ON THIS DAY: March 7, 2020

March 7th is

Be Heard Day *

National Cereal Day *

Crown of Roast Pork Day

World Maths Day Competition

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MORE! Vibia Perpetua, Mary Norton and Wanda Sykes, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Albania – Teachers’ Day

Belgium – Antwerp: Reverze Music Festival

Botswana – Gaborone: ISKCON Botswana
Festival (Krishna Consciousness)

Canada – Toronto:
Toronto’s 186th Anniversary Festival

Chile – Santiago:
InterNations Festival of Cultures

Costa Rica – Zapote: Finca Fest (music)

India – New Delhi: Desiland
(Music & food festival)

Iraqi Kurdistan –
Liberation of Sulaymaniyah

Italy – Rome:
International Careers Festival

Kenya – Nairobi: AYA Kenya
Holi Mela (Holi festival)

Malaysia – Kuala Lumpur:
Flow with Your Heart Festival

Mexico – Zihuatanejo:
Zihuatanejo Guitat Festival

New Zealand – Hokitika:
Hokitika Wildfoods Festival

Philippines – Muntinlupa:
Wanderland Music & Arts Festival

South Africa – Capetown: Zabalaza Theatre Festival

United Kingdom – London: Shape
the World Festival (social sciences)

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On This Day in HISTORY

203 – Vibia Perpetua, daughter of a prominent Carthaginian family and a Christian convert, becomes the first diarist noted in history when she keeps a record of her time waiting in a Roman prison with her pregnant slave Felicitas under sentence of death. She records her thoughts, dreams, and an argument with her father, who wants her to renounce her faith



321 – Emperor Constantine I decrees that dies Solis Invicti (sun-day) is the day of rest in the Empire



1574 – John Wilbye born, English madrigal composer

1671 – Rob Roy McGregor born, Scottish cattle rustler and folk hero

1765 – Nicéphore Niépce born, French pioneer in photography, invents heliography, a photographic process that makes the earliest known plate to recreate an image


View from the Window at Le Gras, by Nicéphore Niépce

1774 – In reaction to the Boston Tea Party, King George III makes a speech, charging the colonists with attempting to injure British commerce; this leads to the Boston Port Act, which closes it to all commerce, and moves the port of entry to Marblehead

1792 – Sir John Herschel born, English astronomer and mathematician

1804 – John Wedgwood, son of Josiah, founds the Royal Horticultural Society



1848 – In Hawaii, the Great Māhele is signed, King Kamehameha’s land redistribution plan, abolishes a semi-feudal system, gives the crown one-third of the land, the chiefs another third, and the remaining third is to go to the people, but many Hawaiians, with no concept of private land ownership, make no claim, forfeiting their rights

1849 – Luther Burbank born, American horticulturist, developed new varieties of fruits, vegetables and flowers



1850 – U.S. Senator Daniel Webster gives his “Seventh of March” speech endorsing the Compromise of 1850 as a method of preventing civil war and preserving the Union



1871 – José Maria da Silva Paranhos, Viscount of Rio Branco, becomes the President (1871-1875) of the Council of Ministers of the Empire of Brazil (equivalent to Prime Minister), under Emperor Dom Pedro II, “the Magnanimous,” the last monarch of the Empire of Brazil (1831-1889)



1872 – Piet Mondrian born, notable Dutch abstract art painter


Composition With Red Yellow & Blue – Mondrian, 1921

1873 – Madame Sul-Te-Wan born as Nellie Crawford to parents who were freed slaves; American stage, screen and television actress; from performances in Birth of a Nation and Intolerance, to Carmen Jones, The Buccaneer and the TV series Medic, her career spanned over 50 years; she was the first African American actor to sign a film contract, and the first to be a featured performer



1875 – Mary T. Norton born, American politician, labor and women’s rights advocate, first female Democrat to serve in the U.S. House of Representatives, representing New Jersey’s 13th District (1933-1951)



1875 – Maurice Ravel born, French composer and conductor



1893 – Lorena A. Hickok, American journalist and author,  Minneapolis Tribune, New York Daily Mirror and AP reporter, one of the few women to have a byline in the 1920s, becoming nationally known; numerous interviews with Eleanor Roosevelt led to an intimate friendship – ‘Hick’ encouraged the First Lady to write her “My Day” newspaper column; she works as the Federal Emergency Relief Administration’s chief investigator


1894 – Ana María O’Neill born, Puerto Rican scholar and women’s rights activist; she was the first woman professor in the Department of Commerce at the University of Puerto Rico (1929-1951). O’Neill was also an active supporter of Puerto Rico’s Cooperative Movement, a grassroots effort to create cooperative-run enterprises for food and agriculture, housing, banking and transportation. She founded the Cooperative Institute of the University of Puerto Rico. O’Neill is the author of Ética Para la Era Atómica (Ethics for the Atomic Age) and Psicología de la Comunicación (Psychology of Communication) 



