ON THIS DAY: July 30, 2018

July 30 is

Cheesecake Day

Chicken and Waffles Day

Medicare’s Birthday *

International Paperback Book Day *

National Support Public Education Day *

UN International Day of Friendship *

UN World Day Against Trafficking Persons *

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MORE! Fatima Jinnah, Vladimir Zworykin and Anita Hill, click

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WORLD FESTIVALS AND NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

Bonaire, St. Eustatius and Saba –
Carnival Monday

Italy – San Marino: Medieval Days
(battles in period costumes)

Mexico – Oaxaca: Guelaguerza
(Summer cultural festival)

Morocco and Western Sahara –
Feast of the Throne Day

South Sudan – Martyrs’ Day

Vanuatu – Independence Day

US Virgin Islands –
Hurricane Supplication Day

Zimbabwe – General Elections Day

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On This Day in HISTORY

762 – City of Baghdad founded by Caliph Al-Mansur


Baghdad, from a 14th century Medieval illuminated manuscript


1511 – Giorgio Vasari born, Italian painter, architect, historian and writer

Allegory of Patience, part of a series, by Giorgio Vasari


1619 – The Virginia House of Burgesses, first representative assembly in America, convenes in Jamestown

1676 – Nathaniel Bacon instigates Bacon’s Rebellion against the rule of Virginia Colony Governor William Berkeley, who refused him a military commission to drive out all Indians from the colony, by forming his own militia and attacking peaceful Indians after his overseer is killed in a raid by different Indians

1715 – Spanish ‘gold and silver fleet’ lost off the coast of Florida

1729 – The town of Baltimore MD is founded

1733 – First American colonial Masonic lodge founded in Massachusetts

1751 – Maria Anna Mozart born, nicknamed “Nanneri,” older sister of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, she was trained from the age of seven by their father Leopold to play the harpsichord and the fortepiano. She and her brother were taken on tour. She was a talented player, and sometimes received top billing in the early days, but her career was cut short when she reached the age of 18, the age her parents considered her marriageable. She was no longer permitted to perform in public. Dominated by her father, she was forced to turn down a marriage proposal from the man she loved, and was married instead to a magistrate, already twice a widower, with five children from his previous marriages. When she gave birth to her first child in 1785, she had returned to the Mozart home. Her father Leopold, for whom the boy had been named, took over the infant, raising him in the Mozart household until Leopold the elder died in 1787, and her son was finally returned to his mother. After her husband died in 1821, she returned to Salzburg, with her two children and four of her stepchildren, to work as a music teacher. In 1825, she became blind, and died in 1829 at the age of 78. Though she and her brother had been very close in childhood, their last visit was in 1783, and she received the last letter from him in 1788, three years before he died



1756 – Newly built Catherine Palace presented to Russian Empress Elizabeth

1792 – Claude Rouget de Lisle’s  “La Marseillaise” is first sung in Paris



1818 – Emily Brontë born, poet and author of Wuthering Heights



1852 – Emma Gillett born, American lawyer and women’s rights activist, co-founder of the Washington College of Law, the first law school founded by women

1856 – Richard Burdon Haldane born, Scottish lawyer, liberal politician, philosopher, and statesman; British Lord Chancellor (1912-1915); Secretary of State for War (1905-1912) who implemented reforms to the army 



1863 – Henry Ford born, founder of Ford Motor Company

1880 – Robert McCormick born, American newspaper editor-publisher of the Chicago Tribune; a leading opponent of FDR’s New Deal

1889 – Vladimir Zworykin born in Russia, American inventor; dubbed “the father of television”

