ON THIS DAY: December 29, 2019

December 29th is

Pepper Pot Day *

Tick Tock Day

YMCA USA Day *

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MORE! Ellen Terry, Sun Yat-sen and Juliana Huxtable, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Argentina – Río Negro: Wakanda Festival

Australia – Lorne: Falls Festival

Brazil – Rio de Janeiro: Festa de Lemanjá
(Afro-Brazilian sea goddess)

Bosnia & Herzegovina – Visoko:
Music and Folk-Dance Festival

Canada – Montreal: Bass Ship (music)

Ghana – Accra: Afro Nation Festival

India – Pune: India Superbike Festival

Ireland – Constitution Day

Mexico – San Antonio Acahualco:
Festival Solar Acahuaclco

Mongolia – Independence Day

Morocco – Rabat: Festival Rabat Africa

Netherlands – Amsterdam: Liquicity Winter Festival

South Africa: Bergville: Smoking Dragon Festival

Thailand – Bang Rak: Dragqueen New Year Festival

United Kingdom – London:
Year-End Gratitude Festival

Zimbabwe – Victoria Falls: Vic Falls Carnival

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On This Day in HISTORY

875 – Charles the Bald, King of the Franks, is crowned as Holy Roman Emperor Charles II in Italy

1170 – Thomas Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury, is assassinated by followers of Henry II, King of England, because of his conflict with the king over the rights and privileges of Church vs. the authority of the Monarchy



1427 – The Ming army begins its withdraw from Hanoi, ending the Chinese domination of Đại Việt

1709 – Elizabeth Petrovna born, Empress Elizabeth I of Russia, who strengthened the nobles dominance in local government, reconstituting the senate, which her predecessor had abolished, encouraged the establishment of the University of Moscow and the Imperial Academy of Arts, and also spent exorbitant sums of money on the Winter Palace and the Smolny Cathedral; after she was brought to power in a bloodless coup staged by the Imperial Guard in 1741, she vowed as Empress, she would not sign a single death sentence, a vow she kept all the way to her death in 1762


Empress Elizabeth, by Ivan Argunov

1766 – Charles Macintosh born, Scottish chemist, inventor of waterproof fabric

1777 – During the harsh winter at Valley Forge, the Continental Army was low on food. Christopher Ludwick, a baker with the army, gathered whatever food he could find: tripe, scraps of meat, and peppercorns. These he turned into a hot spicy soup now called Pepper Pot * but which the soldiers at Valley Forge called “the soup that won the war”


Valley Forge Winter – by Philip Howe

1800 – Charles Goodyear born, American inventor, commercial rubber use

1808 – Andrew Johnson born in North Carolina, future 17th U.S. President, and first president to be impeached

1809 – William Gladstone born, British statesman; four-time Prime Minister



1812 – The first performance of Beethoven’s Violin Sonata No. 10 in G major, Opus 96 



1835 – The Treaty of New Echota is signed in Georgia by representatives of the U.S. government and members of a minority Cherokee political faction, the Treaty Party, which ceded all Cherokee Nation territory in the southeast to the U.S. and committed the Cherokee people to moving to Indian Territory (now Oklahoma). This treaty was not approved by the Cherokee Nation Council or signed by Principal Chief John Ross, but after the U.S. Senate amended and ratified it in March 1836, it was used as the legal basis for the forcible removal of all the Cherokee by the U.S. Army to Oklahoma in what became known as the Trail of Tears

1844 – Womesh Chunder Bonnerjee born, first Indian National Congress president



1845 – The U.S. annexes the Republic of Texas, admits as the 28th U.S. state

1848 – President James K. Polk turns on the first gas light at the White House

1851 – The first YMCA * in the U.S. is organized in Boston MA



1876 – Pablo Casals born, Spanish-Catalan cellist and conductor



1888 – Opening night at New York’s Lyceum Theatre of Henry Irving’s production of Macbeth, starring Ellen Terry as Lady Macbeth and Henry Irving in the title role

Ellen Terry as Lady Macbeth, by John Singer Sargent

1890 – The U.S. Seventh Cavalry massacres at least 160 Lakota men, women and children at Wounded Knee Creek SD on the Lakota Pine Ridge Reservation; after they disarmed most of the Lakota warriors, there was a scuffle with a single Lakota man who was deaf, and tried to hold on to his rifle when ordered to surrender his weapon; the regiment opened massive fire with rifles, and four Hotchiss mountain howitzers, firing indiscriminately on women and children; after a three-day blizzard, civilians were hired to bury the frozen Lakota dead in a mass grave

