ON THIS DAY: January 12, 2018

January 12th is

Kiss a Ginger Day

Curried Chicken Day

Glazed Donut Day

Marzipan Day

Pharmacist Day           

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MORE! Charles Perrault, Texas Guinan and Thurgood Marshall, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Algeria – Yennayer
(Amazigh New Year)

Argentina – Junín: Encuentro
de las Naciones Junín

New Zealand – Takaka:
Golden Bass Music Festival

Tanzania –
Zanzibar Revolution Day

Turkmenistan –
Remembrance Day

United Kingdom – Whittlesey:
Straw Bear Festival

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On This Day in HISTORY

1528 – Gustav I of Sweden is crowned, the first king from the House of Vasa line



1554 – Bayinnaung becomes King of Burma, then goes on to assemble the largest empire in the history of Southeast Asia, which includes much of modern-day Burma, Chinese Shan states, Lan Na, Lan Xang, Manipur and Siam

1628 – Charles Perrault born, French author/Académie Française member; derived his fairy tales from earlier folk tales; Sleeping Beauty, Puss in Boots, etc



1673 – Rosalba Carriera born, successful Venetian Rococo painter, noted for portrait miniatures, beginning with snuff box lids, and pastel work; made an ‘Accademico di merito’ by the Roman Accademia di San Luca, the title for non-Roman members

1711 – Gaetano Latilla born, Italian opera composer



1724 – Frances Brooke born, English novelist, essayist, playwright and translator; she spent time in Quebec, Canada, where her husband was serving as a military chaplain, and wrote The History of Emily Montague there, believed to be the first novel written in Canada, but it was published in England upon her return

1729 – Edmund Burke, Irish philosopher-orator-politician, born; Thoughts on the Cause of the Present Discontents, On American Taxation – “If that sovereignty and their freedom cannot be reconciled, which will they take?”

1773 – The Charleston Museum, America’s first public museum, is founded in Charleston NC

1799 – Priscilla Falkner Bury born, English Botanist and Illustrator,  A Selection of Hexandrian Plants; her work was admired by John James Audubon and Wilfrid Jasper Blunt


Crinum Augustum, by Priscilla Falkner Bury


1822 – Étienne Lenoir born, Belgian engineer, designed the first successful internal combustion engine

1856 – John Singer Sargent born, American painter


Self-Portrait 1907, by John Singer Sargent 


1863 – Swami Vivekananda born, Indian Hindu monk-philosopher; key figure in introducing Vedanta and Yoga to the Western world, raising interfaith awareness, and increasing Hinduism’s status as a major world religion

1866 – The Royal Aeronautical Society is formed in London

1873 – Spiridon Louis born, Greek runner who won the first modern-day Olympic Marathon in the 1896 Summer Olympics, becoming a national hero

1874 – Laura Adams Armer born, American writer, photographer and artist; her book Waterless Mountain won the 1932 Newbery Award; Adams Armer photographs of San Francisco’s Chinatown, and extensive photos of the lives and culture of the Navajo and Hopi people are now part of museum collections in the San Francisco area and Santa Fe NM



1876 – Jack London born, American author and adventurer



1878 – Ferenc Molnár is born in Budapest, American playwright; Liliom (adapted as the musical Carousel), The Guardsman, The Swan, The Good Fairy

1884 –  “Texas” Guinan born, American entertainer-producer, “The Queen of the West,” an early female emcee who opened a speakeasy in New York called the 300 Club during Prohibition; credited with coining “butter and egg men” and “give the little ladies a great big hand”- greeted her patrons with “Hello, suckers!”



1882 – The Holborn Viaduct Electric Light Station in London, a pioneering public steam power station which services both public lighting and the needs of private consumers opens, using Edison incandescent lamps for street lighting

1895 – National Trust for Places of Historic Interest or Natural Beauty, aka the National Trust, is founded by Octavia Hill, Sir Robert Hunter and Hardwicke Rawnsley

1904 – Henry Ford sets a new land speed record of 91.37 mph

1906 – Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman’s cabinet (including H. H. Asquith, David Lloyd George, and Winston Churchill) embarks on sweeping social reforms

1908 – A long-distance radio message is sent from the Eiffel Tower for the first time

1915 – U.S. House of Representatives rejects a proposal to give women the right to vote