1893 – Fatima Jinnah born in British India, dental surgeon, biographer, stateswoman and one of the founders of Pakistan; she was a close advisor of her older brother Muhammad Ali Jinnah, who would become the first Governor General (1947-1948) of the new nation, and a leading member of the All-India Muslim League; after independence in 1947, she co-founded the Pakistan Women’s Association which did much to help the resettlement of women migrants. But after her brother’s death in 1948, she was banned from speaking on the radio until 1951, and her radio address to the nation then was heavily censored by Liaquat Ali Khan’s administration. She wrote a biography of her brother in 1956, but it wasn’t published until 1987 because of censorship, and accusations that she had written ‘anti-nationalist material.’  Even when it was finally published, several pages were left out. She came out of political retirement in 1965, to run for president against the military dictator Ayub Khan, but the military rigged the election. When she died in 1967, rumors spread that it was not a natural death, and her family demanded an inquiry, but the government quashed any inquiry. Honored by the people for her support of civil rights, her funeral was attended by almost half a million people. She is often referred to as Māder-e Millat (Mother of the Nation)



1898 – Scientific American magazine carries the first magazine automobile ad, for the Winton Motor Car Company of Cleveland, OH

1898 – Henry Moore born, highly regarded English sculptor


Reclining Figure, by Henry Moore, 1929


1906 – The Nederlands Verbond van Vakverenigingen (NVV), the Netherlands Association of Trade Unions, is formed

1906 – L’udovit Rajter born, Slovakian composer and conductor



1909 – C. Northcote Parkinson born, English historian, author; “Parkinson’s Law” declares that “work expands so as to fill the time available for its completion”

1912 – Japan’s Emperor Meiji dies and is succeeded by his son Yoshihito, who is now known as the Emperor Taishō

1914 – Michael Morris Killanin born, Irish author and journalist; International Olympic Committee’s sixth president

1916 – The Statue of Liberty is damaged by flying debris when German saboteurs blow up a munitions plant on nearby Black Tom Island in New York Harbor

1928 – George Eastman shows the first amateur color motion pictures to guests at his New York house including Thomas Edison

1930 – Host county Uruguay wins FIFA’s first World Cup, 4-2 over Argentina 



1932 – Disney premieres Flowers and Trees, first cartoon short in Technicolor



1935 – International Paperback Book Day * celebrates Sir Allen Lane’s founding of  soon-to-be-named Penguin Books, to make quality writing available in easily portable paperback form, at prices almost everyone can afford – and a mass market is born. Simon & Schuster repeats his success in the U.S with pocket-sized paperbacks selling for 25¢ in 1939


The first ten Penguin paperbacks


1939 – Eleanor Smeal born, American activist, political analyst, grassroots organizer, founder of the Feminist Majority Foundation, former president of the National Organization for Women



1940 – Patricia Schroeder born, American politician, first woman elected to U.S. States Congress from Colorado (D-CO 1973-1997); first woman to serve on the House Armed Services Committee; member of House Select Committee on Children, Youth and Families; prime mover behind the Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993 and the 1985 Military Family Act



1942 – FDR signs legislation creating the W.A.V.E.S., a women’s auxiliary agency of the U.S. Navy, for wartime service

1942 – Polly Pickering born, English wildlife artist and environmentalist; conservation partner to the government of Bhutan; founder of the Pollyanna Pickering Foundation, which fundraises and campaigns for animal welfare and conservation



1945 – The USS Indianapolis, which had just delivered key components of the Hiroshima atomic bomb to the Pacific island of Tinian, is torpedoed by a Japanese submarine; only 316 out of 1,196 men survive the sinking and shark-infested waters

1947 – Françoise Barré-Sinoussi born, French virologist; Director of Unité de Régulation des Infections Rétrovirales ( Regulation of Retroviral Infections Division), and professor at the Institut Pasteur in Paris; performed some fundamental work in identifying the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) as the cause of AIDS. In 2008, Barré-Sinoussi was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, together with her former mentor, Luc Montagnier, for their discovery of HIV

1948 – Julia Tsenova, Bulgarian pianist and composer; President of the Bulgarian section of the International Society for Contemporary Music



1949 – Dame Sonia Proudman born, British judge, a Justice of the High Court of England and Wales, second woman appointed to the Chancery Division; Deputy High Court Judge (2001-2008); Recorder (2000-2001); senior member of Inn of Court (1996-2000)



1950 – Harriet Harman born, British solicitor and Labour politician; Leader of the Opposition (2015); Deputy Leader of the Labour Party (2007-2015);Member of Parliament since 1982;

1955 – Johnny Cash records “Folsom Prison Blues”



