese Kamikaze, but the bombs didn’t explode. Otherwise, I wouldn’t be keyboarding this now. Another man on deck just a few feet away from my father was killed by shrapnel.)



1945 – Maggi Hambling born, British contemporary painter and sculptor, whose public works projects have stirred a great degree of controversy. In 2018, she was commissioned by the Mary on the Green campaign to create a permanent memorial to Mary Wollstonecraft to be erected at Newington Green in north London


Scallop (2003), Aldeburgh beach, tribute to Benjamin Britten – the words
“I hear those voices that will not be drowned” are from his opera Peter Grimes

1945 – Graça Machel born, Mozambican politician, humanitarian, second wife of Nelson Mandela (1998-2013), and widow of Samora Machel, who was President of Mozambique (1975-1986). She served as Mozambican Minister for Education and Culture (1975-1989). In 1990, she was appointed as the expert in charge of producing a ground-breaking UN report on the impact of armed conflict on children



1946 – The United Nations General Assembly convenes for the first time, at an auditorium in Flushing, Queens, NYC

1946 – Alicia Borinsky born, Argentine novelist, poet and literary critic based in the U.S.; professor of Latin American and Comparative Literature and Director of the Writing in the Americas Program at Boston University



1954 – Ang Lee born, Taiwanese-American film director and screenwriter; his film Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon won the Best Foreign Language Film Oscar in 2000, and he won the Academy Award for Best Director in 2005 for Brokeback Mountain and for Life of Pi in 2012



1956 – Dianne Reeves born, American Jazz singer; 5-time Grammy winner, Best Female Jazz Vocal Performer



1956 – Thousands of Hungarians protest against the government and Soviet occupation

1959 – “Weird Al” Yankovic born, musician, songwriter, and satirist



1961 – Laurie Halse Anderson born, American author for kids of all ages; noted for Speak, Chains, Ashes and The Impossible Knife of Memory



1969 – Trudi Canavan born, Australian author of fantasy novels and short stories; noted for her trilogies The Black Magician and Age of the Five



1970 – Gary Gabelich sets a land speed record in ‘Blue Flame’ a rocket-powered automobile, fueled with natural gas

1972 – The musical Pippin premieres on Broadway

1973 – Watergate scandal: US President Richard M. Nixon agrees to turn over subpoenaed audio tapes of his Oval Office conversations

1974 – Aravind Adiga born, Indo-Australian journalist and author; his debut novel, The White Tiger, won the 2008 Man Booker Prize



1983 – A suicide truck-bombing at Beirut International Airport in Lebanon kills 220 U.S. Marines, 18 sailors and 3 Army soldiers; a near-simultaneous attack on French forces kills 58 paratroopers

1985 – Masiela Lusha born in Albania, came to the U.S as a refugee; Albanian-American actress, author, producer and humanitarian. In 2010, Lusha was appointed Ambassador for the charity, Sentebale, founded by Britain’s Prince Harry and Prince Seeiso of Lesotho, in memory of their mothers, to help vulnerable children in Lesotho, Africa through grassroots programs. She has been an spokesperson  for Scholastic’s Read for Life, and involved in national PSA commercials and school readings across the country



1987 – U.S. Senate rejects the Supreme Court nomination of Robert H. Bork, 58-42, because of his stated desire to roll back the civil rights decisions of the Warren and Burger courts, and Bork’s role in the Watergate ‘Saturday Night Massacre’

1989 – The Hungarian Republic is officially declared by President Mátyás Szűrös, replacing the communist Hungarian People’s Republic

1991 – American Chemistry Teacher Maurice Oehler launches the National Mole Day * Foundation, to celebrate Avogadro’s Number (6.022 X 1023 ), the number of atoms in exactly 12 grams of carbon-12 (one mole) 

1998 – Dr. Barnett Slepian, an OB-GYN who performed abortions, is killed in suburban Buffalo New York by sniper fire through his kitchen window, the climax of five sniper attacks on doctors in New York and Canada by anti-abortion terrorists – Dr. Slepian’s murderer is serving a 25-year-to-life sentence

1998 – Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Palestinian Chairman Yasser Arafat reach a “land for peace” agreement

2001 – iPod Day * Apple Computer introduces the iPod portable digital music player

2001 – NASA’s Mars Odyssey spacecraft begins orbiting Mars

2006 – Former Enron CEO Jeffrey Skilling is sentenced to more than 24 years in prison for his role in the company’s collapse

2012 – Skyfall, the 23rd James Bond movies, premieres in London

2015 – Adele releases her single “Hello” – the first song to be downloaded more than a million times in the first week



2017 – Three U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) scientists, scheduled to speak and present a 500-page report on climate change this day, had been abruptly removed from the program of a conference on the Narragansett Bay Estuary and Watershed in Rhode Island, at the EPA’s request, just four days before the event. The EPA said the scientists could attend the conference, but were not to speak because “it is not an EPA conference.” EPA Scientist Autumn Oczkowski was to be the conference’s keynote speaker, and the other two scientists, Rose Martin and Emily Shumchenia, were scheduled to appear on a panel entitled “The Present and Future Biological Implications of Climate Change.” Scott Priutt, Trump-appointed head of the EPA since February 2017, would resign in July 2018, while under at least 14 separate investigations by the Government Accountability Office, the EPA inspector general, the White House Office of Management and Budget, the U.S. Office of Special Counsel, and two House of Representatives committees over his spending habits, conflicts of interests, extreme secrecy, and questionable management practices

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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 50 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband.
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