1895 – The Jameson Raid from Mafikeng into the Transvaal by British colonial “police” under Leander Starr Jameson, an attempt to overthrow Kruger’s Boer government, fails to incite an uprising by British workers, but becomes a factor leading to the Second Boer War

1911 – Sun Yat-sen becomes the first president of a republican China, and Mongolia gains its independence



1913 – The first serial motion picture, The Unwelcome Throne, is released by Selig’s Polyscope Company

1916 – Gregory Rasputin, monk who wielded powerful influence over the Russian court, is murdered by a group of noblemen



1916 – A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man, the first novel by James Joyce, is published in America

1919 – Roman Vlad born, Bukovinan-Italian composer



1920 – Viveca Lindfors born in Sweden, Swedish-American stage and film actress. She became a theatre and film star in Sweden, then was signed by Warner Brothers and  moved to the U.S. in 1946. She appeared in over 100 films, and later made frequent guest star appearances on television, and taught acting at the School of Visual Arts in New York. She was a naturalized U.S. citizen and a liberal Democrat who supported the presidency of Jimmy Carter and later said of her former co-star Ronald Reagan that “Ronnie was not a big star. He didn’t carry enough weight. To think that the guy became president is really kind of funny.”



1923 – Yvonne Choquet-Bruhat born, French mathematician and physicist; proved the local existence and uniqueness of solutions to the vacuum Einstein Equations; pioneer in mathematical study of supergravity; first woman elected to the Académie des Sciences Française (French Academy of Sciences); a Grand Officer of the Légion d’honneur



1930 – Tombs of third dynasty Egyptian kings are excavated at Ur, which was an ancient city in southern Mespotamia

1934 – Japan renounces the Washington Naval Treaty of 1922 and the London Naval Treaty of 1930

1940 – Germany begins dropping incendiary bombs on London

1941 – Ray Thomas born, English flautist-songwriter, The Moody Blues

1943 – Molly Bang born, American illustrator; noted for children’s books illustrations, three-time runner-up for the Caldecott Medal



1943 – “San Fernando Valley” is recorded by Bing Crosby

1946 – Marianne Faithfull born, English singer-songwriter

1952 – The first transistorized hearing aid is offered for sale by Sonotone Corporation

1952 – Gelsey Kirkland born, American ballerina and choreographer; soloist and principle with the New York City Ballet (1968-1974) and the American Ballet Theatre (1974-1984); danced Clara in Baryshnikov’s 1977 televised production of The Nutcracker; her biography, Dancing On My Grave, sent shockwaves through the dance world because of her detailed chronicle of struggles with anorexia, bulimia, and drug addiction; co-director of the Gelsey Kirkland Academy of Classical Ballet and the Gelsey Kirkland Ballet Company



1953 – Allan C. Rusbridger born in Northern Rhodesia; his family moved back to Britain when he was age five; British journalist and editor of The Guardian newspaper since 1995

1958 – Nancy J. Currie born, American engineer, U.S. Army officer and flight instructor, NASA astronaut on four space shuttle missions, and academic in the Department of Industrial & Systems Engineering at Texas A&M



1959 – Paula Poundstone born, American stand-up comic, author, interviewer and commentator; (2017); author of There Is Nothing in This Book That I Meant to Say and The Totally Unscientific Study of the Search for Human Happiness; National Spokesperson for the American Library Association’s “United for Libraries” since 2007


 

1963 – The Weavers give their farewell concert at Orchestra Hall in Chicago IL



1972 – The Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter is signed in Moscow, London, Washington and Mexico

1987 – Juliana Huxtable born, American artist, performer, author and poet; co-founder of the new York-based nightlife project Shock Value; author of Mucus in My Pineal Gland, and co-author with Hannah Black of Life



1996 – The Guatemalan government and leaders of the leftist Guatemalan National Revolutionary Union sign a peace accord ending a civil war that lasted 36 years

1997 – Hong Kong begins killing 1.25 million chickens, the entire population, for fear of the spread of ‘bird flu’

1998 – Khmer Rouge leaders apologize for the 1970s genocide that claimed one million Cambodian lives

2003 – The last known speaker of Akkala Sami dies in Russia’s Kolas Peninsula region

2011 – Samoa and Tokelau move from east of the International Date Line to the west, and skip from December 29 right to December 31



2017 – A local branch of the Islamic State claimed responsibility for an attack on a Coptic church in Cairo, Egypt, that killed at least nine people. The Mar Mina Church was full for a Friday Mass when a gunman opened fire, shooting at worshippers leaving the building. He was killed by police before he could get inside. ISIS has killed more than 100 Coptic Christians in Egypt this year, targeting the minority population in an attempt to gain new power as it loses territory in Iraq and Syria. The White House issued a statement condemning the attack

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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 50 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband.
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