1895 – Dorothy de Rothschild born, English philanthropist and Jewish activist; chair of charity which donated funds for the Knesset and the Supreme Court of Israel buildings



1897 – Cereal Day * Dr. John Kellogg serves corn flakes for the first time to his patients at his hospital in Battle Creek, Michigan

1903 – Maude Lewis born, Canadian folk artist from Nova Scotia. After living in poverty most of her life, she came to national attention in 1964 when an article was published about her in the Star Weekly in Toronto. Two of her paintings were ordered for the White House in the 1970s during Richard Nixon’s presidency. Her small paintings, which sold for two or three dollars in the 1950s, now sell in the $10,000-$20,000 range. Sadly, she was crippled with arthritis by the time she was “discovered,” and couldn’t produce many paintings in the late 1960s which would have sold for far greater sums than her earlier work. She died in 1970, and her husband Everett was killed in an attempted robbery of their home in 1979



1904 – Russo-Japanese War: Japan bombs the Russian town of Vladivostok

1906 – Women in Finland win the right to vote

1908 – Cincinnati’s Mayor Leopold Markbreit announces before the city council that “Women are not physically fit to operate automobiles.” He is not re-elected

1908 – The first film adaptation of Robert Louis Stephenson’s novel, The Strange Case ofDr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, called simply Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde, premieres

1911 – Willis Farnworth patents the coin-operated locker

1911 – ‘Agyeya’ born, pen-name of Sachchidananda Hirananda Vatsyayan, Indian author, a pioneer of modern Hindi poetry, fiction, criticism and journalism, translator of Hindi works into English, and revolutionary. Noted for his multi-part novel Shekhar: Ek Jivani (Shekhar: A Life), which was written while he was in prison, charged with conspiracy to assassinate the British Viceroy of India

1917 – Janet Collins born, African American pioneer in classical ballet; dancer, choreographer and teacher; at age 16, she auditioned for the Ballet Russe de Monte Carlo, but refused the offer to join the company because she would have been required to paint her skin white to perform. She moved to New York in 1948, and began performing as a featured dancer in Broadway Musicals, then broke the color barrier as  the first black ballet dancer to perform at the Metropolitan Opera, but could not go on tour with the company in the American Deep South, where her roles were danced by white understudies. She was the first African American dancer hired full-time for the Metropolitan Opera Ballet in 1951. Singer Marian Anderson was signed shortly before Collins, but did not perform at the Met until 1955. In 2007, the Janet Collins Fellowship was created to encourage talented black ballet dancers



1917 – Betty Holberton born, one of the six original programmers of ENIAC; inventor of breakpoints in computer debugging; recipient of the 1997 Augusta Ada Lovelace Award and the 1997 IEEE Computer Pioneer Award, for developing the sort-merge generator



1922 – Mochtar Lubis born, Indonesian Batak journalist and novelist; co-founder of Indonesia Raya, a daily newspaper which was banned six times during the Sukarno and Suharto governments, His novel, Senja di Jakarta (Twilight in Jakarta), was the first Indonesian novel to be translated into English



1922 – Olga Aleksandrovna Ladyzhenskaya born, Russian mathematician, known for her work in partial differential equations and fluid dynamics, and the finite difference method for the Navier–Stokes equations. She received the Lomonosov Gold Medal in 2002, and published over 200 scientific works



1924 – Kōbō Abe born, Japanese poet-novelist-playwright; Woman in the Dunes



1927 – A Texas law that bans Negroes from voting is ruled unconstitutional by the U.S. Supreme Court

1938 – Janet Guthrie born, American woman pioneer in auto racing, in 1977, became the first woman to compete in the Indianapolis 500 and the Daytona 500



1940 – Hannah Wilke born, American artist, focused on works that celebrated female sexual pleasures; later documented ravages of treatment of aggressive cancer while dying


Intra Venus №4 – Hannah Wilke

1945 – Elizabeth Moon born, American science fiction and fantasy author, who began her writing career as a columnist for a weekly newspaper. Her 2003 novel, The Speed of Dark, won the 2003 Nebula Award, and the 2007 Robert A. Heinlein Award for “hard science or technical writings that inspire the human exploration of space”



1947 – Labor leader John L. Lewis denounces the Taft-Hartley Act as authorizing “government by injunction,” and refuses to allow any of his officials to take the non-Communist oath the act requires

1947 – Helen S. Eadie born, Scottish Labour Co-operative politician;  Deputy Convener of the Scottish Parliament Standards, Procedures and Public Appointments Committee (2011-2013); Member of the Scottish Parliament for Cowdenbeath/Dunfermline East (1999-2013); died of cancer at age 66 in 2013



1954 – Eva Brunne born, first openly lesbian Church of Sweden priest to be elected as bishop, and first bishop living in a registered homosexual partnership; Bishop of Stockholm since 2009