1916 – Ruth Rogan Benerito born, American chemist, a pioneer in development of wash and wear and stain resistant fabrics



1918 – Finland’s “Mosaic Confessors” law goes into effect, making Finnish Jews full citizens, eliminating restrictions on movement, place of residence, and employment

1928 – Vladimir Horowitz debuts as a soloist with the New York Philharmonic at Carnegie Hall, NYC



1930 – Jennifer Johnston born, Irish novelist; The Old Jest, set during the Irish War of Independence, won the 1979 Whitbread Book Award; The Captains and the Kings won Author’s Club First Novel Award (1973)

1930 – Glenn Yarbrough born, American folk singer, The Limeliters



1932 – Hattie Caraway (D-AR) becomes the first woman elected to the U.S. Senate

1935 – Teresa del Conde Pontones born, Mexican art historian, biographer and critic; a Fellow of the Academia des Artes, columnist for La Jornada; former director of Museo de Arte Moderno, Mexico City

1936 – Raimonds Pauls born, Latvian composer, Latvian Minister of Culture (1988-93)



1936 – Jennifer Hilton born, Metropolitan Police of London Commander awarded the Queen’s Police Medal in the 1989 Birthday Honours; now Baroness Hilton of Eggardon, life peer and Member of the House of Lords since 1991

1941 –Dame Fiona Caldicott born, British psychiatrist and psychotherapist; Chair of the Oxford University Hospitals NHS Trust and a past President of the British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy; first woman President of the Royal College of Psychiatrists (1993–1996) and its first woman Dean (1990–1993);  Chair, National Information Governance Board for Health and Social Care (2011-2013)

1942 – U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt creates the National War Labor Board

1943 – The Office of Price Administration announces that standard frankfurters/hot dogs/wieners would be replaced by ‘Victory Sausages’

1944 – Cynthia Robinson born, American trumpeter and vocalist with Sly and the Family Stone, the first woman trumpeter in the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame



1946 – Hazel Cosgrove born, Lady Cosgrove, Scottish lawyer and judge; first woman Sheriff of Glasgow and Strathkelvin; first woman appointed as a Senator of the College of Justice; served as a judge on Scotland’s Supreme Courts (1996-2006); Deputy Chair of the Boundary Commission for Scotland (1997-2006)

1948 – Britain’s first supermarket opens at Manor Park, run by the London Co-Op

1948 – The U.S. Supreme Court rules in Sipuel v. Board of Regents of the University of Oklahoma that state schools cannot discriminate against qualified law-school applicants because of race if there is no equivalent state institution for people of color – Thurgood Marshall was the primary attorney for Ada Lois Sipuel

1949 – Kukla, Fran and Ollie, a Chicago-based children’s show, makes its national debut on NBC-TV



1950 – Sheila Jackson Lee born, American politician; U.S. Congresswoman (D-TX) since 1995

1955 – Rod Serling’s teleplay Patterns appears on Craft Television Theatre, starring Richard Kiley, Everett Sloane and Ed Begley, earning Serling his first of six dramatic writing Emmys, and launching his career

1962 – Operation Chopper, the first American combat mission in the Vietnam War

1963 – Nando Reis born, Brazilian musician-producer



1966 – U.S. President Johnson says in his State of the Union address that the U.S. should stay in South Vietnam until Communist aggression there was ended

1966 – “Batman” debuts on ABC-TV

1969 – Led Zeppelin, the band’s debut album, released in the U.S.



1971 – “All In the Family” debuts on CBS-TV

1986 – Space shuttle Columbia blasted off with a crew that included the first Hispanic-American in space, Dr. Franklin R. Chang-Diaz

1991 – The U.S. Congress passes a resolution authorizing President Bush to use military power to force Iraq out of Kuwait, Senate voting 52-47 and House 250-183

1998 – 19 European nations agree to prohibit human cloning

2000 – U.S. Supreme Court, in a 5-4 ruling, give police authority to stop and question any person who runs at the sight of an officer

2005 – NASA launches “Deep Impact” – The spacecraft is designed to impact on Comet Tempel 1 after a six-month, 268 million-mile journey

2006 – The U.S. Mint begins shipping new 5-cent coins to the regional Federal Reserve Banks, showing Thomas Jefferson looking forward, from an 1800 Rembrandt Peale portrait – presidential images put on coins were previously in profile

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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
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