1956 – Anita Hill born, lawyer and professor of law, social policy and women’s studies at Brandeis University. In 1991 she testified at the Senate hearings for Supreme Court nominee Clarence Thomas, accusing him of sexual harassment, increasing public awareness of the issue of work place harassment. The Senate voted 52-to-48 to confirm him anyway



1956 – By Congressional resolution, In God we trust becomes U.S. motto

1956 – Soraida Martinez born, American abstract expressionist artist of Puerto Rican heritage; founder of the art movement Verdadism, which juxtaposes abstract art with written social commentary, using art to advocate for human and civil rights, feminism and social action

1956 – Brenda Lee records her first single, “Jambalaya”



1960 – Jennifer Chase Barnes born, musicologist and academic; established a Leverhulme research partnership between Imperial College, Manchester University and the Royal College of Music, using wireless EEG biofeedback to design a program to analyze the role of alpha, beta and theta waves in musicians and dancers under performance stress. Her findings were integrated into the curricula of performing arts institutions worldwide; Project Director at the Royal College of Music (1996–1999)

1962 – The Trans-Canada Highway opens

1964 – Laine Randjärv born, Estonian Reform Party politician; Vice President of the Riigikogu (parliament) since 2011; Minister of Culture (2007-2001); Mayor of Tartu (2004-2007)



1965 – LBJ signs Social Security Act into law, establishing Medicare and Medicaid
(see also 2004 entry)

1971 – NASA’s Apollo 15 astronauts David Scott and James Irwin land on the moon

1973 – Clementa C. Pinckney born, American minister and Democratic politician; senior pastor at Mother Emanuel AME church in Charleston; South Carolina Senate member (2001-2015); South Carolina House of Representatives (1997-2001); one of nine African Americans killed in a mass shooting by a white supremacist Neo-Nazi at a prayer meeting in his church in 2015



1974 – Watergate: House Judiciary Committee votes to impeach President Nixon – Nixon complies with Supreme Court order to release White House tapes

1975 – U.S. labor union leader Jimmy Hoffa disappears, still not found

1978 – In Japan, the Okinawa Prefecture changes its traffic from the right-hand side of the road to the left-hand side

1980 – Israeli Knesset passes the Jerusalem Law: Jerusalem, complete and united, is the capital of Israel

1981 – About 50,000 demonstrators, mostly women and children, take to the streets in Łódź to protest food ration shortages in Communist Poland

1991 – Metallica releases “Enter Sandman”



1999 – Enthronement of Moroccan King Mohamed VI

2003 – Last old-style VW Beetle rolls off an assembly line in Mexico



2004 – Medicare’s Birthday *- Marilyn Clement founds Healthcare Now!, a non-profit organization advocating for a single-payer healthcare system in the U.S., and launches an annual celebration of the anniversary of Medicare, America’s only  publicly financed, universal health plan, which has kept healthcare affordable for seniors since 1965 (see also 1965 entry)

2006 – The world’s longest running music show, Top of the Pops, is broadcast for the last time on BBC Two, after 42 years on the air

2010 – National Support Public Education Day * is launched by the SOS Million Teacher March to raise awareness of the crisis in U.S Public Education, and give teachers a voice in the policy-making decisions that impact their classrooms



2011 – An International Day of Friendship * is declared by the UN General Assembly as part of its Programme of Action on a Culture of Peace, “Recognizing the relevance and importance of friendship as a noble and valuable sentiment in the lives of human beings around the world”

2013 – World Day Against Trafficking Persons * is declared by the UN General Assembly as part of its Global Plan of Action to free an estimated 21 million victims of forced labour, 71% of them women and children, and put an end to human trafficking


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About wordcloud9

Nona Blyth Cloud has lived and worked in the Los Angeles area for the past 45 years, spending much of that time commuting on the 405 Freeway. After Hollywood failed to appreciate her genius for acting and directing, she began a second career managing non-profits, from which she has retired. Nona has now resumed writing whatever comes into her head, instead of reports and pleas for funding. She lives in a small house overrun by books with her wonderful husband and a bewildered Border Collie.
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