1955 – Peter Pan is presented as a television special for the first time, starring Mary Martin as Peter

1956 – Andrea Levy born in London to Jamaican parents, English author best known for two of her novels: Small Island, which won the 2004 Whitbread Book of the Year, the 2004 Orange Prize and the  Commonwealth Writers’ Prize, and The Long Song, which won the 2011 Walter Scott Prize. She died at age 62 after a 15-year battle with breast cancer



1959 – Melvin C. Garlow is the first pilot to fly over a million miles in jet airplanes

1964 – Wanda Sykes born, African American comedian, writer and actress; activist for LGBTQ rights, in support of at-risk and runaway teens, and against chaining dogs



1965 – Bloody Sunday: state troopers and a sheriff’s posse use tear gas, nightsticks and whips to break up civil rights demonstrators’ march in Selma Alabama, protesting the shooting of Jimmy Lee Jackson at a previous demonstration at the county courthouse; over 20 marchers hospitalized, including John Lewis, and dozens more receive first aid

1967 – Ai Yazawa born, Japanese manga author; she is best known for her Tenshi Nanka Ja Nai (I’m Not an Angel) serial, and her series, Neighborhood Story, which was adapted as an anime television series (1995-1996) in Japan

1975 – The U.S. Senate revises the filibuster rule, allowing 60 senators to limit debate instead of the previous two-thirds

1978 – Jaqueline Gomes de Jesus born, Brazilian psychologist, writer and anti-discrimination activist, advocate for human rights for all races and sexual orientations; one of the organizers of Brasilia’s LGBT Pride Parade, and a speaker at the opening of Brazil’s 5th National Conference on Human Rights. In 2000, with activist Luiz Mott, she co-founded Associação Brasileira de Gays e Travestis (Academic Association of Gays, Lesbians and Sympathizers of Brazil), and served as the ABGLT’s General Secretary



1985 – The first AIDS antibody test, an ELISA-type test, is released

1994 – The U.S. Supreme Court rules that parodies that poke fun at an original work can be considered “fair use” that does not require permission from the copyright holder

1994 – A multinational African army installs a new government in Liberia

1994 – In Moldova, a referendum is rejected by 90% of voters to form a union with Rumania

1996 – The first surface photos of Pluto are released, taken by the Hubble Space Telescope. To create a global map of the surface of Pluto, astronomers took a total of 12 images at 4 distinct longitudes in visible light and 8 images in the ultraviolet. These covered nearly the entire surface of Pluto



2003 – Scientists at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center announce that they have transferred 6.7 gigabytes of uncompressed data from Sunnvale, CA, to Amsterdam, Netherlands, in 58 seconds via fiber-optic cables, a distance of 6,800 miles

2004 – Be Heard Day * is launched by Shannon Cherry as a day to help small business be heard through all the big business marketing

2007 – The British House of Commons votes to make the upper chamber, the House of Lords, 100% elected

2009 – NASA’s Kepler Mission, a space photometer for searching for extrasolar planets in the Milky Way galaxy, is launched from Cape Canaveral

2010 – Kathryn Bigelow becomes the first woman to win an Academy Award for best director for her Iraq War thriller The Hurt Locker, which won six Oscars, including best picture



2016 – China and South Korea tighten their sanctions against North Korea over its nuclear program. Chinese port officials turn away three ships on a list of 31 vessels China’s Ministry of Transport blacklisted after they were covered by harsh, expanded sanctions approved by the United Nations Security Council last week. South Korea imposed unilateral sanctions, including a financial ban on 40 individuals and 30 entities. The moves come a day after North Korea threatened to launch preemptive nuclear strikes

2018 – On the same day that the confessed Parkland school shooter, age 19, was formally indicted by a grand jury on 17 charges of premeditated murder, Florida’s Republican-led state House passed a school safety package. The unprecedented collection of gun control measures was a direct response to intense public outcry, and lobbying by student survivors of the shooting rampage. The bill raises the minimum age on firearm purchases from 18 to 21, imposes a three-day waiting period on gun purchases, provides $400 million for school police officers and mental health counselors, and allows certain school personnel to be armed. The measures came despite opposition from the National Rifle Association. Democrats unsuccessfully pushed for a ban on assault-style rifles like the one used by the gunman in Parkland. The bill passed 67-50 in the state House, and 20-18 in the Senate. Republican Governor Rick Scott was in record opposing arming teachers, and had not indicated whether he will sign the bill. On March 9, Scott did sign Senate Bill 7026, known as the Marjorie Stoneman Douglas High School Public Safety Act, into law. The National Rifle Association immediately filed a federal lawsuit against Florida, claiming the age-minimum section of the law violates the second and 14th amendments of the U.S. Constitution


Marjorie Stoneman Douglas High School student activists

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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 50 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband.
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